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VOL.V. No. 1. 

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Lebanon Valley College 


Whole No. 47. 



ilai I, Clay Deaner, A. M., Professor of Latin. 

ante|$. Benj. Bierman, A. M., President. 

.E. Lehman, A.M., Professor of Mathematics. 
u |li8S Sarah M. Sherrick, Ph. B., 

Professor of English Language. 
Uv. J. A. McDermad, A. M., 

Professor of Greek and Natural Science, 
iiss Carrie G. Eby, 

Professor of Piano and Voice. 
Iiss Ella Moyer, Professor of Harmony, 
iiss Emma E. Dittmar, Professor of Art. 


^lionian Society— Miss Anna II. Forney, 
q 'Mlokosmian Society— D. Albert Kreider. 
1MB " alozetean Society— Elmer L. II a ak. 



r to 


h C. HUBER. 

B. Koop. 
. E. Heilman. 


. Clay Deaner. 

All communications or items of news 
lould be sent to the Editor in Chief. Sub- 
sriptions should be sent to the Publish- 
t>g Agent. 

THIS COLLEGE FOKl'M will be sent 
lonthly for one school year on receipt of 
penty-five cents. Subscriptions received at 
fry time. 

MEl For terms of advertising, address the 
i the nblishing Agent. 


fed? ntere(l at the Post Office ut Annville, Pa., 
ictio4 as second-class mail matter. 


i ilicti 


rs the 



The health of the students is re- 
arkably good. A few are slightly 
disposed with grip and colds. 


As we go to press Mr. G. K. 
artrrmn, '94, received a despatch 
at his mother has died. 

The Winter Term opened very 
I e cess(ully, with seven accessions. 
e Masses are all doiny- good work. 

GfRiFFAitD Nelson on the 15th 

lectured in the chapel on " Irish 

mry " £0 a good audience. If 

would have been 1 ess of the 

tlie audience would have 
I it better. 

" Trained A'oung people are the 
bulwark of the church," is heard 
everywhere. Who can tell why 
more is not done to effect the grand 
truth these words contain? Brother, 
sister, have we done our duty ? 

On the evening of the 7th inst. 
it was arranged to have a Ladies' 
Missionary meeting at the parson- 
age. The entire church responded, 
and rilled the pastor's larder, and 
gave his wife a set of dishes. Such 
missionary work builds up a church. 

The Pennsylvania Chautauqua 
promises large things for Lebanon 
county. It has materialized, and 
plans are in making to perfect the 
arrangements for a very successful 
session the coming summer. Leba- 
non Valley College heartily endorses 
the movement, and promises a 
hearty, active and generous support. 

The Conference Herald, pub- 
lished in the interests of the East 
Pennsylvania Conference, with ex- 
President Kephart as editor, desires 
the patronage of the entire confer- 
ence. It is full of news from all 
sections. Its monthly visits will be 
almost like church reunions, and 
will bind the entire church together. 

Among the attendants at the Na- 
tional Conference of University 
Extension, in session in Philadel- 
phia during the holidays, was Presi 
dent Bierman, as delegate from this 
institution. He was elected a mem- 
ber of the General Council, and has 
signified his acceptance of the honor. 
As the daily papers gave full ac- 
counts of the doings of this body at 
the time, we will not consume space 
at this late period. 

The University Extension lec- 
tures at Lebanon began on the 13th 
inst, The first six of the course 

will be on *' English Poets of the 
Revolution Age." The first was 
on Robert Burns. The subse 
quent ones will be on Byron, Moore, 
Scott, Shelley and Wordsworth. 
The interest taken in the movement 
is far reaching, and the course prom- 
ises to be very largely patronized. 

The death of Mrs. Brandt will be 
learned by man}' of our old students 
with deep sorrow, because of the in- 
terest she always took in them and 
the college. Ever since the col- 
lege's inception she was a strong 
friend, and with willing hands la- 
bored many days gratuitously. 
How fitting it was to have her fu- 
neral preached in the college chapel. 
Her bod}^ was laid to rest on De- 
cember 27. 

The Day of Prayer for colleges 
will be observed on the 28th inst. 
A special programme is being pre- 
pared for its observance at the col- 
lege. Owing to the special services 
now held at many of the appoint- 
ments on the different charges, it 
will not be convenient to hold spe 
cial services, but we would earnestly 
request each pastor with his congre- 
gation to invoke heaven's choicest 
blessings upon the college and the 

The New Year reception passed 
off very pleasantly. It was held 
in the chapel.. After all had been 
introduced to the host and hostess 
of the evening, a very unique pro- 
gramme of tableaux, charades, pan- 
tomimes, music, and an art exhibi- 
tion was rendered, on the comple- 
tion of which all were presented 
with a souvenir spoon with the ini- 
tials " Y. 0. U." on the handle, and 
" 1892 " in the bowl. The remain- 
der of the evening was spent so- 



As " the children of to-day will be 
the architects of our country's des- 
tiny a quarter of a century hence," 
there is a great responsibility upon 
us all. Upon the father, if he does 
not give his children the advantage 
of an education, the best his circum- 
stances will permit ; upon the State, 
if she does not compel all to avail 
themselves of the advantages that 
are brought to the very doors of all 
classes, and that, too, almost gra- 
tuitous ; and lastly, upon the church, 
if she does not provide ample facili- 
ties for the very best Christian cul- 

Christian Life in Colleges. 

We, as .young people, are placed 
upon this beauteous universe for a 
special purpose, and, like the ever- 
changing panorama around us, we 
should change for the better. We 
should submit our wills and lives to 
the Lord Jesus Christ and be will- 
ingly led by Him, for Christ's whole 
life, teaching and example tell us 
that Christianity is for young people. 
Yet through these nineteen centuries 
there have been people who failed to 
see it in that light. There are some 
people in the world to-day who do 
not see that God comes to the young 
life to help it by setting before it 
great tasks and duties for life ; that 
He has reared before us magnificent 
mountains to climb — a great work, 
to crown us in the fulfilling of it 
with glorious victory. Yes, Christ 
comes to help us all. He is with us ; 
He is on our side ; He is pledged to 
help us in our Christian life. "What 
are the helps for Christian life in col- 
leges? The first is the Word of the 
living God. This is our spiritual 
food. The more we partake of it the 
stronger we grow. There never has 
been a time when the Word of God 
was as much read by college stu- 
dents as now. How many real 
Bible students are there ? Too often 
students take up the Bible in such a 
spirit that its scrutiny profits us but 
little. That student whose delight 
is in the law of the Lord, and who 
meditates upon it and studies it, de- 
rives great comfort and strength. 
God's written Word, which is the rev- 
elation from God, the only perfect 
revelation of Himself and of our- 
selves, admits of, and, indeed de- 
serves, our meditation and study, 
because our conception of Him and 
likeness to Him depend upon our 
study of His Word. It is our re- 
ligious duty to study it; if we 
neglect it we shall be held account- 
able for it. There is nothing that will 
keep us from the snares and tempt- 
ations in our pilgrimage like the 

Word of God. By it we are born 
again, justified, sanctified, and out of 
it faith springs. David says : " Thy 
Word have 1 hid in mine heart, that 
I might not sin against thee." Mar- 
tin Luther was asked what he was 
going to do with the Pope, Emperor 
and the world against him, and said : 
" I put myself under the shield of 
Him who has said, ' I will never 
leave thee nor forsake thee,' and, 
under the Word of the living God, I 
am not afraid of Emperor, nor the 
Pope, nor the world, nor the devil." 
Yes, the Word of God, which is able 
to make us wise unto salvation, is a 
great help in our Christian life, and 
it commends itself to every college 

Prayer brings us strength ; prayer 
is a very essential exercise of the 
Christian life. It is both the breath 
and the language of the Christian. 
We can become larger, stronger, 
better Christians, if we only will. 
Martin Luther said, " To have prayed 
well is to have studied well." The 
college student whose mind is intent 
upon the works and the laws of God 
in nature and in the human mind, is 
just the one to have personal inter- 
course and contact with God him- 
self. If we would attain the best in 
our student life, we will not only 
scrutinize God's life and works ; we 
will walk with God, will touch God. 
If we do, we will be able to bring our 
requests to God, and know that God 
answers our prayers. " Search me, 
! God, and know my heart ; try 
me and know 1113- thoughts." An- 
other help comes through inter- 
course with Christian teachers. 
What a privilege it is for young 
students to turn to such men. to 
come to them with the man}' per- 
plexities which trouble and baffle the 
student's mind, and to find in them 
helpers. May many men rise up in 
every college who shall be examples 
and guides for their pupils in the 
Christian life. 

Our Christian life is helped by the 
Christian intercourse of students 
with students. There is oneness of 
spirit among students ; our hearts 
beat in unison ; we do not stand by 
ourselves. We have common aims, 
common thoughts, that of developing 
the physical, the intellectual and the 
spiritual, which is Christ's own idea, 
thereby avoiding a fragmentary life. 
We have our Y. W. C. A.'s and Y. 
M. C. A.'s, which are great helps in 
stimulating us to still greater zeal in 
the redeeming of fellow-students to 
the morality and faith of Jesus. 
Students are students' best helpers. 
God has given us great strength, but 
we must go to Him to put it on. 

The revival spirit in college is 
helpful. This is a good spirit and of 
superior importance. Men value re- 
vivals in business, in politics, etc. 

May we not well put the highest 
value on religious revivals in college 
in which hearts are brought t& 
gether and the Word of God 
proved true? What power is d fr 
velopecl in college for good when * ( 
use the helps God gives to oin 
Christian life. May our lives refle 
the life of Him who died for us. 

> 1 

The Problem of Foreign I mm 

PEOF. A. V. HIESTER, '87, A. B.,B. a 

New York is essentially a foreigi 
cit}'. No where else in the wort 
can such heterogeneous elements « 
population be found. Irish, Get 
mans, Bohemians, Italians, Scotcl 
Hungarians, Scandinavians, Frencl 
Poles — they are all here. Certaii 
sections of the city are exclusive!] 
populated by these foreign elements 
The east side, between Houston 
and Fourteenth streets, is inhabits 
chiefly by Germans ; hence this see 
tion is called " Germany." " Italy' 
you will find about Five Points 01 
the east side, and about Spring 
Wooster and Sullivan streets on tli 
west side. These foreign quarto 
are most densely populated 
characterized by filth and povert; 
The vilest odors and the most 
gusting scenes continually assail y« 
as you pass through them. Or, pe 
haps, you will want to enter some 
the tenement houses found in 
foreign sections. If so, you 
find them literally packed «i 
people, many families occupying b 
a single room. Squalor and povert 
abound everywhere and people 
to live more like animals than hum) 
beings. Such a state of things is 
structive of both health and m 
Children brought up under such 
fluences must necessarily enter flU 
hood and womanhood with the m 
rowest views of life and with 
most limited development of til 
intellectual, moral and spirit' 
natures. But unfortunately this 
pect of life is not peculiar to $ 
York. It is common to all our la 1 
cities and is presenting to us 
nation the most difficult social, po' 
cal and religious problems to sol 
Wise and thoughtful men are j 
stantly telling us of the danger 
our free institutions from the ic" 
of these foreign populations. » 
with supreme confidence in ouH 
tiny, we set aside these warning 5 
merely the gloomy foreboding 8 
deluded pessimists and pa^ 
further attention to them, feel 
suredthat whatever mistakes \ 
commit all will come right | 
end. ! 

A patriotic American, v| 
New York for the first time, w 1 

be I 
he t 
a pii 
the 1 
a lai-£ 
in va; 
rep re; 
for t] 
they i 
take t 

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to Am 
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nothing so interesting and instruct- 
ive as a visit to the Barge office, in 
the extreme southern part of the city, 
where all immigrants are received. 
This work was formerly carried on 
a t Castle Garden, an old fort situ- 
ated about a quarter of a mile west of 
the Barge office. If he happens to 
be there just after the arrival of an 
ocean steamer he will see what he 
can see nowhere else in the world ; 
he will see a crowd of people gath- 
ered perhaps from all parts of 
Europe. As they are mustered in 
the reception rooms waiting to 
be examined by the proper offi- 
cers or to be taken to the railway 
depots, they present to the observer 
a picture full of interest. Here and 
there about the room you will notice 
the blue-eyed German, the fair- 
skiuned Swede, the dark and pas- 
sionate Italian, or the short and 
tliick-set Hungarian, forming little 
groups with their own countrymen, 
and chattering away in their own 
tongue. At the farther end of the 
room is a family group, a father and 
mother with four or five children 
who have come to seek a home in 
the new world ; the smallest of the 
children with flaxen curls is fast 
asleep, while the others are quietly 
conversing together. A few feet 
away a big German with a shaggy 
beard and unkempt hair, looking 
like a typical anarchist, is seated 
upon a box. In one corner of the 
room you will observe a party of 
Hungarians. They bring with tiiem 
a large number of bundles tied up 
in various shapes, which very likely 
represent all their worldly posses- 
sions. The women are noticeable 
for their short frocks, their heavy 
hoots, and the large napkins which 
they wear about their heads. Pres- 
en tly a railroad agent comes in to 
take this party to the depot. As he 
waves his hand to them they seize 
their bundles, and, following like a 
drove of sheep, leave the office. 
Massing on a little further with the 
messenger you come upon a group 
01 Italians. Beyond them sits a 
pretty Polish maiden who has come 
America to marry her lover. As 
v °u look back now you observe that 
'Host all have gone away and the 

lilti m iS nearl 3 r empty- But wait a 
. tie. Another steamer has come 
j 1 '. an °ther lot of immigrants are 
^■ng brought up to the office in the 
a |, r f e boats, and so the story begins 


over again. Thus it goes on' day 
uurn sey en days in a' week, three 
Tea Bnd sixt y- QVe days 1n a 
ithoiiL!?" 16 da V s ' as nigh as fi ™ 
r^sand, som e months fifty and 

Wret thousand - But y° u do not 
rfaea SGe an ~ V more 5 y° u have some 
E$L J n ow of the quantity and quality 

\t °H Which is eonstantlv thrust 
I u the mouth of the nation at Cas- 

tle Garden — at the Barge office 
now — from thence to be carried to 
the stomach, and, through the pro- 
cess of digestion and assimilation, to 
become a part of the body politic. 
Can we assimilate all this foreign 
material ? some one asks. Let us see. 

During the past hundred }^ears we 
have witnessed the most remarkable 
migration to our shores recorded in 
history. In that time more than 
15,000,000 have come from foreign 
lands, over one-third of which have 
come since 1880. In 1882 the num- 
ber was 800,000. According to the 
census of 1S80 there were in this 
country nearly 7,000,000 persons of 
foreign birth. Add to this 8,000,000 
children of the first generation and 
we have a total foreign population 
of nearly 15,000,000. If the same 
rate of increase has been maintained 
from 1880 to 1890 as from 1870 to 
1880, the census of 1890 will show a 
foreign population of about 20,000,- 
000, one-third of the entire popula- 
tion of the country. 

To discuss the causes of this gulf 
stream of humanity is beyond the 
scope of this article. They ma}' be 
summed up briefly, however, by say- 
ing that they fall under three heads : 
First, the attracting influences of 
America : her fertility of soil, her 
wealth of mine, her free institutions, 
her freedom of thought and speech, 
the prosperity and intelligence of 
her people. Second, the expellent 
forces of Europe, the system of caste 
which holds there, the unhappy lot 
of the masses, compulsory military 
service, social and political uphea- 
vals, grievous taxes. In reference 
to the last point, it may be said 
that in Italy the tax collector 
takes 31 per cent, of the earn- 
ings of the peasant. Again, the 
increase of taxation from 1870 to 
1880 in England was 20 percent.; 
France, 36 per cent. ; Russia, 38 per 
cent. ; Sweden and Norway, 50 per 
cent. ; Germany, 58 per cent. In the 
United States it decreased in the 
same time 9 per cent. The third class 
of causes is found in the small cost of 
passage from Europe to America in 
these days of steam transportation, 
making it possible for anyone, unless 
he be a pauper, to secure enough 
money to come to America. If he 
cannot obtain even the few dollars 
necessary to buy a steerage passage 
to New York, the chances are that he 
is such an undesirable character that 
the community will raise the money 
for him simply to get rid of him. 
This is really being done on a large 
scale in several countries of Europe. 

It has been said that the foreign 
population in the United States 
amounts at this time to about 20,- 
000,000. Such a large element can- 
not help but exercise a profound in- 
fluence upon the nation one way or 

another. Whether this influence 
shall be for good or for evil de- 
pends upon the character of our 
immigrants. In the early history 
of the country they represented the 
best elements of population in the 
countries from which they came. 
They came to us in full sympathy 
with our institutions and with a 
strong desire to help us build up a 
Christian civilization. But this is 
no longer their type and has not 
been since the civil war. They are 
to-day the scum of Europe's popu- 
lations ; criminals, who have come 
to escape justice, convicts who have 
been pardoned on condition of mi- 
grating to America; paupers who 
have been sent hither to lighten the 
burden at home. Ignorant and 
prejudiced, they have had the ad- 
vantage of no moi\al and re- 
ligious training, except perhaps 
a false one. The report of the 
Howard society of London says 
that 74 per cent, of the dis- 
charged convicts of Ireland ulti- 
mately find their way to America. 
In New England, according to the 
census of 1880, the foreign popula- 
tion constituted 20 per cent, of the 
total population and contributed 75 
per cent, of the crime. Of the 182 
women committed to the Massa- 
chusetts Reformatory for Women in 
1880-81, 81 per cent, were foreign 
born or of foreign parentage. These 
facts taken from many others of Tke 
bearing will serve to show the char- 
acter of our foreign population. Their 
influence cannot help, therefore, but 
be disastrous to us as a nation both 
morally and politically. Morally, 
because of the continental idea of the 
Sabbath which many of them enter- 
tain ; because of the liquor traffic 
which is mostly in the hands of for- 
eigners ; because steeped in poverty 
and crime. Politically, because they 
acquire the right of suffrage without 
either knowledge of our institutions 
or capacity for self-government. 
Self-government demands the Anglo- 
Saxon virtues of moderation, self- 
restraint and sense of fair play. 
These virtues our foreign people 
do not possess, for they are 
found only in a high civilization ; 
and without them free institutions 
must inevitably perish. Nor can 
they be educated up to this standard 
in a day or in a year or in fifty years. 
" It takes generations of intelligent, 
self-restrained and self-respecting an- 
cestors to make a man fit to govern 
himself — fit to be entrusted with the 
guidance of a state, whose existence 
and progress depend upon his vote 
and, above all, upon the sentiments 
that lie behind his vote." 

It is another characteristic of these 
foreign populations that they gen- 
erally gravitate to the large cities ; 
and it is a well-known fact that a ua- 



tion is strongly influenced by its cities, j 
When Nineveh and Babylon fell 
Assyria fell with them ; when Rome 
was taken, Italy came to an end. 
Most of our cities are under the con- 
trol of foreigners. In 1880, the 
foreign population of Cincinnati, in- 
cluding the children of the first gen- 
eration, constituted 62 per cent, of 
the whole; in Cleveland, .83 per 
cent. ; Boston, 63 per cent. ; New 
York, 80 per cent. ; Chicago, 91 per 
cent. Many of these people never 
become Americans. The} r herd 
together, resist all Americanizing in- 
fluences, maintain their own customs, 
language and habits of life. At a 
convention of French Catholic priests 
held in a New England town in 
1888, the following mottoes were 
displayed: " Our tongue, our nation- 
ality, and our religion." " Before 
everything else let us remain 
French." This herding tendency 
also makes itself felt in the exercise 
of the elective franchise. Hence, on 
election day politicians bid for the 
Irish vote, for the German vote, for 
the Scandinavian vote ; and it is to 
be presumed that these votes will go 
to the candidate or party which can 
give the most in exchange. Again 
Romanism finds its greatest strength 
among foreigners ; socialism is a 
foreign growth ; intemperance is 
most prevalent among foreigners; 
the percentage of illiteracy among 
the foreign born population is 
thirty-eight per cent, greater than 
among the native-born whites. Thus 
we see that the problem of im- 
migration stands in close connection 
with all the political, social and 
moral problems which are to-day 
facing the American people. 

It is thought by many that Con- 
gress should at once enact a law 
shutting down the gates which have 
been standing open perhaps too long 
already. But even if that is done a 
large part of the problem still 
remains to be solved. What shall 
we do with those who are already 
here ? The Christian Church must 
answer this question. As yet her 
efforts in this direction have been 
feeble, but she is becoming aroused 
to the necessity of grappling with 
these great and vital problems. This 
in itself is a sign of the utmost sig- 
nificance. These problems are not 
in themselves insoluble ; but they 
require for their solution all the patri- 
otism, the earnestness and noble self- 
devotion which are found within the 
Church of Christ. Without this we 
shall fail ; with it we must conquer. 

New York City. 

Pennsylvania Chautauqua. 

Prominent representatives all over 
the State have organized a move- 
ment under the name of the Penn- 
sylvania Chautauqua. 

The object shall be the advance- 
ment of literary and scientific at- 
tainment among the people, and the 
promotion of popular culture in the 
interests of Christianity. 

The meetings shall be held at 
Mount Gretna ^Park, on the Cornwall 
& Lebanon Railroad, Lebanon 
county, Pa. It is a magnificent ex- 
panse* of 5,000 acres in the heart of 
the South Mountain. Besides its 
natural beauties and adaptation to 
educational uses, it is already 
equipped with many of the necessary 
appointments — a large auditorium 
seating four thousand persons, and 
an assembly hall 70x150 feet.. A 
part of this tract has been leased to 
the Chautauqua and is under its ex- 
clusive control, and will be laid out 
in lots, on which cottages will be 
built. There will be a summer 
school to give instructions in the de- 
partments of Biblical, historical, phil- 
osophical, literary and linguistic 
study, and in the arts and sciences, 
especially music and pedagogics. 
Thei-e will also be ample provision 
made for literary, musical and social 
entertainment of a popular, attract- 
ive and ennobling character. 

The school will last this year two 
weeks ; the time has not yet been ar- 
ranged. The very best talent for its 
lectures and schools of instruction 
will be secured, so as to attract 
students and visitors from all parts 
of the State, and to make these sum- 
mer schools permanent and popular. 

The Chautauqua is non-sectarian, 
and is founded upon the broad basis 
of Christian culture. 

The Sabbath shall be strictly ob- 

On this day there shall be no ad- 
mission to the grounds, neither shall 
trains stop near them. 

On the 6th inst., at a meeting of 
stockholders in Ross' Hall, Lebanon, 
the following Board of Managers 
were elected : R. B. Gordon, Joseph 
Lemberger, L. L. Grumbine, J. H. 
Reclsecker, Lebanon ; H. B. Coch- 
ran, Rev. C. L. Frey, Lancaster; 
Rev. George B. Stewart. Rev. S. C. 
Swallow, D. D., Harrisburg ; Rev. 
W. H. Lewars, Annville; M. L. 
Montgomery', Esq., J. G. Mohn. 
Reading ; W. H. Staake, Esq., Phil- 
adelphia ; Rev. Dr. H. W. McKnight, 
Gettysburg; Prof. E. O. Lyte, Mil- 
lersville ; W. H. Ulrich, Hummels- 

The following permanent officers 
were elected : President — Rev. Geo. 
B. Stewart, Harrisburg. Vice-Presi- 
dent—Prof. E. O. Lyte, Millersville. 
Corresponding Secretary — H. A. 
Gerdson. Recording Secretary — R. 
B. Gordon. Treasurer — Geo. D. 
Rice. Chancellor — J.Max Hark,D. 
D., of Lancaster. Executive Com- 
mittee — Rev. T. S. Wilcox, Harris- 
burg ; Rev. T. E. Schmauk, Rev. W. 

H? Dunbar, Lebanon ; J. M. Carvell 
Middletown ; Dr. W. H. Egle, Har 

A full programme of courses of 
study, lectures, etc., will be announc. 
ed in the near future. 

Mrs. Maggie J. McDernmd 

Was a native of Spring Run, 
Path Valley, Franklin county, t 
State, a daughter of George G. i 
Mary E. Crouse. During her 
life she was an obedient, devoted 
and affectionate child, and was mud 
beloved and cherished by her par- 
ents. She was converted at tin 
early age of eight years. 

On the 26th day of March, 18 
she was married to the Rev. J. 
McDermad, then pastor of the TJ 
Church at Duncannon, where 
first year of her married life 
spent. After the election of 
husband to a professorship in Leto 
non Valley College, she became 
resident of this town. 

The affliction which resulted 
her death began on Sunda}', Dec, 
During the latter part of her sici 
ness her suffering was intense, 
during all this time she was patiei 
and resigned to her condition 
When informed on Friday night 
her physician that recovery 
doubtful, she did not utter a murnii 
or word of regret, but said, "It is 
right; I am prepared to go. I m 
tried to live a Christian life, and 
do what is right, and I know til 
Jesus is my Saviour." Turning! 
her husband and friends present 
urged them to meet her in heav« 
and expressed requests for some 
her friends who were absent, 
then repeated the words. " My f® 
looks up to Thee, thou Lamb of fij 
uary," and sang a few words of 
hymn, " Clinging to the Cross." 

On Sunday night, after a pert 
of inexpressible suffering, dun 1 
which her whole body was eonvuls 
in a paroxysm of agony, she turf 
her eyes toward heaven, and afw' 
moment of silent reverence she 
claimed, " Oh, I see the stars ; i 
are so bright, and shine so prett] 
Soon after she asked her husW 
whether it was getting daylight 
on receiving a negative reply, 
asked whether it was light to 
she said : "Oh, it is so brijfl 
there in heaven. The stars 
bright." Then enjoyed a seasd 
great happiness. Thus during! 
whole affliction her trust and 0* 
dence in Christ was serene, 
never wavered for a moment, 
loss is deeply mourned, as she* 1 
true and devoted wife and si* 1 ' 

She peacefully fell asleep in$ 
on Monday night, Decembel 
1891, and now has entered upio" 










in di 





or cs 
him i 

he h 
] 'fe o, 
this p 

gov eri 
Se oii re 



'ell, life which the redeemed enjoy, those 
lar who have washed their robes and 
made them white in the blood of the 

Funeral services were held at her 
home on Wednesday evening, con- 
ducted by Rev. H. B. Spayd, and 
attended by the faculty and students 
of the college, and many friends of* 
the town and relatives from a dis- 
tance. The following day all that 
remained of her was taken to Path 
Valley, her former home, and there 
quietly deposited in the grave to 
await the resurrection of the dead. 


Whereas, By the hand of our Heav- 
enly Father, in his wisdom and love, our 
esteemed professor, Rev. J. A. McDer- 
toad, has been led under dark clouds of 
bereavement, in that his beloved wife 
has been called from labor to reward ; 

Whereas, We recognize in his sore 
affliction the resigned submission of a 
true Christian to the hand of Him who 
doeth all things well ; and 

Whereas, We deem it fitting and 
right that we should give some expres- 
sion to our feelings of respect and sym- 
pathy, therefore be it 

Resolved, That while, with him, hum- 
bly submissive to the Divine will, we yet 
express our heartfelt sorrow for his sad 

Resolved, That we commend him to 
the fatherly care of the God whom he 
serves, a sympathizing Saviour and the 
Christian's abiding Comforter, the Holy 

Resolved, That we express our recogni- 
tion. i a Mrs. McDermad, of a noble ex- 
ample of meekness in life and submission 
in death, and one worthy of oar earnest 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolu- 
tions he sent to the bereaved husband, 
ana that they be published in the Col- 
lege Forum and the Annville Journal. 
D. N. Scott, } 
John D. Rice, > Com. 
Lula M. Baker, ) 

The Key to Municipal Reform. 

What every man who is of any 
account in the world seeks at the 
opening of his career is a profession 
j>J calling which promises to give 

sure employment with a pros- 

it of wealth, or at least a compe- 
JJJ?j> as the years go by. If he 
fi nd such promises in the 
I lib lie service as are held out in the 

Row p C - itieS ° f Berlin » Pari8 ' G,aS - 
| w > Birmingham, Manchester and 

eac Xei ?° o1, lle woulcl e »ter into it 
i)oin! y , en ough. As Mr. Shaw 
arti i ° Ut in llis Paris and Glasgow 

points an( ? as we bave re Peatedly 

The n 111 this de P ar t m ent of 
^gbest « nf " r * V ' in tUeSe ° itieS the 

I, _ * ~ V - V . 

band S of " departments, is paid 
life ™ el y {l nd is kept in office for 

expert talent is sought for 

Skis r. ? Unng ^od behavior. It is 
gover° ' wuich S ives the city good 
s eC n r nineut a' 1 ' 1 at the same time 
es the interest of the intelligent 


and moral portions of the commu- 
nity in public affairs. 

In American cities the opposite 
policy prevails. Not only is no in- 
ducement offered for expert intelli- 
gence to seek place in the public 
service, but every obstacle is raised 
to prevent its finding an entry there. 
If by chance any man possessing it 
gets office, he is certain to be turned 
on*, at the end of a very brief period. 
The result is that every young man 
of first-rate intelligence shuns polit- 
ical life and public service and seeks 
for his occupation in other directions, 
while the men of inferior intelligence, 
unstable character and flabby moral- 
ity turn to politics as offering them 
a better chance of success than they 
could hope for in the severer compe- 
tition of private occupations. It is 
not surprising that under such con- 
ditions we have bad municipal rule 
in all our large cities ; that municipal 
indebtedness rolls every year into 
larger and more portentous dimen- 
sions, and that all efforts to bring 
about a better state of affairs by 
amending existing charters or enact- 
ing new ones, result in failure or only 
partial and temporary improvements. 
Reform of a thorough and lasting 
kind will be attained only when we 
get a system which will give us in 
all the departments of our municipal 
service the kind of officials which 
Mr. Shaw in his article on Paris, in 
The Century for July, described as 
controlling the police department of 
that city. " Every one of the numer- 
ous bureaus," he said, "is manned 
with permanent officials who have 
entered the service upon examina 
tion and who are promoted for 
merit." This system prevails through- 
out the service, making every bureau 
of the executive municipal govern- 
ment, according to Mr. Shaw, " a 
model of efficiency." The same sys- 
tem would produce similar results' in 
American cities, making them as 
well governed as any in the world, 
instead of standing, as at present, 
among the worst governed in the 
world. It will be a slow and ardu- 
ous task to educate public senti- 
ment to a realization of this truth, 
but it must be accomplished before 
we can hope for genuine municipal 
reform. — Century. 

Our Exchanges. 

The Hartzville College Index is a 
medium sized eight page paper, pub- 
lished in the interest of Hartzville 
College, Hartzville, Ind. A recent 
number contains a good article en- 
titled " Where should a College be 
located," in which it gives the opin- 
ion of a number of leading educators 
on that question. Another article 
on the " Indiana Supreme Court De- 
cision," is a reiteration of the wail 

now heard in the ranks of the se- 
ceders, which seem to be wavering, 
and we hope will finally break and 

The Muhlenburg is on our table. 
It is a paper gotten up with great 
care. Its reading matter is very 
tasty and well arranged. 

The College Student, published in 
the interest of Franklin and Marshall 
College, is a neat and well arranged 
monthly. The December number is 
especially good in literary produc- 
tions, among which an article enti- 
tled " Instrumental Music " deserves 
special mention. 

The College Man, published at 
Yale, New Haven, Conn., is before 
us. It is a publication deserving of 
the highest praise, as well as a place 
on the tables of all college reading- 


Misses Anna Keedy and Stella 
Mullendore, of Rohrersville, Md., 
have entered college. 

D. W. Cricler, of York, visited his 
son Horace, on the 11th inst. 

President Bierman spent the 12th 
inst. in Reading on business. 

Prof. Deaner. Miss Sherrick and 
Messrs. S. C. Huber, Jno. D. Rice, 
H. U. Roop and D. S. Eshle man are 
attending the University Extension 
course of lectures on English Lit- 
erature at Lebanon. 

J. M. Herr, '92, preached at Pal- 
myra on the 17th inst. 


The holidays are past; the stu- 
dents have returned and settled down 
to work, the Seniors to u Criticism," 
the Juniors to " Copying Orations," 
for the other classes and the Sophs 
to " Calculus." 

" An able man shows his spirit by 
gentle words and resolute actions ; 
he is neither hot nor timid." 

The old exposition building in 
Chicago, in which Grant, Garfield, 
Cleveland and Blaine were nomi- 
nated for the Presidency, is to be 
torn down. On its site will be 
erected a $600,000 art palace, to be 
used for World's Fair congresses, 
and after the fair as a permanent art 

Pastor Spurgeon's works have 
been translated into the Norse lan- 
guage At Christiana alone there 
have been circulated upwards of 87,- 
600 copies of his sermons. 

Lord Dufferin, now British Am- 
bassador at Rome, and formerly 
Governor General of Canada, has 
been appointed to Paris to succeed 
the late Lord Lytton. 

Let every man be occupied, and 
occupied in the highest employment 



of which his nature is capable, and 
die with the consciousness that he 
has done his best. — Sydney Smith. 

During what was called the " orig- 
inal package year" in Iowa, October, 
1889, to October, 1 890, the criminal 
expenses in Warren county, Iowa, 
were nearly three times as great as 
for the preceding year, increasing 
from $150 to $2,021. The open 
saloon is a fruitful source of crime. 

The cost of a palace sleeping car is 
$15,000, or, if vestibuled, $17,000. 

The hour was late. For ten min- 
utes neither said a word. Then she 
spoke. "We made molasses candy 
to-day." " Y-y-yes," he faltered, 
u I'm sitting on some and can't get 
up." — New York Herald. 

Govern your thoughts when alonp, 
and your tongue when in company. 

Minneapolis has started a move- 
ment for the relief of the starving 
Russian peasants. It is proposed to 
send out a cargo of flour by the 
middle of January, consisting of 
from 30,000 to 40,000 barrels, worth 
from $100,000 to $125,000. Minne- 
apolis millers will give twenty-five 
car loads. 

Bishop D. A. Goodsell has said 
that the church does not need more 
harness, but more horse. 

Valuable deposits of coal have 
been discovered on the Niga Islands, 
Alaska. It is said that the coal is 
virtually inexhaustible in extent, 
and that cargo lots can be delivered 
in San Francisco at $4 a ton. 

Pastor Spurgeon was once visited 
by an insane man who said to him, 
" I am sent by Almighty God to do 
your bidding, your slightest wish I 
will obev." The pastor remarked to 
the man, "I was wishing you would 
go awa\ r just now," and the man, 
having sense enough to act in har- 
mony with his profession, went. 

Ex-President McCosh, of Prince- 
ton, proposes to issue a full set of 
volumes on the various departments 
of the human mind. He is at pres- 
ent writing a book on ethics to be- 
gin the series. 

Hyde Park girls, of Scranton,have 
organized a leap-year club. Each 
young man who rejects a proposal 
will be required to buy a silk dress 
for his rejected one. 


it. So would others. Let us hear 
from the Buckeye state once. Re- 
turns from there have come in slowly 
oflate. We give our friends time 
on 86. Solution to 84 might be im- 


|X4=2 ft. from weaker hoist 1 . 
4V3=H " " stronger " 
J. AI. G 


7 : t : : 3^ : 2 ft. weaker horse. 
7 : 3 : : 3^ : 1£ " stronger " 

No. 84. 

G. S. F. 

No. 85. 

All communications for this department 
should be addressed to Professor of 
Mathematics, Lebanon Valley 
College, Annville, Pa. 

Solutions were received to prob- 
lems 84 and 85 of last month. One 
man had the com-age to attempt No. 
86, but gave it up, and then claimed 
that the statement of the problem 
was wrong. If any one else has 
tried it and succeeded in obtaining 
a solution, we would be glad to have 

Let x—& man's share. 
andy=aboj's " 


whence x 



again y : 2;c : : x : f (x-\-y.) 
whence \xy-\- fy 2 -=2x 2 (2.) 
Sub. the value of x in (2) 
and we have 
whence y=$2.Q2 boy's share. 
X—-10 — y 

.54 man's share. 

J. M. G. 


No. 87. 

One egg contains as much nutriment as 
three ounces of beef. If eggs are won h 
20 cents a dozen and beet is worth. 11 
cents a pound, which is the cheaper diet ? 
No. 88. 

In a certain college the Freshman class 
contains 32% of the whole number of 
students. The number in the Sophomore 
class is 87 % of that in the Fresh- 
man class; the Junior class contains 00% 
of the remainder, and the Senior class 
numbers 48. How many students in the 
college ? 
No. 89. 

I plowed § of a square field containing 
22 acres and 80 rods by plowing around 
it. How many rounds did I make if the 
the plow cut | of a foot? 
No. 90. 

There at e two columns in the ruins of 
Persepolis left standing upright. One is 
70 feet above the plane, the other 50. In 
a straight line between these stauds a 
small statue 5 feet high, the head of 
which is 100 feet from the top of the 
higher, and 80 feet from the top of the 
lower column. Required the distance 
from the tops of the columns. 

Clionian Literary Society. 

Virtute et Fide. 

The following officers were elected 
for the winter term: President, 
Miss Rice; Vice President, Miss 
Stehman; Secretary, Miss Wein- 
man ; Treasurer, Miss Baker. 

The evening of December 4 was 
devoted to discussing subjects as : 
"The Culture of the Will;" ''"The 
Art of Magic;" "Music in the 
Home;" " Mormonism," and vari- 
ous other subjects. 

Miss Geiger was admitted as a 
member of the Society December 

We were pleased to have with us 
in the regular session of the Society 
December 11th, Misses Maulfair 
Heberly, Saltzer and Spayd. The 
programme for the evening was com. 
posed of different topics relating to 
women. Among them was a re- 
ferred question, " Should Women 
Practice Medicine ? " and an address, 
" Higher Education of Women:' 
Various other subjects were includ- 
ed, as " Women of the War.' 
"Women in Political World," and 
"Women Novelists." The pro- 
gramme was well rendered and evi- 
dently of interest to all who at- 

Miss Brightbill spent her vacation 
visiting Miss Swartz, of New Ox- 

Miss Sallie Saylor enjoyed th$ 
holidays visiting friends in Philadel- 

Miss Kreider spent a lew days 
with Miss Stein, of Reading. 

We are glad to say that our anx- 
ious expectations for the recovery of 
Miss Klinger to sound health, and 
also for her return to L. V. C, have 
been realized. It was very encour- 
aging to be greeted by her with 
words expressing how vastly she re- 
gretted her necessitated absence 
from the Society, thus preventing 
actual participation in its work. 

Miss Saltzer joined the Societj 
January 8th. 

Kalozetean Literary Society. 

Palma nun sine Pulvere. 

After having completed our scl 
work for the fall term, we left < 
lege Hall, anxious to meet parentt| 
and friends, with whom we expec 
to enjoy our vacation days. D*J 
after day passed swiftly by. Ho* 
glad we were to be at home <* 
Christmas enjoying a good turkej 
dinner. Often during the term hw 
we allowed our imagination to pi* 
we imagined examinations all in 1 
past, had come home, welcomed 1 )] 
parents and friends, then on Clin' 
mas Day sitting around the faOT 
table enjoying a good turkey dinn* 
The day came at last, and could " 
friends have looked in upon uSj 
about the time we were amusing 1 
selves with the turkejr, they no 
would have made up their mind 
we did notf like a turkey dio§ 
A few more days, and we W| 
lived the days of 1891, and «J 
upon the duties of a new y| 
After having, then enjoyed » 
weeks pleasantly, having laid # 
all our studies, we again retuf^ 
our friend L. V. C., finding 
ready to receive us and anxio« s 


act us to work. The writer has not 
heard any of the K. L. S. boys say 
anything else but that they enjoyed 
their vacation immensely. By this 
time we are hard at work, determine! 
to do more and better work than we 
bave been doing- during last term, 
not only in class, but it is the de- 
termination of each and every mem 
ber of the Kalozetean Literary 
Society to make use of every oppor- 
tunity which the Society affords. 
We are sorry to state that we will 
not have Rev. W. H. Artz with us 
during this term. Rev. Artz has 
been on his circuit during vacation 
holding revival services, and has 
been somewhat successful, and ex- 
pects to give all his time to the 
work. He, however, expects to meet 
with us occasionally in Society. 
We wish him all possible success. 

Mr. Jas. Zug, of Lebanon, Pa., 
reports having spent part of his vaca- 
tion " housed up," due to sickness. 

The election of officers for the 
winter term resulted as follows : 
President, Geo. D. Needy ; Vice- 
President, Geo. A. Kindt ; Record- 
ing Secretary, Jno. 0. Mohn; Critic, 
D. N. Scott; Censor. E. L. Haak ; 
Librarian, Jas. F. Zug. 

On Friday evening, Jan. 8th, 
Messrs. Geo. D. Needy and D. N. 
Scott decided to leave Annville for 
a short time, and took the electric 
car for Lebanon. They returned in 
time for Society, and report having 
had a pleasant journey. 

Mr. D. N. Scott pleasantly en- 
joyed his vacation at the home of 
Harry B. Yohn at Mountville, Pa. 
He claims to have gained several 
pounds as a result of his vacation. 

The first regular meeting of So- 
ciety was held on Friday evening, 
January 8. The exercises consisted 
01 extempore addresses by the 
Members, which were very interest- 
ln 8- We are glad to note the inter- 
est taken by the boys, and a determ- 
ination, as expressed by them, to do 
°etter work than ever before. 

After the Society had adjourned, 
• c " member was invited to reach 

fl f , box of fine a PP les , by our 
fcie ^, Mr. Harry Mayer. 

"rilokosmian Literary Society. 

' ' E> sse Q u a m Videri. ' ' 

Qf At our election Mr. ,J. L. Meyer, 

^w, was chosen President. 
eeceiL gmtefully nckll0w ledge the 
Phiki «°. an in Nation from the 

Sc Ck mn Lite - ary ^ ociety of 
at its u "iversity, to be present 

^ndnnf enth anniversary. May 
effort* I sucees s reward the noble 

Mr n ° Ur co - ,al >orers. 
fr 0na * Uc °rge Stein has recovered 

Boils SCV - ere attack of di P hth eria. 
still continue to entertain 

"warm feelings" toward our boys. 
This time Job's affliction was laid 
upon Mr. S. H. Stein. 

We invite all our friends to the 
entertainment to be given by G. 
Murry Klepfer. in College Chapel, 
Feb. 17th. The high degree of sat- 
isfaction with past efforts of the 
lecturer is the strongest guarantee 
of future success. 

Our session of the evening of the 
11th ult. was honored by the cheering of one of our honorary 
members, Prof. J. E. Bonn, formerly 
of Dickinson, and of our esteemed 
ex-members. Prof. H. C. Deaner and 
Morris A. Moyer. 

In an elegant and highly appreci- 
ated address Prof. Bohn very season- 
ably pointed out the folly of cram- 
ming for examinations, and urged 
concentration of thought and energy 
upon the studies under our consider- 
ation. He cautioned us also against 
attempting a field too wide for the 
time we may have to allot . 

Prof. Deaner, whose words are 
never vainly scattered in our midst, 
in a very pleasing address, urged 
continued enterprise and diligence. 


Mr. S. C. Huber visited Waynes- 
boro in the interests of The Forum, 
meeting our genial ex-member, Mr. 
George Mower, who is there filling 
an enviable position as a drug clerk. 

Mr. Mower abounds in good wishes 
for everybody generally, and best 
ones for the ladies. 

" Gov." J. R. Wallace visited 
friends in Arndtsville, Chambersburg 
and Shippensburg. He reports a 
•' big time." 

The 18th ult. Messrs. W. H., A. R. 
and D. G. Kreider spent a very 
pleasant and profitable evening, at- 
tending the anniversary of the Ex- 
celsior Literary Society "of Palatinate 

Messrs. H. U. Roop and D. A. 
Kreider, in company with Prof. 
Lehman and Miss Anna Forney, fur- 
nished music at the dedication of 
our church at Lititz, Lancaster Co. 

Revs. Eshelman and Freidinger 
filled the pulpit of Rev. Spayd in 
this place in the morning and even- 
ing of the 20th ult., respectively. 

Mr. H. W. Crider, '93, visited 
Frederick City, Harmony Grove, 
Harrisburg and Mountville. He is 
enthusiastic in expressing the great- 
est delight at the hopeful results of 
his social tour. 

Rev. H. U. Roop filled the pul- 
pit once for each of our ex-members, 
Revs. W. H. Washinger, Harris- 
burg, and A. Long, Highspire. 

Rev. W. W. Freidinger and wife 
visited friends in Manchester, Md., 
their old home. 


Mr. S. C. Huber stopped with the 

Messrs. Roop at Highspire, spend- 
ing a day in pleasant fellowship. 

Mr. S. F. Huber spent Tuesday in 
Harrisburg. where his winning smile 
and familiar voice bade a cordial 
welcome to many of his old friends 
returning to Wilson. 

With the opening of the term our 
boys returned promptly in their full 
stature and usual vigor of manhood, 
fully prepared for the Herculean' 
labors that the many opportunities 
impose. All are determined that 
Fortuna shall not extend laden hands 
in vain. To new members our So- 
ciety shall always present an open 
door to the best means of culture 
and most cordial affiliations. 

Upon the roll of that numerons 
multitude that were afflicted with 
the popular malady la grippe, we 
note the following of our members : 
J. M. Herr, J. R. Wallace, D. S. 
Eshelman, Geo. K. Hartman, Messrs. 
S. F. and S. C. Huber, H. W. Crider 
and H. B. Roop. The cases of the 
last two gentlemen were of the most 
aggravated character, rather objective 
than subjective. 


The article of the month which will 
attract the meat circle of readers is one 
o . "Phillips Brooks— His Youth, Early 
Manhood and Work," inJanuiry New 
England Magazine. The writer, the Rev, 
Julius H. Ward, is an intimate of the 
great preacher, and this is the first lime 
that any magazine has given anything 
like au adequate account of the man or a, 
real estimate of his work. Mr. Wa d's 
article is finely illustrated with portrai s 
of Bishop Brooks as a boy, as a student 
at college, at t urty years i-f age, and at 
date ; it also contains sketches of his 
churches and homes in Philadelphia, 
Boston, and elsewtieie. It is one uf the 
best as well as one of the most popular 
articles this enterprising young magazine 
has yet published. Pror. C. M. Wo d- 
ward, of Washington University. St. 
Louis, writes a long article on • t Th<i 
City of St. Louis," which is illustrated 
by Ross Turner, the famous Boston im- 
pressionist artist an< I others. It is an 
article which will in erest leaders East 
a id West, for St Louis has h id a 
romantic history. '* Mice at Eaves-drop- 
ping " is a pleasant little sketch illus- 
trated by A. S Cox. Another of Philip 
Bourke Marston's posthumous poems, 
" 'Tis Bet er to have Loved and Lost," 
fin is a place and is well worthy ot it. 
WinfieldS. Nevins continues his "Stories 
of Salem Witchcraft " Walter Black- 
burn Harte writes a strong condemna ion 
of the growing custom of trading upon 
the names of famous literary men by 
commonplace offspring and relatives. S. 
Q. Lapius contributes a fine poem, ''The 
Gray Dawn." Edith Mary Norris has a 
powi rful and pathetic story of the good 
old days of witchcraft, called "A Salem 
Witch." Charlotte r*erkins Stetson 
contributes a story called "The Yellow 
Wall paper," which is very paragraphia 
and very queer generally. One of Phillips 
Brooks's finest sermons on A bra am 
Lincoln is reproduce I, with a commen- 
tary upou it by Mr. Mead. A number of 
other poems and sk etches compL te a 
very interesting number. 



The number of the Atlantic Monthly for 
January is an exceedingly strong one. It 
opens with Mr. Crawford's serial, Don 
Orsino, and besides the outline of an in- 
teresiing st>ry, the incidental picture of 
the new Rome as c 'ivtrasted with the 
Rome of the Pope's temporal power is of 
really great value. Another feature of 
the number is Henry James's delightful 
article of reminiscence and criticism on 
James Russell Lowell. Lt deals particu- 
larly witli Lowell's London li e, and 
sketches the part that Mr. Lowell played 
in the English literary and social world 
very appreciatively. 

The paper on i oston by Emerson is a 
curious treasure- trove, full of Emerson- 
ian phrases which will long live in the 
memory, and a most interesting charac- 
terization of the traits of the town aud its 
inhabitants. Miss Edith M. Thomas has 
a paper which she wishes considered as 
"a fond and unscientific observation of 
our winged friends," interspersed with 
charming poetry. Speaking of poetry, 
Thomas William Parsons has a strong 
poem calhd Down by the Shore in De- 
cember. Poetry being akin to art re- 
minds one of Walter Crane's most inter- 
esting paper, "Why Socialism Appeals to 
Artists," which is adefeuse of the social- 
istic opinions of William Morris and oth- 
ers of the modern aesthetic school in 
England. A glimpse of the life of an 
English thinker is afforded by the pub- 
lication of a collection of letters from 
John Stuart Mill, called out by his con- 
nection with the Westminster Review, 
which give interesting views of men and 
things.' The Creed of the Old South, by 
Prol. Basil Gildersleeve, is not a sketch 
of the belief of the Old South Church, but 
refers to the political creed of those who 
fought on the Southern side in the civil 

A short story of seashore life by Her- 
bert D. Ward, an able paper on "The 
Political Situation." and Annie Pay son 
Call's article on "The Greatest Need of 
College Girls," with some good reviews, 
close a number which augurs a brilliant 
year for the standard magazine. Pub- 
lished by Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Bos- 


Century Dictionary 

An Encyclopedic Lexicon of the 
English Language, prepared under 
the Superintendence of William 
Dwight Whitney, Ph. D., LL.D., 
Professor of Comparative Philology 
and Sanskrit in Yale University. 

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specimen pages will be mailed to any 
address on receipt of ten cents in 


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Mil , 



Lebanon Valley College 

VOL. V. No. 2. 


Whole No. 48. 



H. Clay Deanbr, A. M., Professor of Latin. 

E. Benj. Biekman, A. M., President. 
J. E. Lehman, A.M., Professor of Mathematics. 
Miss Saras M. Sherrick, Ph. B., 

Professor of English Language. 
Rbv. J. A. McDERMAD, A. M., 

Professor of Greek and Natural Science. 
Miss Carrie G. Ebt, 

Professor of Piano and Voice. 
Miss Ella Moyer, Professor of Harmony. 
Miss Emma E. Dittmar, Professor of Art. 

Clionian Society— Miss Anna K. Forney. 
Philokosmian Society— D. Albert Kreider. 
Kalozetean Society— Elmer L. Haas, 

Seba C. Huber, '92. 
Horace W. Crider, '98. 
William H. Kreider, '94. 

H. Clay Deaner. 

All communications or items of news 
should be sent to the Editor in Chief. Sub- 
scriptions should be sent to the Publish- 
ing Agent. 

THK COLLEGE FORUM will be sent 
monthly for one school year on receipt of 
twenty-five cents. Subscriptions received at 
wry time. 

tor terms of advertising, address the 
Publishing Agent. 

Entered at the Post Office at Annville, Pa., 
as second-class mail matter. 


A Normal.Class will be organized 
cUu 'ing the Spring Term. Full par- 
ticulars will be given in the March 

The coming spring the College 
Jul have reached its quarter century. 

he event will be appropriately ob- 

HE advantages which our electric 
eet cars furnish is appreciated, as 

seen 03- the large number of per- 
sons if • 

xt carried during January, ag- 
gregating 52,812. 

Mil ^ ^ enns yl vania Chautauqua 
open July } an( j continue 

w eeks. The different commit- 

tees are completing the program of 
lectures and entertainments, which 
will be announced next month. 

The Chapel is undergoing marked 
improvements. It will be frescoed 
by Mr. Eugene Monfalcone, of Balti- 
more, Md., from original designs. 
In addition to the frescoing, it will 
be painted, the rostrum re-carpeted, 
and new lamps secured. It is ex- 
pected to be completed by the 1st of 

The publishers of The Century 
Magazine have issued a pamphlet en- 
titled " Cheap Money," containing 
the articles on Cheap-Money Experi- 
ments which have been appearing in 
" Topics of the Time " of The Cen- 
tury during the past year or more. 
Single copies cost 10 cents each, post- 
paid. The pamphlet will be supplied 
in packages, by the hundred, at 5 
cents each, for distribution. 

Congress has been memorialized to 
pass a law against the deadly paper- 
wrapped cigarette. There has been 
in about forty of the different States 
a law passed prohibiting the sale of 
paper-wrapped cigarettes to minors 
under 16 years. To do what is in- 
tended in the above law, the internal 
revenue tax of 50 cents per thousand 
on paper-wrapped cigarettes must be 
made so high that it will place them 
beyond a price that children could 
pay. Such a law will meet with uni- 
versal approval. Clippings taken 
from papers throughout the United 
States show that during the past year 
there have been about one hundred 
deaths of young men, mosth* under 
16 years of age, from the effects of 
smoking paper-wrapped cigarettes. 
In some cases there has been an 
analysis of the stomach, and in most 
instances there have been found acid, 
phosphorus and arsenic, which are 

largely used in the manufacture of 
cigarette paper. Also, the same 
clippings will show that about one 
hundred men have been consigned to 
insane asylums from the same cause. 

Good News. 

TO $10,000. 

The will of the late Mrs. Mary A. 
Dodge, of Maryland, who died on 
January 14th, last, has been admit- 
ted to probate by the Orphans' Court, 
in Baltimore, and letters were grant- 
ed to N. Rufus Gills who is named as 
executor. Ten thousand dollars is 
devised to the treasurer of Lebanon 
Valley College, Annville, Pa., as a 
scholarship fund. th,e interest of 
which only is to be loaned without 
charge to such pious young people 
as the faculty of the college may 
deem worthy of help as students. 
This money is left in trust to the 
executor to be paid over within 
twelve months after her death. Mrs. 
Dodge wills that should any of her 
heirs contest the will in any manner 
all bequests to tbe person or persons 
instituting such proceedings are re- 
voked and given to the executor in 
trust for Lebanon Yalley College for 
the uses and purposes above named. 

Public Rhetorical. 

For several reasons the President 
has recently introduced a new order 
of things in the line of public rhetor- 
ical exercise for members of the 
Senior class. Instead of putting 
five or seven members of the class 
on a programme and naming an 
evening of the week for the perform- 
ance, one of the class appears be- 
fore the students in the morning im- 
mediately after prayers and delivers 
his oration or reads hei essay. 

Two weeks ago this order began 
and Mr. D. Albert Kreider, of Ann- 
ville, delivered a carefully prepared 
and very meritorious address on 
"Our Chilian Troubles." The fol- 
lowing morning Mr. Hervin U. 
Roop, of Highspire, Pa., gave us an 
eloquent and thoughtful oration on 
" Heroism — Past and Present." 



Since then Mr. Jacob M. Herr, of 
Annville, delivered a fine oration on 
" Socialism," and Miss Josephine 
Kreider read a chastely written essay 
on " Truth vs. Error." On Friday 
morning, Mr. John D. Rice, of 
Chambersburg, read an interesting 
dissertation on l< The Dred Scott 
Decision." This preparation gave 
evidence of careful research. 

Quite a number of exercises of 
this character will follow during the 
remaining weeks of this term, and 
judging from the happy inaugura- 
tion of the plan the President's in- 
novation will meet with general 

Day of Prayer for Colleges as Ob- 
served by Us. 

On Thursda}' morning, January 
28th, the regular routine of college 
duties was suspended from 8:45 to 
10:30. This time was spent very 
profitably by the students and some 
friends in the chapel in song, prayer 
and in listening to addresses. Prof. 
McDermad conducted chapel service. 
Prof. Lehman had charge of the 
musical part of program. 

President Bierman spoke on the 
importance of sanctified learning. 
He prefaced his remarks b}- saying 
that we have abundant reasons to be 
interested in this service, because, 
among others, he is the recipient of 
three letters which express an interest 
in us and in the interest of the da} 7 , 
from a Professor in our Seminary, 
a student, and a pastor, all former 
students of L. V. C. He said he was 
glad for an opportunity to pray. As 
long as I can help myself I have no 
claim for higher help. Very im- 
portant that we pray for the success 
of our work here. That we as stu- 
dents form habits here which will 
cling to us; we come to college about 
the time we are forming habits, the 
period between the impulsiveness of 
childhood and the immobility of old 
age. The majority of us need rules. 
Students are free moral agents. 

Prof. Deaner gave an address on 
Christian Influence in College. One 
reason why the many colleges ob- 
serve this " Day of Prayer," is that 
of the influence exerted on the lives 
of students. The American college 
has been and is to-day preeminently 
a Christian college. The need of 
prayer that their influence might be 
still wider disseminated. Nine tenths 
of the Christian institutions are under 
Christian influences. These Chris- 
tian influences are the results of the 
piety of our forefathers. Spoke of 
mottoes of different schools ; 200,- 
000 young men aud young ladies 
are in institutions of learning to-day 
75,000 of whom leave every year. 
Missionary spirit. Young men who 
have resisted Christian influence at 
College are unsaved to-day. 

Miss Lillie Rice, '92, spoke on our 
Y. W. C. A. work, she being presi- 
dent. . Among the many associations 
formed by young women, the Y. W. 
C. A. is the youngest, the fairest and 
the most promising. Much good is 
done b}* our association in leading 
those to Christ who know Him not. 
We are encouraged by our motto, 
" Not by might, nor by power, but by 
my spirit, saith the lord of hosts," 
Zach. 4:6. Our meetings, which are 
held every Saturday evening, are 
blessed with the presence of God. It 
is our meeting. We put forth our first 
efforts at leading meetings, and this 
helps us so that when we quit these 
halls we are able to discharge the 
church duties devolving upon us. 
The object of Y. W. C. A. work is the 
development and consecration of our 
talents. Of the 800,000 girls in 
Pennsylvania 500,000 are not Chris- 
tians. Is not the work great ? It is 
to the young women educated in our 
colleges that the world looks for its 
leaders in every reform. 

J. D. Rice, '92, President of our 
Y. M. C. A., spoke on " Opportuni- 
ties for Work in Our Association." 
The fundamental principle of Y. M. 
C. A. is the uniform development of 
our complex beings — the spiritual 
and highest nature along with the 
intellectual and plrvsical. To-day, 
as a most efficient means for accom- 
plishing this end, the colleges almost 
universally bid their students wel- 
come to the associations and influ- 
ences of the Y. M. C. A., so condu- 
cive to the highest development of 
our spiritual natures. But, being 
thus one grand, simjrfe opportunity, 
it is also a means for the improve- 
ment of other opportunities : 1, For 
►benefiting ourselves (a) by culti- 
vating a devotional spirit ; (b) by 
training ourselves for efficient ser- 
vice by means of Bible training 
classes. 2, For benefiting others 
in bringing them to Christ, by both 
special and continuous efforts. 3, 
For glorifying God, "the chief end of 
man." Hence devolves upon us the 
duty of cherishing the organization. 

Prayer by D. S. Eshleman, '94. 

H. U.'Roop, '92, leader of the col- 
lege prayer meetings, spoke on " The 
Y. M. C. A. Work in General." The 
first Christian Association of which 
we have any record was started in 
Galilee by an earnest, active young 
man, who gathered around Him a 
band whose influence has lasted from 
that time to this. 

The first Y. M. C. A. was started 
by a young man. He found a world 
waiting to receive it. The Y. M. C. 
A. is the natural outgrowth of nine- 
teen centuries of Christian thought 
and life, and men coming to a partial 
understanding of the needs of our 
manhood in the world in which we 
are placed. 

Business men see that the Y. M. C 
A. is the only organization whi<4 
stretches out its hands expressly (a 
those in their employ. Our churche* 
as at present constituted, are unalte 
to meet all the wants, etc., organize 
for a more general purpose, 
-great work of the world is done bj 
young men. The great warfare of 
Christ in the world, the active sue. 
cessful effort must be made by m 
youth of the land. Our prisons 
inhabited by young men. How es. 
sential that young men be sntl 
rounded with every shield of Chris, 
tian influence. The Y. M. C. 
aims to shield and to save yotui 
men, and it is adapted to the workit 
aims to do. It honors the Lord 
Jesus Christ, the Church of ( 
and, above all, the Word of God. It 
has Christ's own idea — developing 
the rtihole man. Spoke of intJ 
collegiate work; the college of cot 
leges at Northfield — its influence; 
the need of men for Christian worl 

Prayer by G. D. Needy, '94. 

Rev. H. B. Spay d, our pastor, sail 
he was sorry to see so few interested 
in the important work ; interested 
the development of hidden resources 
that part of our being which is 
mortal, and whose powers are unite 
ited. The great influence which 
going out from these centres of 
ucation, aud the great importance 
it being for good. All people rausi 
admit that the leaders of to-day 
those who come from education^ 
ranks. The works that are read w 
most interest and profit are tl 
which are and were written 
students. Glad that students do 
neglect the observance of this ( 
Not only speak of it, but pray for8 
He closed with an earnest prayer. 

The President followed with afej 
remarks on the thought of ourcj 
lege being a Christian instituw 
after which the services ended 
the benediction bv our pastor. 


The Merry Bell(e)s. 

Oh, the wonders of leap-year! 

How this year of privileges 
the ladies is welcomed by the Die' 
bers of that sex. How glad tW 
are that during this year they "J 
repay the many courtesies of* 

The ladies of Lebanon Valley 
lege availed themselves of this p 
lege on Wednesday evening, J' 
ary 20. On the morning of 
same day each gentleman boar"! 
in the hall w r as confronted by* 
damsel, who acquainted him ' 
the startling intelligence that 
ladies boarding in the hall wei* 
ing to have a sleighing partyj 
asked him to join the ntU 11 
After some explanation that i* ! 
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narty, as was at first understood by 
some of the gentlemen, the invita- 
tion was accepted by all. Directly 
after supper all were arranged in two 
sleighs, and a jollier crowd never 
left^the town of Annville. After 
much cheering, and after the college 
« yell " had been given several 
times, the party was out of sight of 
college, faculty and everything that 
would tend to draw their thoughts 
to studies and work. Within a short 
time the party reached Lebanon, 
where they spent a short time, then 
returned to Annville. Part of the 
time was spent in singing, and the 
remainder in having a general good 
time. On their arrival at Annville 
the gentlemen gave three cheers for 
the ladies, which was duly appre- 
ciated by them. They parted with 
merry good-nights, all feeling that 
the evening had been pleasantly- 
spent. We are glad to sa} T no one 
even contracted a cold, but we sup- 
pose it was due to the precaution 
taken by some of the number. The 
only gentleman in delicate health 
tied a muffler over his head, and one 
of the ladies held his hat. He being 
a doctor, the others would naturally 
follow his example and be careful 

The Oxford of the American 

BY RENO S. HARP, '89, A. B. 

It is apparent that the National 
Capital should be the fountain-head 
of jurisprudence, but it also can be 
asserted that the various branches of 
human knowledge and industry can 
"ere be studied and practically in- 
vestigated more thoroughly than at 
ttP °^ ler educational center in the 
vvesterii Hemisphere. The wealth 
°i Stanford, the magnetic Harper 
ancl his great universitv, the philo- 
sophic McCosh, and .the memories 
»at cluster around Columbia, Har- 
ard aTlc l Yale, are not worthy to be 
compared to the educational future 
" r the cosmopolitan city. The New 
"g ander unwillingly concedes that 
«? hub of intellectuality has been 
Jisported from the Very birth- 
bank ° f - cIassic education to the 
ty a , . of historic Potomac at 

nes s ! ngt0n - A Cit -V t*at has wit- 
h e . l he glowing patriotism, the 
of 010 deeds and noble achievements 
crow- 1 " Others, has become the 
re,.,,, 11 , 1 .'^ jewel in the diadem of the 
public. Hither the reverent pil- 
ot" ; lJa ^' s uis devotion at the shrine 
«f Hitiip 11 ^ aml temple of fame, 
the 11 0Wn through the cycles of 
eve r y ges ' • ytit unD orn, will resort 
ne ss wl 0lKlition ot hnmanit y to wit- 
Sueat? 16 ! the S reatest legacy ever 
afnj Uec l to mankind was vouch- 

Let ° Ur freedra en. 

Us take a cursory glance at 

the Chautauqua located at Glen 
Echo. Here is a spacious amphi- 
theatre with a seating capacity of 
5,000, a hall of philosophy and a con- 
servatory of music. Who has not 
learned of this wonderful organiza- 
tion and its results 't Its beneficent 
influences and practical utility has 
more especially blessed the poor, 
permitting them, in connection with 
their different avocations, to acquire 
an education, virtually lifting them 
to an exalted conaitiun in life. At 
the session of the (lien Echo Chau- 
tauqua last season the greatest edu- 
cators of all lands, representing the 
different departments of learning, 
were present, greeted by vast con- 
courses of people. The president of 
the society gave some idea of its 
future when he said : 

Indeed, if our capacities are up 
to our aims, if they are up to our 
earnest purpose, we shall make this 
Chautauqua proloundiy felt through 
this country, not only as a Chautau- 
qua, but as one of the greatest insti- 
tutions of learning throughout the 

The Georgetown Uuiversity, that 
has for years crowned the western 
heights, can boast of her excellent 
equipments, and takes great pride in 
her offspring that have excelled in 
the domain of medicine, science, 
politics and art. 

The Columbian University, stand- 
ing almost without a peer, rises like 
a citadel of knowledge in jurispru- 
dence, medicine, mathematics and 
literature. Her annals are rich, and 
the future will rind her a mighty bul- 
wark for classic lore. 

The National and Howard Uni- 
versities, iu their respective spheres, 
too, are equally representative. 
Other educational institutions en- 
dowed by private and public munifi- 
cence, provided with short courses 
of study to meet the demands of 
this special age, exist here also. 

The opportunities for research in 
every department of human knowl- 
edge that here exist cannot be ex- 
celled in the civilized world. The 
student of diplomatic correspondence 
has access to the library of the 
Department of State of 50,000 vol- 
umes. It might be of interest to 
incidentally remark that here can be 
seen the original draft of the Declara- 
tion of Independence, and the desk 
on which it was written. The 
student of naval affairs can resort 
to the naval library located in one 
of the finest rooms of the State, War, 
and Naval building. The walls are 
panelled in foreign and domestic 
marble, and in the four corners are 
massive bronze symbolic figures 
combined with chandeliers, with an 
artistically designed ceiling of iron 
and glass. The books are kept in 
the alcoves, and number 20,000 vol- 

umes. In the corridor are superb 
models of modern war-ships of the 
navy. The student of military tac- 
tics has access to the war library, 
richly furnished in bronze iron, con- 
taining 20,000 volumes, surrounded 
with other apartments elaborately 
finished in the latest style of deco- 
rative art, containing galleries of 
paintings, and other objects of inter- 
est to the student. 

Who has not learned of the Cor- 
coran Gallery of Art? With its 
vestibule containing busts of Roman 
and Greek celebrities, with its halls 
of antique and modern sculpture and 
gallery of the rennaissance, all com- 
bined, complete the studio for the 
artist, accessible three clays in a 
week. It is impossible in the small 
space allowed to give an adequate 
conception of the Smithsonian In- 
stitute and National Museum, repre- 
senting Columbia as the protectress 
of science and industry, established 
for the increase and diffusion of 
knowledge among men. Her agents 
to-day are found in every quarter of 
the globe, civilized or uncivilized, 
making research and gathering col- 
lections that shall enlarge the realm 
of knowledge. In the wilds of 
Africa to-day the language of the 
monkey is being interpreted. The 
collection of birds and fishes are 
here better exhibited than at any 
other museum in the world. The 
Anthropological Hall is the finest on 
this hemisphere. Almost every 
branch of knowledge can here be 
practically studied. The Depart- 
ment of Metallurgy, Chemistry, 
Physical and Economic Geology, 
Minerals, Arts and Industries, the 
relics of Washington, Jefferson and 
Grant, and collections of the United 
States Exploring Expedition, are 
all accessible to the student. 

The Medical Museum contains 
exhibits of wounds and diseases, a 
court for anatomical purposes, and 
a library of 200,000 volumes, all 
accessible to the student in medica. 

The conservatories of the botanic 
gardens need to be mentioned, and 
finally the Congressional library 
now in course of construction cover- 
ing six acres, in the style of the ren- 
naissance. The main vestibule and 
hall will be the finest in the world. 
The reading-room is in the central 
rotunda, and will open into the book 
repositories, of which there will be 
nine stories within for books, accom- 
modating 8,000,000 books. 

It is but right to declare that 
when the great Lutheran denomina- 
tion transfers their Theological 
Seminary from Gettysburg to Wash- 
ington, ancl the great Methodist 
Church shall have established her 
proposed non-sectarian university, 
and when Congress meets the im- 
perative demand by founding a Na- 



tional University, the crowning act 
in the category, then the American 
Oxford will have reached its con- 

This contribution would not be 
complete unless we supplement it 
with a portion of the speech of Hon. 
John J. Ingalls, delivered at the 
Chautauqua last summer : " Sooner 
or later," said he, "soon, let us hope, 
the aspiration of George Washing- 
ton will be realized and we shall 
have here the great National Uni- 
versity, so that the seeker for truth 
will ho longer be compelled to resort 
to Oxford or Heidelberg to learn 
what the past has to teach, the future 
to hope, to wrest from earth its 
secrets and their mysteries from the 
midnight skies. Attracted hither 
in the ages that are to come great 
multitudes of the ingenuous youth 
of America will find teachers that 
can instruct in every science, how- 
ever recondite or profound, libra- 
ries richer than that of Alexandria, 
museums that will illustrate, and 
every condition of human life and 
society. The artistic sense will be 
gratified by the contemplation of 
magnificent structures whose marble 
halls rise from a wilderness of shade, 
the palaces of the rich and the 
shrines of every faith. The student 
of politics will learn in the halls of 
Congress with how little wisdom the 
world is governed, and how few the 
human ills that legislation can cure. 
The student of law will learn in the 
highest tribunals the rudiments of a 
nobler jurisprudence. The student 
of theology and religion will find for 
every hope a covenant, for every 
creed a sanctury, for every faith a 
shrine, and, above all and beneath 
all, a charity that will be as broad 
as the sky and as deep as the foun- 
dation of the human soul." 

There is an institution established 
in our midst overshadowing intellect- 
uality. The great Catholic Univer- 
sity of Theology, Science and Philo- 
sophy, with its spacious apartments 
and excellent equipments, impresses 
the casual observer with its mission at 
the seat of our government. The 
loyal heart recoils from the utter 
degradation of Catholicism as it is 
here intrenched. This country 
seems destined to become the grand 
theatre of Roman Catholic power, 
and Washington the stage where 
this decryed demon of the faggot and 
the stake shall manacle our legisla- 
tors in order to extend a foreign 
power which mankind has resisted 
in every age, at the edge of the 
sword or the point of the bayonet. 
A university established here, to 
poison the very fountain-head of 
civil and religious liberty, that it 
may permeate the veins of our na- 
tional life ; an institution founded at 
the central shrine of liberty, that an 

imperial city might establish a tem- 
poral throne, that makes man a 
slave, transforms rulers into fiends, 
an active people into drones and a 
country into a great Sahara desert ; 
a seat of learning supplementing the 
initiative step to destroy our free 
public schools, overthrowing our re- 
publican institutions, and establish- 
ing papal supremacy over constitu- 
tional and religious liberty. As we 
walk about her towers and massive 
walls, considering her fortifications 
and equipments, our city of future 
learning becomes overshadowed — 
the present even portentous, and 
the future looms up with the black- 
ness of night. Let us not be de- 
ceived. Romanism is the danger 

With our loose laws of immigra- 
tion, millions of foreign Roman 
Catholics flood this country, and 
direful must be the consequences. 
Gen. Lafayette once said, " If the 
liberties of this republic are de- 
stroyed, it will be by Romanish 
priests." Let us hope that the great 
Catholic University may become so 
thoroughly Americanized as to pro- 
mulgate morality and intellectual 
freedom, and champion civil, politi- 
cal and religious liberty, heralding 
back to Rome the edict that the 
holy father and his throne must for- 
ever remain on the banks of the 

Let us further hope that if the 
constituency of our legislators do 
not demand the exercise of an in- 
vested constitutional prerogative, 
that the gates of Castle Garden may 
be guarded more closely, and our 
country cease to be a brothel for 
Mormons, a receptable for paupers, 
fugitives from justice, and a sluice- 
way to be flooded with non-assimi- 
lating emigrants hailing from the 
hovels of other nations. The Ameri- 
can Oxford in conjunction with all 
Protestant seats of learning will 
then save Americanism from dilu- 
tion, and the body politic from dis- 
integration, by inculcating Ameri- 
can ideas, sentiments and principles, 
making man whoever he be, whence- 
soever he cometh, a lover of intelli- 
gence, morality and liberty. 

Washington, D. O. 


At a meeting of the students held 
in the College Chapel on Thursday 
morning, January 21, the following 
resolutions were unanimously adopt- 
ed on the death of Mrs. Hartman, 
mother of Mr. George K. Hartman, 
a member of the Sophomore class : 

Whekeas, Our merciful and loving 
Heavenly Father has seen fit to take 
to Himself the mother of our fellow 
student, G. K. Hartman. And 

Whereas, Our hearts are filled with 
sympathy for our brother thus sur- 
rounded by the shadows of sore bereave- 

ment in the loss of a devoted parent and 
true Christian counselor. Therefore, 

Resolved, That we recognize in his 
affliction the hand of Him who never 
afflicts but for our profit, extend to him 
our sincers condolence in this hour f 
sorrow, hoping that he may ever place 
his entire trust in God, and so live that 
when the summons comes he may again 
be united with his now sainted mother 
in the home of the blest. 

Resolved, That in the death of this 
pious Christian mother we more fully 
realize that in the midst of life we are in 
death, and thereby we are exhorted to 
lead a pure and noble life. 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolu. 
tions be sent to the bereaved son, our 
fellow student, and that they be pub- 
lished in the College Forum and the 
Annville Journal. 

Minnie Weinman, ) 
Geo. D. Needy, > Com, 
S. C. Huber, ) 

sophomore class. 
Annville, Pa., Jan. 20, 1892. 
Dear Brother Hartman : 

Whereas, God in His infinite wisdom 
has called from the church militant to 
the church triumphant your beloved 
mother ; therefore, be it 

Resolved, That we, the members of 
class of '94 of Lebanon Valley College, 
recognize in the life of your mother a 
noble Christian example, worthy to be 
followed by all, and in her death the i 
ious triumph of the saint through Christ, 

Resolved, That we believe by the death 
of your mother, you have lost your " 
earthly friend. 

Resolved, That we commend you to 
Him who alone can give comfort in a 
tion and bereavement. 

Resolved, That a copy of these res 
tions be sent to our bereaved < 
brother, Mr. G. K. Hartman, also to the 
Annville Journal and College Fokum 
for publication. 

D. S. Eshleman, ) 
Geo. D. Needy, > Com, 
Maggie Strickler, ) 

Some Reasons for His Success. 

Rev. Charles Haddon SpurgeoJ 
as a boy was more fond of boote 
than of play. He revelled in " Pf" 
grim's Progress " and " Robinson 
Crusoe." It is said his admiration 
was excited by firm decision 
character and boldness of addre* 
amongst the good, but these q 
ties were repulsive to him when ' 
for evil. He was a most dilig* 1 * 
student. Studied Latin, Greek ' 
French four years at a school 
Colchester. His life was stri< 
moral. He attended church, pr a |I 
and listened for the Gospel. J" 
first text was, u Unto you therefoj 
who believe, he is precious.' 1 Th|j 
of you who have been reading ™ 
sermons will admit that they 
full of Gospel. No man's serflWJ 
in this century appealed more 
rectly to the great body of ChriS 
people. No man in his indi^ 
work- gathered larger congrega^ 
and held them more steadily i 
had great command over his 


ence and could move the niu lti 
like a flame of consuming fire. 

t«' : 




secret of his wonderful success seems 
to have been clue very largely to his 
sympathetic, sunny and brotherly 
disposition, his humor and read}' 
w it. He was a big-hearted and good 
aa tored man, generous and hospita- 
ble. Associated with these was the 
certainty and consistencj^ of his 
teaching. It was also characterized 
by an extraordinary simplicity of 
expression, directness, vividness, as- 
sisted by homely and apt illustra- 
tions, making beauty out of ugliness. 
His sermons were read everywhere. 
His delivery was easy, perfectly 
natural and unaffected, earnest, but 
iinimpassioned, highly pleasing and 
impressive, but not exemplifying the 
highest form of oratory. His deliv- 
ery and language were suited to the 
day and age in which he spoke. He 
was very near and dear to the hearts 
of people, as was shown by their 
great liberality. He founded in 
support of his work at the Taber- 
nacle the Pastors' college, the Col- 
poratage Association, the Book Fund 
and the Supplementary Pastors' Aid 
Fund. The cause of Christ has lost 
a great, a popular and a devoted ad- 


All communications for this department 
should he addressed to Professor of 
Mathematics, Lebanon Valley 
College, Annville, Pa. 

The Buckeye State has been heard 
from, and the report is good. No. 
86 is solved and neatly too. What 
was the matter with the Pennsyl- 
vania boys? Ohio should not get 
ahead of Penna 

Other problems have been solved 
and solutions are given. We give 
a few interesting problems below ; 
who will solve them ? Everybody 
ls invited to contribute to this de- 
partment solutions or problems. 
No. 86. solutions. 

sh?f tance back is V of distance down 
movtTi 110W if he rows 5 and stream 
and T m es ' he has tllen used one hour 
2 h„« g0ne 8 miles ' which require 
honT? t0 return ' then he has used 3 
feX • aV !"S * of an hour to t™vel dif- 
uc e m distance at 4 miles per hour. 
(V of 8)— 8=4$ mi. 

4f-f-4=l \ or f hours. 
Hence 4*+8+8=20* mi., whole 

distance traveled, 
and rate of rowing=5 mi. per hr. 
rate " walking=4 " " " 
No. 87 Westerville, Ohio. 

One egg=8 oz. beef. 
12 egf. s =36 " " 

36 oz.=2i lbs. 
P lbs. @ i lc . =24 a c . 

24fc.— 20c.=4|c. 

^ggs are therefore cheaper. 

Pleasant Hall, Pa. 

of 32% =28% Sophomores. 
100%— 60% =40% 

No. 89. 

60% ol 40% =24% Juniors. 
32 % +28 % + 24 % =84 % 
100%— 84%=16% Seniors. 

100% =300 Students. 


Annville, Pa. 

22 A. 8 sq. rds.=3600 sq. rds. 
^3600=60 rds., side of field. 

^ £ 4 

J of 3600=1600 sq. rds., not 

1/1600=40 rds. Side of unplowed. 
6 °— 2Q = 10rds.. width plowed. 

10 rds.=165 ft. 
165-v-f=132 rounds. 



2 2 A. 80 rds.=2600 sq. rds. 

^3600=60 rds. Side of field. 

60 rds.=990 feet. Side of field. 
If the plow cut | ot a ft., then in going 
and returning, l° of a ft. ; then to plow 
$ it will make 99 rounds, and to plow £ 
or the whole it will make 99X4 rounds 
or 396, and to plow f of it, it will make 
f of 396 or 220 rounds. 


50—5 =45, 45 2 =2025. 

V4375=66.143+'=distance from 

50 ft. column to statue. 
70-5=65. 65 2 =4225. 
100 2 = 10000— 4225=5775. 

V5775=75.993+'=distance from 
70 ft. column to statue. 
66. 143+ +75. 993+=142. 1 36 += 
distance between columns. 
70—50=20, 20 2 =400. 
142.136+2=20202.642496 + 
40 0+20202.6424 96+=20602.6424964- 
V20602.642496+=143.536+'. Ans. 
Annville, Pa. 


No. 91 

A goes from X to Y, a distance of 25 
miles ; B goes from X to Z and then from 
Z to Y ; if the roads make a right angle 
at Z, if their lengths are as 3 to 4, if the 
rates at which A and B travel are as 
5 to 6, and if A is 5 hours on the road, 
find how long one of them will have 
reached Y before the other gets there ? 
No. 92. 

A bought a farm, and spent in repairs 
8 per cent, of the assessed value, which 
was a f the price he paid for it. He 
then sold it to B for such a sum as to 

clear $1,000 above all expenses, receiving 
$2,000 down, the rest to be paid at the 
end of a month ; but within the month 
B became bankrupt, paying 85 cents on 
the dollar of his indebtedness ; on this 
account A's gain was reduced to $196. 
What did A give for the farm, and what 
did he sell it for? 

No. 93. 

A merchant bought a csrtain number 
of pounds of an article for $12 ; had he 
bought 10 pounds more he would have 
been allowed a discount of 10 per cent, 
on the whole, and the price would then 
have been $18. How many pounds did 
he buy? 


Read our new advertisements. 

We can hardly persuade ourselves 
that the Russian famine is conta- 
gious, yet we verily believe we have 
discovered some very alarming local 

Our street railway strangely an- 
nounces thus its " time-table for 
Avon and Annville and between 

Mr. S. — What would you consider 
the prime object in courting ? 

" Roopy." — Pressing your claim — 
most emphatically, sir. 

Patronize our advertisers. 

With the occasional occurrence of 
"cold snaps," our ladies evince in no 
small degree their persistent determi- 
nation to become proficient in the 
sportive art of skating. Their ef- 
forts are crowned with very encour- 
aging success. 

Says Matthew Paris, an old Eng- 
lish historian : " The case of his- 
torical writers is hard, for if they tell 
the truth they provoke men, and if 
they write what is false they offend 

He who knows not mathematics 
cannot know any other sciences. — 
Rage?' Bacon. 

Like a cold wave, the Chile affair 
blows over before the body of the 
storm reaches us. Chile's popula- 
tion is a little more than one-half 
that of Pennsylvania ; its number of 
public school pupils is less than one- 
tenth that of our State. 

"Love's Captives Freed," an old 
work revised with brief admonitory 
notes, by our mathematical profes- 
sor. Address J. H. M., agent. 

Let the seats in our synagogue be 
assigned in accord with some nobler 
principle than distinction of ancestry 
and personal charm. Answer, Sam- 
uel, "Here am I." 

The late rains (reigns) in this sec- 
tion have sadly flooded some scanty 
dishes. Happily a valiant band of 
rescuers are the students. 

Each of our larger naval vessels 
costs over a million of dollars, and it 
is said that a single discharge of the 
guns of one of our cruisers like the 



Xewark costs the American people 
about three thousand dollars. 

An efficient Board of Health — a 
table on which are spread three good 
meals a day. 

The new Speaker, Charles F. 
Crisp, of Georgia, was born in Shef- 
field, England. His mother was a 
cousin of Charles Dickens, and three 
generations of his immediate ances- 
tors were talented actors. 

The past month has marked an 
era of incredible revival among our 
boys of fond hope in the doubtful 
mustache — hope that had well nigh 
mingled with despair, and even yet 
some thus mournfully soliloquize: 

" To shave it off or not — that's the question. 
Whether 'tis nohler in the mind to suffer 

The slings and arrows of cru-1 taunt, 
Or to take the razor 'gainst these sparse 

And by opposing end them?" 

The New York World has a circu- 
lation of more than 2,500,000. The 
gain in the last year is greater than 
the total circulation of the majority 
of the other New York dailies. 

Wednesday, the 20th ult., marks 
one of the most important dates in 
the chronicles of the current school 
year. It was on this long-to-be- 
remembered day that the " ladies of 
the hall " formally assumed those 
sacred prerogatives which leap year 
so graciously bestows, in a man- 
ner that evinced a most enviable 
tact ; with expressions of such pro- 
vokingly irresistible sweetness they 
proffered their exquisite kindnesses, 
inviting us to a sleigh-ride in the 
evening. " After tea " was the 
appointed time that we so anxiously 
awaited. Then,, truly, our greatest 
expectations were more than real- 
ized, a fact of which a single glance 
at the merry party, as it sped jin- 
gling along, would have been in it- 
self a conviction. From two large 
sleds the students, just comfortably 
tucked, viewed the snow-scape o'er 
'twixt college and Lebanon. After 
thoroughly exciting the curiosity of 
numerous witnesses we returned, 
with many sincere expressions of 
the unalloyed pleasure so kindly 

Of the professors of our various 
departments, by no means the least 
efficient and progressive are those 
in charge of the musical — Misses 
C. G. Eby and M. Ella Moyer. In 
order to secure the most practical 
and best results, the large class 
under their instruction has been 
divided into several divisions, which 
meet frequently for private recital. 
The following is the program ren- 
dered 29th ult. : 

Study, Cramer. 

Miss Lula M. Baker. 

Study, Heller. 

Miss Minnie Weinman. 
Study, Cramer. 

Miss Katie Mumma. 

Vocal Study, 

Miss Bertha Heberly. 

Valse, Chopin. 

Miss Delia Roop. 

Study, Cramer. 

Miss Annie Brightbill. 

Study, i Cramer. 

Miss Florence Brindel. 

Study, Czerny. 

Miss Bertha Heberly. 

Study, Cramer. 

Mr. 8. H. Stein. 


Clioniau Literary Society. 

Virtute et Fide. 

Miss Batdorf is spending a few 
weeks among friends in Philadel- 

We are glad to welcome Miss 
Keedy, of Rohrersville, Md., in the 
society as an active member. She 
is at present remaining as the guest 
of Miss Brightbill. Many pleasant 
remembrances arise as we reflect on 
her prior relations with the society, 
and we are happy to learn that her 
intention is to remain till the close 
of this scholastic term in the pursuit 
of literary work in the society, and 
the study of art. 

Miss Anna Wilson, who has been 
confined to her room for several 
weeks with scarlatina, has recovered. 
It afforded us much pleasure to see 
her in society session January 29. 

Mr. and Mrs. Seltzer visited their 
daughter, Miss Mabel, January 23. 

Miss Florence Brindel has been ill 
the last week, on account of a cold 
contracted while taking a sleigh ride 
which was given by the ladies of the 
Hall for the enjoyment of the board- 
ing students. She has recovered 
sufficiently to enable her to assume 
her studies. 

Miss Mabel Saltzer has suffered 
so seriously from la grippe, that she 
found it necessary to return home 
January 25. 

Miss Maggie Strickler has been 
indisposed, being compelled to 
absent herself from classes three 

Miss Edith Sherrick spent Jan. 
30 in Lebanon, 

Miss Kreider was at Lebanon 
January 29. 

Miss Roop suffered from the effects 
of la grippe. 

The debate for Jan. 29, " Resolved, 
That Respect is due to All Men." 
was discussed with interest to all. 
The visitors hearing the program of 
the evening rendered were the 
Misses Mohns and Miss Mullendore. 

The society accepted an invitation 
extended by the members of the 
Kalozetean Literary Society, to 
attend their regular meeting on 
January 22. AH who attended were 
highly pleased with the exercises. 

Kalozetean Literary Society. 

Palma nun sine Pulvere. 

The work in society during the 
first month of this term has been 
moving along smoothly. The mem. 
bers have faithfully performed their 
duties and it could not be otherwise 
but that a benefit from society has 
been derived by all. 

Rev. W. H. Artz visited his homo 
at Williamstown, Dauphin County, 
Pa., over Sunday, January 17. He 
is now engaged in holding protracted 
meeting at one of his appointments. 

The society had the pleasure of 
entertaining the Clionian Society, in 
regular meeting, January 22d. "The 
following subjects were discussed, 
viz. : " The Hindrances to True 
Greatness," " Books and Reading." 
Question for Debate, Resolved, That 
we are indebted more to the College 
than to the home for our prosperity. 

Mr. A. S. Meyers, a former student 
and member of society, visited 
friends at school over Sunday, Jan. 
31st. Mr. Meyers is at present en- 
gaged " behind the counter " in his 
father's store at Mountville, Pa. 

Mr. G. A. Kindt visited Reading 
on Saturday, January 30th, attend- 
ing a convention of the Young 
Peoples Christian Alliance. He re- 
ports having had an enjoyable trip. 

Following was the programme of 
exercises on Friday evening, Feb- 
ruary 5th : 

Essays, " Indians as American 
Soldiers ;" Address, Review of " Our 
trouble with Chili ;" Address, "Pres- 
ident Harrison's Special Message;" 
Address, " Rev. Charles Spurgeon 
as a preacher." Question for de- 
bate : Resolved, That games of chance 
are degrading. 

Mr. W. E. Schask, a former stu- 
dent and member of society, called 
on friends at L. V. C. on Tuesday 
February 2d. Mr. Schask is at 
present attending Palatinate Col 
lege, Myerstown, Pa. 

Mr. Jno. O. Mohn spent Sunday 
February Tth, pleasantly at his boB> e 
in Reading. 

Philokosniian Literary Society 

" Esse Quam Videri.^ M 

For some years our. society ^ 
been lacking in talent for instr 
mental music; but this deficient) 
has been removed by the debut 9 
the ne plus ultra duet, " Gov." $f 
lace, violinist, and S. C. Hut>«j 
"boneist." They rendered some* 
their choicest selections on the eV<| 
ing of the 29th ult. 

Arthur Hoverter, of Humd* 











the i 
b e a 

a soi 




town, spent the evening of January 
gtb with us. 

The reading room has undergone 
some badly-needed repairs. A new 
lamp has been hung in the centre 
of the room, and a rack for the mag- 
azines and smaller papers fitted to 
the table. The wainscoting and 
papering of the room was also con- 
sidered, but the hope of obtaining 
better quarters has thus far pre- 
vented the committee from taking 
final action. 

The lecture on " Irish Drollery," 
by S. Gilford Nelson, was well at- 
tended. He illustrated many of the 
Irish traits and peculi irities by 
amusing Hibernieisms, and dwelt 
upon much of the suffering and de- 
gradation to which that people is sub- 

One of our boys was very much 
startled several nights ago by his 
chum suddenly yelling out that there 
was a man in their bed. The startled 
student jumped up only to find the 
cause of his scare the exultation of 
his chum, S. C. Huber, who had 
awakened to find himself a man, it 
having been the morning of his 21st 
birthday anniversary. 

H. U. Roop filled the pulpit of 
the U. B. church very acceptably on 
the evening of the 30th ult. He has 
been preaching for a number of the 
neighboring congregations, those of 
Cornwall, Palmyra and Harrisburg, 
to all of which he was very cordially 
invited to return. 

Rev. S. D. Faust, '89, has resigned 
"is position as pastor of the Boas 
street Memorial church, at Harris- 
b «rg, because of throat trouble. 

Blaine's "Twenty Years in Con- 
gress " and Perkins'" Kings of the 
Worm and Pulpit" have been 
term t0 ° Ur librar - y durin g the 

R ev H. M. Miller, of the Union 
urcmt, visited friends here on the 
W inst. 

to the same hour and even the same 
minute. It is on account of this 
peculiarity and the circumstances 
with which it is connected that has 
made these clocks so prominent. 

On the 14th of April, 1865, at 
8:18 p. m., Abraham Lincoln was 
shot in Ford's theatre by John 
Wilkes Booth. At that time as at 
present there was but one man mak- 
ing these signs. When the news 
was learned that Lincoln was shot 
the jeweler for whom the manufac- 
turer was making a sign came into 
my shop and told the news. " Paint 
those hands at the hour Lincoln was 
shot that the deed may never be 
forgotten, he said, pointing to the 
sign, which the manufacturer was 
making for him." He did so ; since 
then every clock that has gone out 
of the factory has been lettered 
the same as that one. 

J ohn R. Wallace went to Ship- 
Pei sburg on the 31st ult. to meet his 

oiner, who had been called there by 
lh e death of her sister. 

Plei' a Eshleman preached to a well 
chur t con g re S«tion at Brightbill's 

31st ii neai ' M ° Unt Pleasant ' on the 

Sunday School Institute. 

At a recent Institute held in this 
place under the auspices of the 
County Sunday School Association, 
interesting addresses were delivered 
by Prof. J. A. Sprenkle, Rev. C. J. 
Kephart and others. The Institute 
was not as well attended as its mer- 
itorious exercises deserved. Among 
those present and participating were 
President Bierman, Mr. Hervin U. 
Roop, and the Rev. Mr. Spavd, of 
our church. 

In many places in Pennsylvania 
the Boards of School Directors have 
taken action against holding open the 
Columbian Exposition at Chicago on 
the Lord's Day. This action is in 
accord with what is going on in re- 
ligious and other circles all over the 
country. In fact, the force of public 
opinion is becoming so strong that 
the belief now obtains that the man- 
agers will be compelled to respect the 
wishes of the people. 


*t Never Gains a Minute. 

the do S ' gn Cl ° ck as H han » s over 
b e a ° r of ever y jeweler seems to 

evervh, 10011 thin » in the minds of 

8 sorm /; yet ifc marks the time of 

°ur on, 1 event in the history of 

" T mai 

th eh ar S J, §ns wi thout noticing~that 
• s of every one of them point 


^g W ft .^ an y people have passed 

Prof. Lanciani's paper on "The Pa- 
geant at Rome in the Year 17 B. C," has 
the foremost place in the Atlantic Monthly 
for February. It is devoted to an ac- 
count of the public games held in Rome 
seventeen years hefore Christ, and insti- 
tuted under the patronage of Augustus, 
the Senate, and the College of the Quin- 
decimviri. Most important evidences of 
these games have been lately discovered 
in Rome ; and these having come under 
Prof. Lanciani's eye, he has reconstructed 
an account of the games and also given a 
description of the importaut discoveries 
lately made, which is of the highest inter- 
est, not only to archaeologists, but to the 
general reader. Writing ot Rome re- 
minds us of Mr. Crawford's second in- 
stallment of " Don Orsino," which gives 
incidentally an idea of the mania for spec- 
ulation and building lately rife in Rome, 
and contains a vivid description of the 
Pope assisting at a service at St. 
Peter's. Another subject, still Italian, is 
"A Venetian Printer-Publisher in the 

Sixteenth Century," the printer-publisher 
in question being Gabriele Giolito, the 
chief of a fh m of printers and booksellers 
who flourished, in Venice during a large 
part of the sixteenth century. Venice is 
also the scene of a charming little sketch 
called "The Descendant of the Doges," 
by Harriet Lewis Bradley. Isabel F. 
Hapgood, who showed us "Count Tol- 
stoy at Home," in a recent number of the 
Atlantic, has an article on "A Journey on 
the Volga," a graphic sketch of Russian 
life. Henrietta Channing Dana discusses 
" What French Girls Study," and gives a 
very sympathetic picture of the life of a 
French school, and the -kind of training 
which French girls receive in it. Prof. 
N. S. Shaler, of Harvard University, a 
Kentuckian by birth, writes with knowl- 
edge on "The Border State Men of the 
Civil War, "an interesting pendent to the 
paper by Prof. Gildersleeve, in the last 
number of the Atlantic. Prof. Gilder- 
sleeve, it will be remembered, decided for 
the Southern cause ; Prof. Shaler, in this 
article, gives his reasons for unhesitating 
fidelity to the Northern side in the civil 
war. Prof. E. P. Evans writes about 
" The Nearness of Animals to Men," and 
Mr. Albert H. Tolman devotes an able 
paper to "Studies in Macbeth." A dis- 
cussion of "The League as a Political 
Ins:rument," and reviews of a dozen or 
more volumes of recent fiction, under the 
title of "The Short Story," complete a 
number well composed, and thoroughly 
worth reading. Published by Houghton, 
Mifflin & Co., Boston. 


The initial article in the New England 
Magazine for February is a beautifully 
illustrated one, dealing with the life and 
work of Corot, the great French painter. 
It is written by his godson, Camille Thur- 
wanger, whose family was intimate with 
the artist and his family for a number of 
years. The article contains data and 
anecdotes of Corot never before made 
public. M. Lamont Brown furnishes a 
tine engraving of " Corot at Work " for 
the frontispiece, and other engravings in 
the body of the article. "Some Letters 
of Wendell Phillips to Lydia Maria 
Child " will recall many memories of the 
great orator. All interested in the mate- 
rial development of New England will 
turn to George A. Rich's article on " The 
Granite Industry in New England," 
which is illustrated by Louis A. Holman 
and J. H. Hatfield. Walter Blackburn 
Harte contributes a critical estimate of 
Walt Whitman's work and genius, and a 
short story of journalistic life called 
"John Par menter's Protege." It has a 
very unexpected denouement, and those 
who have found amusement in Mr. 
Harte's "In a Corner at Dodsley's" will 
read this story with some curiosity. 
Sam. T. Clover writes a clever article on 
" The Prairies aud Coteaus of Dakota." 
It is finely illustrated, and is sprinkled 
throughout with original verse descrip- 
tive of the prairies. Winfleld S. Nevjns's 
valuable series, " Stories of Salem Witch- 
craft," is continued, and the fine illus- 
trations by Jo. II. Hatfield add greatly 
to its attractiveness. Caroline Hazard 
contributes a story, "A Tale of Narra- 
gansett," which is well illustrated by 
H. Martin Beal, and A. E. Brown writes 
another witch story in which there is no 
witchcraft. C. M Lamson writes on the 
"Churches of Worcester." Albert D. 
Smith gives a good idea of the war as 
viewed by those who stayed at home in 
" A Country Boy's Recollections of the 
War." The Omnibus department of 
light, humorous, and social verse is very 
entertaining in fhis number. 



It is comparatively easy to build a 
convenient and spacious house ; the 
requirements are well known, the cost 
is tolerably definite, for a given place 
and time. The problem of merely 
heating a given space is also one of 
moderate difficulty. But ventilation 
is a matter about which a general 
opinion is hardly yet formed, and the 
cost of which is very vaguely known. 
People in general are not yet agreed 
as to what constitutes good ventila- 
tion-^how much fresh air per hour is 


John G. Kreider, 

Manufacturer of the following 
Grades of 

Full Roller Flour 

Anchor, Gold Leaf, White Wonder, Low Grade. 
Also, Dealer in 
Grain, Feed, Seed, Salt, Buckwheat 
and Rye Flour, and Corn Meal. 



Compound Tar Lozenges 

49" Read this good endorsement hy Rev. A. 

Ebenezer, Pa., January 4, 18P2. 
T have much pleasure in recommending 
Dr. Lemberger's Compound Tar Lozenges, 
having used them very frequently during 
the past two years— they have always relieved 
a tickling In the throat and hoarseness. I 
think they are invaluable for Public Speak- 
ers and Singers. (Signed) 

Pastor TJ. B. Church. 
St nt by Mail on Receipt of Price. 

25 Cts. a Box. 5, 10 and 15c. Packages. 


Jos, L Integer's Drug Store, Lebanon, Fa, 


Century Dictionary 

An Encyclopedic Lexicon of the 
English Language, prepared under 
the Superintendence of William 
Dwight Whitney, Ph. D., LL.D., 
Professor of Comparative Philology 
and Sanskrit in Yale University. 

A Pamphlet containing a number of 
specimen pages will be mailed to any 
address on receipt of ten cents in 

C. H. DAYIS, Mgr., 

±©13 .A-rcH Street, 

Philadelphia, JPa. 



0:t establishment is fully equipped with 
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of different qualities of paper, give us un- 
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Orders will receive prompt attention. 


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English Language 

SEPTEMBER, 1891 ; 
In some Departments even later. 

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Lebanon Valley College 

VOL. V. No. 3. 


Whole No. 49. 


H. Clay Deaner, A. M., Professor of Latin. 

E. Benj. Bierman, A. M., President. 
J. E. Lehman, A.M., Professor of Mathematics. 
Miss Sarah M. Sherrick, Ph. B., 

Professor of English Language. 
Rev. J. A. McDermad, A. M., 

Professor of Greek and Natural Science. 
Miss Carrie G. Eby, 

Professor of Piano and Voice. 
Miss Ella Moyer, Professor of Harmony. 
Miss Emma E. Dittmar, Professor of Art. 

Clionian Society— Miss Anna R. Forney. 
Philokosmian Society— D. Albert Kreider. 
Kalozetean Society— Elmer L. Haak. 

Seba C. Htjber, '92. 
Horace W. Crider, '93. 
William H. Kreider, '94. 

H. Clay Deaner. 

All coinnium" cations or items of news 
should be sent to the Editor in Chief. Sub- 
scriptions should be sent to the Publish- 
es Agent. 

THE COLLEGE FOKCM will be sent 
monthly for one school year on receipt of 

enry-fave cents - Subscriptions received at 
a »y time. 

For terms of advertising, address the 
Publishing Agent. 

£ntered at the Post Office at Annville, Pa., 
as second-class mail matter. 


2 DR s Pnng term opens on the 

Sth inst. at 3 p. m. We expect a 

g0( % number of new students to 
Join u s . 

ac ^ ALE University, after the next 
d ° a mical year, will open without 
^motion of sex the graduate 
Ur ses with the degree of doctor of 

Pilll( >S0phy. 

Mother Hiesy, who was well 
""own t 

<*ent many ° f the earlier stu " 
i n *' Was buried on Tuesday morn- 
s' 15th inst. 


Her hand was ever 
y to aid the college, and her 
;e °pen. 

It was a source of unusual joy to 
resume our chapel services, after a 
suspension of three weeks, during 
the frescoing of the Chapel. No 
regular duties have a more lasting 
effect upon the student than are the 
hours of morning prayer, when 
teachers and students together im- 
plore a throne of grace for guidance 
and direction. 

The movement inaugurated at the 
University of Pennsylvania to ex- 
clude wines from class suppers will 
meet the hearty approval of all 
lovers of " eternal fitness " of things 
and will be regarded as a right move 
towards abolishing the recklessness 
which characterize undergraduates 
at these suppers where wines form a 
principal feature. 

How to Popularize a College. 

J. L. KEEDY, '89, A. B. 

Whether it is because the increase 
in the number of students does not 
keep abreast with the increase of the 
number of colleges, or whether it is 
because of the lack of proper manage- 
ment and foresight, it, nevertheless, 
is a fact that many colleges have a 
comparative small number of stu- 
dents. Whether it is because every 
man who has anything to bequeath 
to the cause of education thinks to 
perpetuate his name by founding a 
college rather than by endowing one 
already founded, or whether it is 
because the funds are misapplied, it 
is also a fact that few colleges have 
a large productive endowment. But 
there are some colleges that have 
large numbers of students, to what- 
ever cause it may be due, and also 
there are colleges that receive thous- 
ands of dollars by bequest each year. 
These are the popular colleges. 

Without considering how a col- 
lege may become so popular as to 
become the legatee of bequests more 
or less large, this article shall con- 
cern itself with indicating, in one or 
two lines only, how a college may 
become popular in the other relation 
mentioned, namely : How can a col- 

lege get a large number of students? 

This of course is the question that 
fronts every college. With the small 
struggling college with no endow- 
ment it takes the form : How can 
we get a sufficiently large number of 
students to keep the college alive? 
With large and thrifty colleges : How 
can we increase the large number 
already in attendance ? This is the 
perplexing question, and many solu- 
tions have been offered with good or 
bad results. The writer offers 
another solution which has been 
gained from a careful study of the 
methods of several of the most suc- 
cessful colleges in the country, and 
which will present itself to all as 
reasonable and effective. 

I. Information about the college 
must be diffused. This is funda- 
mental. No young man goes to a 
college without first knowing some- 
thing about it, and something defi- 
nite, it may be added, and the col- 
lege about which he knows the most 
will in most cases be the one to 
which he will go. This being true, 
it must be widely and definitely 
made known that (1) a college exists , 
(2) where it is, what are the sur- 
roundings, such as climate, Christian 
influences, etc.; (3) what kind of 
college, whether normal school, 
academy, ladies' seminary, or college 
proper ; (4) what courses are offered ; 

(5) how are the branches taught, 
what method of instruction is used ; 

(6) how many professors, who they 
are and what are their qualifications, 
etc.; (1) what buildings, laboratories, 
apparatus, library, societies, etc., are 
possessed by the college; (8) what 
arrangements for rooms and board. 
Such information as the above, and 
much more of a like nature, should 
be brought clearly before every 
young person in the sections from 
which students are expected to be 
drawn, whom it is thought can be 
influenced to go to college. The 
result will be that when the time 
comes to choose which college he 
shall attend, his thorough acquaint- 
ance with this particular college will 
lead him to choose it instead of any 
other. Further than this, the knowl- 
edge of college life and work will 
lead many young persons who never 
had any idea of going to college, and 



who never would have gone had they 
not been made to see that by getting 
a college education their chances of 
success in life would be enhanced. 
Many such, most assuredly, would 
be induced to go to college, and to 
that one about which they had the 
most information. Colleges die 
chiefly because they close themselves 
up in their own shells or spin around 
themselves hard and narrow cocoons. 

But all will agree to what has been 
said above ; if a college has any good 
qualities that will make a good im- 
pression when they become known, 
plainly the proper thing to do is to 
spread wide that information. 

2. How shall this information be 
spread wide? This is a harder ques- 
tion and methods are sure to differ. 
The method must depend upon the 
amount of money that can be devoted 
to this purpose, and for colleges that 
have large sums at command the 
question is easily solved. But for a 
college that can devote but a few 
hundred dollars for such a purpose, 
the question becomes a more difficult 

For general information a cata- 
logue answers all purposes. It must 
be written solely for the purpose of 
giving information and no detail 
should be omitted. It is exactby the 
details that many persons want to 
know. It must be both definite and 
complete. Further, it must be at- 
tractive. It must secure for itself a 
perusal on its own merits, for it will 
fall into many hands who will throw 
it aside carelessly, unless it is pleas- 
ing and novel enough to solicit a 

How shall catalogues be circulated, 
judiciously, but in large numbers? 
Wherever there is a prospect of a 
student, or a likelihood of interesting 
some one of influence in the college, 
a catalogue should be sent, and if it 
is complete and attractive it will give 
out the information it contains and 
something be clone toward interesting 
many in the college. This method 
of distribution presupposes that an 
accurate list be made of all persons 
whom responsible parties think can 
be induced under favorable circum- 
stances to go to college or who may 
be interested in the work done there. 
The method of procedure would be 
to send each name on the list a copy 
of the catalogue and then follow it 
with other matter, such as may be 
had at'hand. The trouble with many 
catalogues is that they are written 
not so much to give definite infor- 
mation to those who know nothino- 
of the college as to record certain 
changes which have been made in 
the course. Of course such a cata- 
logue is of no use to any except the 

With a catalogue such as above 
described and circulated as sug- 

gested, while the immediate results 
might not at first be very great, yet 
with the second means of diffusing 
information which every college 
should have, the number of students 
would undoubtedly be very soon 

This second means is the college 
paper. The purpose of the paper 
must be two-fold : it must keep alive 
the interest of the alumni and for- 
mer students, and must contain mat- 
ter which will prevail upon prospec- 
tive students to go to college. Of 
course the former of these objects is 
the most important, for if a college 
can not keep alive the interest of her 
alumni she will lose mightity in in- 
fluence. The college paper must 
take upon itself this task, and hard 
as it may be to do it, yet it must be 
done. The vast importance of this 
will appear from what is said later. 

This paper must be well edited. 
The best man in college must be 
editor, and the corps of assistants 
men of fair ability. The proper 
questions must be treated naturally, 
and the paper kept from running 
into routine. "Does it Pay to go 
to College?" " Our Alumni in Busi- 
ness," " Why a Young Man should 
come to our College," etc., and sub- 
jects of kindred interest must be 
written by students and alumni, and 
accorded a prominent place in the 
paper. These articles may be 
marked and sent to all persons who 
may be influenced by them. The 
paper like the catalogue must have 
an attractive appearance, and must 
have a tone of progressiveness and 

The paper must be well published. 
The publisher be a good business 
man, and must not be given much 
other work if he is to devote much 
time to the paper. The paper must 
be so managed that it keeps out of 
debt; it must run itself. This is 
done in many colleges, while in 
others a large surplus is made each 

The paper must be well distrib- 
uted. No promiscuous and spas- 
modic circulation can bring results. 
The number of copies issued musn 
be large as an aid to the publisher. 

Without a monthly or weekly 
paper a college cannot hope to do 
much in the way of keeping up the 
interest of the alumni. Other things 
demand their attention, and their 
business so absorbs them that they 
but seldom think of the college, but 
if they could have fresh news of the 
college at stated intervals, it cannot 
be questioned but that their interest 
would be retained. 

3. The college life must be live; 
something must be going on ; some- 
thing important must take place. 
Dull monotony must give way to con- 
stant change and variation. Some- 

thing must transpire within the col 
lege community fit for the public 
press, and which will furnish 
jeets of conversation for all those 
who are interested in the college 
The Professors must be popular men- 
one Professorship must be well en! 
dowed and a great man must fill ft 
and the reputation of the colk^ 
made on the one Professorship. Many 
students go to a particular college 
simply because of the fame of a cer- 
tain man in the faculty. Lectures 
must be given by the Professors, and 
these must be such that the men will 
be brought before the public promi. 
nently. Athletics must not be 
slighted. Gj^mnasium training and 
exhibitions must receive attention, 
and glee clubs and quartettes must 
be formed and trained until they can 
appear before large audiences in the 
neighboring towns and cities. So- 
cieties must be encouraged, and re- 
ceptions and balls occasionally held, 
Above all, the college must gain a 
reputation for thorough and honest 

[Note. — The next number will contain 
au article by Mr. Reedy on " How to 
Popularize Lebanon Valley College," it 
which the principles laid down in the 
present discussion will be specifically ap- 
plied.— Ed.] 

Our Beautiful Chapel. 

About the middle of Februarys 
plan was set on foot to have 
chapel frescoed. A meeting ws 
called of the students, and the fol- 
lowing committee appointed : Misses 
Elvire Stehman, Maggie Strickle: 
and Anna Brightbill, and Messrs 
David Gr. Kreider, Seba C. Huber, 
Harry Yohn, Horace C rider, George 
D. Needy and D. Newton Scott. 

The matter was left in the 
of the committee, who prompt 
acted and received the full su{ 
of the faculty and students. 

It took hard physical labor 
not a little of it to get the boards 
the chapel and scaffold made, W 
willing hands were offered. A 
could not work, but their pr 
gave inspiration and lightened ^ 
work. Eagerly was the work waf 
ed from first to last. It was an 
novation to good work, but all f 
that the grand completion moret 
compensated for it. On the 2d i"" 
the work was completed and P 
sents a most handsome appears" 
The ceiling is sky blue in the cen^ 
and decorated very beautifully* 1 , 
a border and ornamental 
The scrolls and emblems of ^ 
societies, the Y. W. C. A. and i 
C. A. and Class of '92 form a nfllt 

the decorations. As you sta n ° 
the rostrum facing east the etf"! 
to the right is a crown, an 
branch and a torch resting o» t 
eral books, the whole support^ 










i ribbon upon which are the words 
u palma non sine pulvere," the motto 
of the Kalozetean Literary Society. 

To your left is a shield, the em- 
blem of the Philokosmian Literary 
Society, upon which is " Esse quam 

In the centre to the right is an 
open book with a spray of myrtle and 
the motto of the class of '92, " Carpe 

To the left a scroll and a horn, 
emblematic of the Muse Clio, pre- 
siding over history, arts and music. 
Upon the scroll is Virtute et Fide, 
the motto of the Clionian Literary 

Over the gallery to the right is a 
star with an open hand in the centre, 
the emblem of the Y. M. C. A. 

To the left is the monogram of Y. 
W. C. A. 

The sides are plain with a frieze 
and a neat border in blue and old 
gold, and with a border near the 

The recess is very beautifully and 
appropriately ornamented. 

The words in Latin, " Wisdom is 
Better than Rubies," proclaim to all 
the value of Christian learning, and 
sets forth the mission of the college 
to bestow upon all who enter her 
halls that which is without price, 
and is better than gold and silver. 

The centre ornament is in the 
shape of a heart, with the idea of 
"Keep thy heart with all diligence, 
for out of it are the issues of life." 

Within this ornament are the 
helmet of Minerva, her shield and 
spear, on either side of which are the 
owl and the globe. Below the orna- 
ment are the words, " The Class of 

We congratulate the students on 
so successfully completing this noble 
Project. Other improvements will 
follow in the near future. 

The students are preparing a 
wama, "Bread upon the Waters," 
proceeds of which are to be used 
111 Painting the chapel. 

Class '92. 

As the closing term of our col- 
&® course draws near each suc- 
f , ing week brings new and in- 
cased pleasures. 

the^ m ' day evening, February 20th, 
g class, accompanied by President 
ernian and wife, attended a sur- 
v . 1Se party at Meyerstown, Pa., 

hon bj Mr ' and Mrs - Haak in 
thit°!i ° f tlleir son ' Elmer, who on 
tethd y celebrated his twenty -first 
g e ay - After partaking of a gor- 

behaif 8U ? per ' Mn D ' A ' Kreider ' on 
Haak ° f c ^ ass 5 presented Mr. 

with a set of books, entitled 
for o S wi th Best Authors," and 
g ra V , • H iiber made some con- 
latory remarks. Music, games 

and charades made up the remainder 
of the evening's programme. 

The following Thursday evening, 
February 25th, the cla§s was enter- 
tained by Mr. D. A. Kreider, at his 
home on College Avenue. Time 
passed so rapidty and so pleasantly 
while engaging in various parlor 
games, and in partaking of the ele- 
gant refreshments served, that it was 
with a mingled feeling of surprise 
and sorrow that we discovered the 
time of the preceptress' limit had 

March 3d was also a "gala day." 
On the evening of that day the class 
took dinner with Miss Anna Bright- 
bill. The large and spacious parlor 
and dining room, and also the front 
porch, were beautifully illuminated 
by electric lights, prepared espe- 
cially for the occasion ; the first in 
Annville. At 1 o'clock the class, 
eighteen in number, President Bier- 
man and wife, and Mr. and Mrs. 
Brightbill, seated themselves at the 
table, where, for two hours and a 
quarter, they partook of the luxur- 
ious repast prepared. Toasts were 
responded to by President Bierman, 
Messrs. H. B. Roop, D. A. Kreider, 
S. C. Huber, H. TJ. Roop, J. D. 
Rice and J. M. Herr. After dinner 
some excellent music was rendered 
and various parlor games engaged in. 

Thus three more happy occasions 
have been added to the long list 
which shall ever be remembered with 
pleasure by the members of '92. 

The Pennsylvania Chautauqua. 

The people of Pennsylvania, and 
particularly those living within easy 
reach of Mt. Gretna, are to be con- 
gratulated on the literary and edu- 
cational treat in store for them dur- 
ing the Assembly, from the 12th to 
the 28th of J uly. No more attrac- 
tive spot than Mt. Gretna could 
have been selected for a summer 
school; and the Chautauqua grounds 
— to be beautified with artistic cot- 
tages, halls of philosophy and music, 
a large auditorium and hotel — lo- 
cated on an elevation overlooking 
Lake Conewago and the encamp- 
ment grounds beyond, seem indeed 
to be the choicest of the many 
charming points on this mountain 

The various committees are hard 
at work placing all things in proper 
shape for the opening day. It is 
expected to have ample accommoda- 
tion on the grounds for at least one 
thousand visitors who may desire to 
remain with the assembly, either a 
few days or throughout the entire 

The programme is at present be- 
ing arranged as rapidly as the de- 
sired talent can be secured. Every 
assembly da}' will offer three popu- 

lar entertainments. The first from 
10:30 a. m. to 12 at noon, the second 
from 4 to 5 p. m., and the third from 
8 to 10 in the evening. The hours 
from 8:30 to 10:30 in the forenoon 
and 2 to 4 in the afternoon will be 
devoted to class work, where in- 
struction will be given in Pedagog- 
ics, Biblical Science (Old and New 
Testament), Natural History, Eco- 
nomics, History, Languages, Music, 
Art, Literature, Typewriting, etc. 
The Chautauqua is very fortunate in 
securing the hearty cooperation of 
the American Institute of Sacred 
Literature, with Dr. Wm. Harper as 
dean and Prof. Weidner as instruc- 
tor. Some of the other prominent 
instructors and lecturers thus far 
engaged are Dr. Young, of Prince- 
ton, on Astronomy, Dr. Warfield, 
President of Lafayette College, Dr. 
Clarke Robinson, of Durham Uni- 
versit}' - , Dr. Grandison (colored ora- 
tor), Peter von Finkelstein Mam- 
reov, a native of Jerusalem, and 
Jahn DeWitt Miller. Other lectu- 
rers and musical talent are being 
added to the list. 

The special days, such as G. A. 
R., Indian, Young Peoples', Music, 
etc., will be made as instructive and 
attractive as possible. 

A small admittance fee "will be 
chai'ged to all public events, while 
stockholders receive a benefit of 
forty per cent, discount. 

The official organ, Christian Cul- 
ture, expected to appear in a few 
days, will contain a full description 
of the whole Chautauqua movement, 
and anyone interested in the project 
will do well to secure a copy by ap- 
plying to H. B. Cochran, Lancaster, 

Our Normal. 

Lebanon Valley College has again 
made all the necessary arrangements 
to furnish superior advantages to 
teachers and those preparing for the 
profession of teaching during the 
coming spring term. 

These advantages will consist of 
instruction in all the branches named 
on the Teacher's Certificate by skill- 
ful teachers, and lectures on Methods 
of Teaching, The Organization of a 
School, Classification, The Art of 
Questioning, etc., etc., by Co. Supt. 
J. W. Snoke, Hon. Henry Houck, 
Dep. State Supt. of Public Schools, 
and others eminent in the profession. 


The class will be organized on 
Monday morning, April 4. 1892, at 
9 o'clock, and will continue in ses- 
sion for ten successive weeks. 


The chief aim of those having this 
work in hand will be two-fold; first, 
to prepare the teacher to pass a 
creditable examination, and sec- 



ondly, and more especially, to fit 
him to do efficient and successful 
work in the school room. 


Regular tuition for ten weeks, $8.00 
Boarding, (five days,) a week, 2.75 


A vocal class will be organized 
and the elements of music taught. 
A class beginning in Latin -will also 
be organized. 


The Normal student will here 
have all the advantages connected 
with a well-equipped college, viz.: 
Library, Museum, Reading Room, 
Gymnasium and Literary Societies ; 
and being surrounded by the atmos- 
phere of college influence he cannot 
fail to have his scope of vision wid- 
ened and his zeal for higher attain- 
ments in knowledge quickened. 

For further information apply to 
President of the College. 

Junior Rhetorical. 

The second division of Professor 
Deaner's rhetorical class held a pub- 
lic meeting on Saturday evening, the 
12th inst. An unusually large and 
appreciative audience greeted them. 
The entire program was rendered 
with good effect, and all acquitted 
themselves well. 

The following was the program : 

Duet — Roses de Bohme, Kowlaski. 

Miss Ellen Saylor and Mr. S. H. Stein. 


Solo— Impromptu Mazurka, Bohm. 

Miss Elvire Stebman. 
Essay—One has only to Die to be Praised 

Miss Anna Wilson. 
Oration — Fiction as a Means of Inculcat- 
ing Truth, Miss Lula Baker. 

Vocal Solo— Dreams, Strelezki. 

Horace W. Crider. 
Oration— Outlook of '92, . .D. G. Kreider. 
Essay— The Aftermath, 

Miss Sallie Kreider. 
Oration— True Courage, S. P. Bacastow, 

Solo— Minuetto, Schubert. 

Miss Katie Mumma. 
Oration — Woman's Mission, 

Miss Elvire Stehman. 
Oration — Education in the South, 
J. L. Meyer. 

Quartet— Lullaby, Brahms. 

Misses Katie Mumma and Delia Roop 
Messrs. H. W. Crider and S. H. Stein 

Mt. Gretna Campmeeting. 

The TJ. B. Campmeeting at Mt. 
Gretna, August 2-12, 1892, promises 
to be an instructive and highly edi- 
fying one. The lease has been signed 
by Mr. Coleman, President of the 
Cornwall and Lebanon Railroad. 

Prof. J. E. Lehman was elected 
to take charge of the musical depart- 
ment of the campmeeting, and Prof. 
H. Clay Deaner was elected instruc- 
tor of the Bible Normal TJuion de- 

Rev. A. R. Myers has charge of 
the Y. P. C. U. department. 

Bishops Weaver, Kephart and 
Castle will be present during the 
campmeeting. Rev. J. P. Landis, 
D. D., Ph. D., of Union Biblical 
Seminary, Dayton, Ohio, has con- 
sented to be present on Young Peo- 
ples' Christian Union Day. 

Seventy-five lots have alread}^ 
been sold. 

Our Exchanges. 

The columns of the Muhleriburg 
are always filled with excellent read- 
ing matter. The February number 
contains an excellent article entitled 
" The Fraternity's Place in College 
Society," from which we copy the 
following : " It is only the great- 
hearted who can become true friends. 
And these need no Fraternity to tell 
them who they shall love, and who 
they shall aid, and to whom they 
shall' be true. The brotherhood of 
any oath-bound order is not a brother- 
hood of humanity, but of sect. The 
whole college constitutes a Christian 
family, and is the brotherhood in 
which both friendship, companion- 
ship and love are to flourish." 

Some men fly as eagles, but when 
they come down to you they are 
nothing but buzzards. — People's Ed- 
ucational Monthly. 

The Mercersburg College Monthly 
comes to us regularly. Its columns 
are always filled with interesting and 
instructive reading matter. 

We acknowledge with pleasure the 
following other exchanges : The 
Busy Gleaner, New Cumberland, 
Pa. ; College Herald, Dakota, 111. ; 
Hartzville College Index, Hartzville, 
Ind.; College Student, Lancaster, 
Pa. ; Ossarist, Findlay, Ohio ; Col- 
lege .Mm, New Haven, Conn.; Otter- 
bein uEgis, Westerville, Ohio ; Hes- 
perus, Denver, Col. ; Institute Record, 
Towanda, Pa. ; Living Stone, Salis- 
bury, N. C. ; Conference Record, 
Fostoria, Ohio ; Conference Journal, 
Scottdale, Pa. ; Conference Herald, 
Lebanon, Pa.; The Intelligencer, 
Westfield, Ohio. 


'72, Rev. J. W. Etter, D. D., Editor 
of the Quarterly Review, and Pro- 
fessor in Union Biblical Seminary, 
is severely afflicted with laryngitis. 
He has been compelled to cancel all 
his engagements for the coming 

'76, Rev. I. H. Albright, at the 
recent, meeting of the Pennsylvania 
Conference, was re-elected Presiding 
Elder. 6 

'77, George W. Hursh, M. D., is 
building up quite a lucrative practice 
in the suburban town of Chicago. 

'78, Rev. C. A. Burtner, A. M., of 
York, Pa., has recently built the 
most convenient U. B. Church in the 
Pennsylvania Conference. 

'81, Mrs. Ella Smith Light, whose 

health has been poor for some tim e 
is convalescing. 

'85, Rev. J. Allen Lyter, A. M. f 
Mountville, Pa., is editor of the Y 
P. C. U. Department of the " Con! 
ference Herold," of East Pennsyl. 
vania Conference. 

'89, Prof. Edward E. Keedy, l 
B., Principal of Rohrersville, Md 
High School, has received an appoint.' 
ment in Maryland Conference. 

'84, W. J. Baltzell, now located in 
Reading, Pa., where he has fitted up 
a fine music studio, making a 
specialty of voice culture, is train- 
ing a boy choir for Christ's Episcopal 
Church, Pottstown, Pa., 18 miles 
from Reading, where he will be 
organist and choir master when the 
boys are ready for church work, 
returned from London, Eng., last 
August ; was there about ten months, 
studying music; giving attentions 
singing, to musical composition and 
conducting, pipe organ and boy choir 
training, and piano. In composition, 
conducting and kindred theoretical 
work he studied with Prof. J. Fred- 
erick Bridge, Mus. Doc, Organist of 
Westminster Abbey, and one of 
England's famous organists, teachers 
and composers, in instrumental work 
and choir training; was with Mr. F, 
T. Lowden, of Trinity College, 
organist of Christ Church, WoburD 
Sq., W. C, London, and an assistant 
to Prof. Bridge, at the Abbey; 
charge of the solo boys, acting as 
assistant choir master in the church 
named above ; in singing was with 
Mr. Wm. Shakespeare and his prin- 
cipal assistant, Mr. W. F. Packer.of 
the Royal College of Music. 

Mr. Baltzel is arranging to tab 
the examination for the degree oi 
Bachelor of Music, at the University 
of Pennsylvania, under Dr. H 
Clarke, Professor in Music in the 

We wish him professional ^ 
financial success. 

'78, Rev. H. B. Dohner, P. j 
held communion services in °°' 
church here on the 13th inst. W 
Monday morning he conduct 
chapel services and addressed $ 


G. K. Hartman, '94, spent 
13th inst. at his home. 

Mrs. Dr. Coover, of Kansas 
Mo., attended chapel on the 

Mrs. Deaner spent a week 
Reading visiting Dr. Georg e 

H. B. Roop visited Reading 
the 11th inst. in the interest 8 
The Forum. 

0. E. Good, '94, who was anj| 
to attend classes because of a 
cold, is at his post. 







le ge 


a 8tr< 






e tu; 



, of 


' a 



Miss Sherrick delivered the an- 
nual address before the Women's 
Missionary Society of the Maryland 
Conference, at Walkersville, on the 
13th inst. 

W. 0. Baker, of Keedysville, Md., 
gave his daughter, Lula, a pleasant 
surprise on the 8th. He expressed 
himself as highly delighted with the 
many marked improvements 

Prof. Lehman and the class in 
Natural Phildsophy visited the Elec- 
tric Light Works at Lebanon on the 
8th inst. They also visited the car- 
house of the Electric Street Rail- 
road, and had explained the motive 
power of the cars. [In the discus- 
sion that followed an attempt was 
made to define electricity, when one 
of the number said he could not, 
but he could love.] 


If your subscription has expired, 
renew it. 

An anomaly—The student devi- 
ating from rules. 

Modern synonynis— " Elevation of 
Woman " and " Woman Suffrage."' 

Boston has a woman undertaker. 
What will she not undertake ? 

The students of Princeton have or- 
ganized a cooperative boarding club. 

The man just getting over a spree 
is generally a strong advocate of "in- 
ternal improvement." 

Facts hard for our ladies to recon- 
cile—Restrictive regulations and the 
approach of spring. 

Feeling is a state, and must not be 
disturbed ; thought is a process, and 
hves by motion.— Hill. 

To the reading-room board are due 
thanks and congratulations for the 
grand work they have just com- 

Pennsylvania is the first State to 
respond to the call of famished 
Russia. The Indiana left Philadel- 
phia the 22d ult. 

in accord with the accepted con- 
, 10 " s ( of a $30,000 endowment, a 
^y, Miss Alice Fletcher, will fill the 
Qair of Archeology i n Harvard Col- 
c ge. 

"H?ih fl^ late Charles H - Spurgeon : 
to J* tying ancl fine language seems 
.roe wicked when souls are perish- 

nbl h ? la te importation of the ter- 

a Bh. JP hus fever malady should be 

Ban t„ g plea for the mos t careful 

the A t( \ Vm husband is derived from 
mean;" 8 Saxon words hus and bond, 
si<Jfi ng b °nd of the house. How 
y cant is the etymology! 

Klenfc re hy Rev - G ' Mun T 
Until th' q • had been Postponed 
ce Ss ® 3cl ln st., was a complete suc- 
^tiirZ • 0re strongly intrench the 
fri end m the good opinion of his 

"Bill Nye" (Edgar Wilson Nye) 
has received during one year as high 
as $10,000 from his connection with 
various newspapers, and $30,000 as 
his profits from the lecture field. 

"Man," says Hunt, "a creation 
endued with mighty faculties, but a 
mystery to himself, stands in the 
midst of a wonderful world ; and an 
infinite variety of phenomena arise 
around him in strange form and mag- 
ical disposition like the phantasma of 
a restless night." 

The word Texas, it is said, finds its 
origin in a corruption of the last two 
words of the following couplet, re- 
peated by the earlier emigrants to 
that State : 
When every other land rejects us, 
This is the soil that freely takes ns. 
The first newspaper was the Paris 
Gazette, published in 1622. 

A French company, it is said, will 
open the first railroad in the Holy 
Land next spring. It is a short line 
extending from Joppa to Jerusalem, 
and its principal object is the accom- 
modation of the 4,000 tourists who 
annually arrive at Joppa en route for 
the Holy City. 

After a reluctant, but necessary, 
suspension of the chapel services for 
three weeks, the students were re- 
joiced to resume the old order of ex- 
ercises on Monday, the 7th inst. 
During these weeks the students, 
through the earnest labors of their 
committee, have had the old blue 
walls tastefully frescoed. They are 
now preparing a drama in the inter- 
est of the windows and pews, as they 
need painting. Who will be the first 
to send in aid voluntarily ? 

Sidney A. Kent, a brother of A, 
E. Kent, who gave the Kent Labor- 
atory to Yale, has given $750,000 to 
the Chicago University for a chemi- 
cal laboratory, which will be the 
largest and best equipped in the 
country. Professor Rauson of Johns- 
Hopkins University is in Chicago 
assisting in drawing up the plans. 
The Parker Club, of Chicago, is con- 
templating erecting an electrical la- 
boratory on the campus. 


Clionian Literary Society. 

Virtute et Fide. 


Miss Delia Roop visited the Misses 
Backenstoe, of Union Deposit, former 
members of the societv, on February 
5th. " 

Miss Stehman made a brief visit 
to Lebanon, February 6th, for the 
purpose of procuring a new design 
for an emblem with the society motto 
upon it, to be transferred upon the 
chapel ceiling which has been painted. 
At a meeting of the C. L. S., her 
report was found unsatisfactory to 
the majority; so' that the society 

profited by accepting a design pre- 
sented b\ T the artist, who very kindly 
drew a model, representing a scroll, 
containing the society motto, Virtute 
et Fide, and in the rear may be 
noticed a clarion with both ends pro- 
jecting beyond the scroll. The 
members of the C. L. S., considering 
it an appropriate and very beautiful 
emblem, by vote decided to discard 
the old society badge and adopt the 
new. We are pleased to learn that 
it has met with general approbation 
among those not connected with the 

Misses Naomi Mohn and Mullen- 
dore were admitted as active mem- 
bers of the society, February 12th. 

M iss Shenk spent a very pleasant 
week with her brother, Dr. Shenk, of 

Misses Baker, Strickler, Rice, 
Keedy,Brightbill, Shenk and Kreider 
were among the members of the 
society who attended the University 
Extension lectures at Lebanon. 

Misses Mumma, Stehman and 
Brindel attended the musical enter- 
tainment at Lebanon, given by Nellie 
Stevens. They "were exceedingly 
well pleased with her brilliant execu- 
tion as a pianist. 

M iss Sallie Saylor called on friends 
at Harrisburg, February 29th. 

Miss Bertha Mumma has been 
taken ill, at her home, in Hummels- 
town, although we hope not seriously. 

The Clios of the Senior class very 
pleasantly spent the evening of the 
25th inst., at the home of Miss Jose- 
phine and Mr. D. Albert Kreider. 

In response to the kind invitation 
extended to the class '92, by Miss 
Brightbill, to be present at a 7 
o'clock dinner at her home on Wed- 
nesday, March 2d, the class unani- 
mously agreed to accept the invita- 
tion with thanks. 

Miss Esther Mohn has been pro- 
posed as a member of the society, 
February 12th. 

The evening of the 19th ult. was 
devoted to the holding of the joint 
session of the Clios and Philos in 
the hall of the former, which proved 
to have been a decided success in 
every respect. We hope all future 
efforts in this direction may be char- 
acterized by this same excellent 

Mr. H. J. Roop visited his 
daughter, Miss Delia, February 24th. 

Miss Snyder, of Uniontown, 
Dauphin county, visited the Misses 
Mohn on the 20th inst. 

The society had the pleasure of 
entertaining the members of the 
Kalozetean Literary Society, Feb- 
ruary 26th, and also Mr. Artz, an ex- 
member of the same society. The 
debate of the evening — Resolved, 
That the inventive genius of woman 
is greater than that of man, was 
decided in favor of the affirmative. 



Kalozetean Literary Society. 

Palma nun sine Pulvere. 

Needy were 
of Lebanon, 
March 5th. 

The society having been invited 
to visit the Clionian Society on 
February 26th, with pleasure was 
the invitation accepted, and the 
evening pleasantly and profitably 

Rev. W. H. Artz, who has been 
absent from school and its duties 
during the term, called on friends at 
college recently. We are glad to 
state that Rev. Artz is meeting with 
success in his field of labor, and 
that he intends attending school 
during the spring term. 

The Basket Social, given for the 
benefit of beautifying the chapel, was 
enjoyed by all the K. L. S. boys. 
Messrs. J. 0. Mohn and G. 1). 

present at the Silver 
of G. A. R. Post, 
on Saturday evening, 
They report having 
had a pleasant time, the exercises 
being both interesting and profit- 

The following was the programme 
rendered on Friday evening March 
4th: Address, "The Origin of 
Words; essay, "Kind Words;" ad- 
dress, " The Blaine Divorce;" de- 
bate, " Resolved, That the various 
State Legislatures should Institute 
Measures to Annul the Philadelphia 
and Reading Railroad Deal." 

The writer was agreeably sur- 
prised by a visit of his classmates 
(class '92), also President Bierman 
and wife, on Saturday evening, Feb- 
ruary 21st, at his home at Myers- 
town, it being his twenty-first birth- 
day. The following appeared in a 
recent issue of the Lebanon Times — 
he is a voter now : 

" Mr. Elmer Haak arrived at the 
twenty-first milestone of his exist- 
ence last Saturday evening, and sig- 
nalized the event by giving a fine 
social party to his personal friends, 
including his class at Lebanon Yal- 
lev College, who were present in a 

We are anxiously looking forward 
to the spring term, as several former 
members have signified their inten- 
tion of attending school during said 

The time for the Kalozetean anni- 
versary is rapidly approaching, for 
which preparations have been and are 
being made. 

Among those who have lately 
enjoyed the pleasure and improved 
the opportunities, offered by the 
Electric Street Railway, for visiting 
Lebanon, we find the names of 
Messrs. Yohn, Needy, Mohn and 
Scott, very prominent. 

The society compliments itself 
upon the adoption of the emblem 
that appears upon the ceiling of the 

College Chapel. There was a long 
felt want of a suitable emblem that 
would represent the object for which 
the society was organized and indi- 
cate the work she is now doing. 
As it often occurs, necessity was 
the mother of invention. When 
there was a call for the various so- 
cieties to place their emblems upon 
the ceiling, several members of the 
society, with the kindly aid of 
Prof. J. A. McDermad, brought 
forth the present design, namely, a 
golden crown, the highest reward of 
the Greeks, pierced by a flaming 
torch, indicating that the society 
has light and is disseminating it 
abroad ; upon one side of the crown 
is a spray of myrtle, the emblem of 
learning among the Romans ; upon 
the other an olive branch, represent- 
ing among the Creeks what the 
myrtle represented among the Ro- 
mans. Beneath the crown are three 
books, two closed, the other opened, 
being a simple index of the way 
through which one must pass to 
achieve any of the former, entwined 
with a streamer proclaiming the So- 
ciety motto, Palma non sine Pulvere. 

Philokosiniaii Literary Society. 

Esse Quam Videri.'" 1 

The P. L. S., no less than its indi- 
vidual members, has taken much 
interest in the frescoing of the chapel, 
and has appropriated five dollars 
towards the project, in recognition 
of which its escutcheon has been 
painted on the northwest corner of 
the ceiling. 

The society was fortunate in re- 
cently electing a very active Read- 
ing Room Board. They have - wain- 
scoted, papered and painted the room 
which, with the neat new matting 
presented by M. E. Brightbill, of 
Annville, an ex-member, makes a 
very cozy appearance. 

G. K. Hartman returned on the 
12th ult. He had the pleasure of a 
visit from his father on the 1st inst. 

H. W. Crider spent Sunday, the 
28th, at his home in York, where 
the East Pennsjdvania Conference 
was then in session. 

A number of our members enjoyed 
a very pleasant leap year sociable 
held in the Town Half on the 29th, 
by the ladies of Annviile. 

Oscar L. Yon Neida, of Ephrata, 
Pa., an ex-member, paid us a pleasant 
call on the evening of the 27th. 

One of the most interesting debates 
we have had for some time, was the 
one on February 4th — Resolved, That 
the educational interests of the South 
are more progressive than those of 
the North — in which the various 
educational ideas of the North and 
South were brought out and con- 
trasted in a very interesting and 

instructive manner. It was skillfully 
contested on both sides, and decided 
in favor of the affirmative ! On this 
occasion we were pleased to have 
with us Miss Emma Grittinger, of 
Cornwall, and Miss Kreider, of town. 

As an expression of our gratitude 
for the generous labors of Prof, 
Deaner in behalf of the Forum, the 
society on the evening of the 21th 
presented him with Webster's New 
International Dictionary. The Pro. 
fessor, although taken by surprise, 
made a very pleasant and grateful 
reply to Mr. Ruber's presentation. 

The second conjoint meeting of the 
C. L. S. and P. L. S. was held on 
February 19th. It is with no small 
degree of satisfaction that we note 
the success which has attended both 
of these meetings and which is even 
greater than anyone expected. The 
programme consisted of interesting 
and well-prepared literary perform- 
ances combined with excellent music. 
The participation in these exercises 
by the ladies and gentleman seems 
an impetus to greater effort. Those 
who feared the outcome of these 
meetings are convinced that their 
objections were imaginary and that 
a society of mixed sex would be 
conducive of the best results. 

The officers have again been con- 
stituted a committee to arrange for 
a future session. 

The Clionians have been invited 
to meet with us on the 1st of April. 

Judge McPherson, of Lebanon, 
was elected to honorary membership 
on the 4th inst. 

The lecture by Rev. Klepfer, oa 
the " Mistakes of the Devil," 
delivered on March 3d. After ex- 
plaining his design of presenting no 
arguments as to the existence of* 
God, and expressing his opinion that 
truth is not so much in need of defend 
as of publication, the lecturer 
the following as the " mistakes:" Oj 
the one which made him the dew 
sinning against truth ; (2) deceive 
woman, thereby making her «* 
enemy; (3; trying to convince $ 
world that there is no God. OtbJ 
" mistakes," those of his proplM* 9 * 
as to the fall of the church, **J 
omitted on account of the darr>p n f. 
of the hall, the washing-out of ^ 
on the day of the lecture was nec 
sitated by the frescoer's delay. 

Wm. H. Richer, Harrisburg. 
the 3d attended the lecture by 

The spirit of the great 
animates the truly great of eartDj 
the commonest duties of life bec°^ 
noble by association ; and » 
counsel, sound wisdom, and ^ 
performed perpetuate to genera 11 ' 
unborn the spirit of the perfect f 


























dev ( 



tiv e 



s mal 

°f, r 
nea r 
Mic h 
<ler ■ 




Hints on the Study of Geography. 

Perhaps -a hint as to how the taste 
for map-study maybe developed will 
be acceptable. Begin with a map of 
your own region, on which the 
'heights as well as the horizontal di- 
mensions are portrayed. At any 
rate, you can command such a map 
of the United States. Study it, 
measure it, master it, till with the 
eyes shut you can see the structure 
of this great territory. But in many 
parts of this country it is also easy 
to command good local topographical 
maps. The United States Geolog-' 
ical Survey, aided by some of the 
state governments, supplemented 
sometimes by private enterprise, is 
gradually publishing accurate maps 
of limited areas. As the sheets are 
completed, they may be obtained by 
the public. Lot a student take any 
trustworthy map of a district that 
he knows ; let him be sure that he 
understands the signs and symbols 
employed in its construction (for 
maps have their own diverse lan- 
guages, like books and people) ; 
next let him compare the counterfeit 
presentment with the original, the 
picture with the reality; then let 
him make a scale of measurements 
vertical and horizontal, of heights 
and distances with which he is famil- 
iar. He will thus become a posses 
sor of what maybe called a private 
measuring rod, a standard to which 
he ean refer all other geographical 
data. He will hold a key by which 
he can unlock the topographical mys- 
teries of unseen lands. The habit 
wjll grow by its exercise. The com- 
parative method of study— one of 
jhe great contributions of modern 
«mes to the advancement of knowl- 
edge—win come into play. Not 
01 »y the great continental areas, as 
*&s stated at the beginning, but 
J y ery historical land will be found to 
JjJ*e its individual characteristics, 
^'ch have influenced, if they have 
n °t controlled, the events that have 
J^nspu-ed within their limits. His- 
h a S ant ? geography, like the right 
y n a and the left, will work together. 
tkrlh* 11 Sh ° W 118 how Physical bar- 
ual S f e been overcome by spirit- 

hay i 1 " 0655 ' and how spiritual forces 
<Wi now res trained and now 
. ,^°Ped by the laws of the mater- 
fa l 01 '^' The -y will show us how 

mankind has fulfilled the primi- 
and a°!T and to replenish the earth 

^bdue it._ The Chautauquan. 

cloth and ashes over it;, hred to 
teach a school for two monthi, with 
the understanding that ii she 
gave satisfaction she should have 
the school for the succeeding 
term of three months. The tocher 
is a fine one, an excellent ;oung 
lady, and gave good satisfaction! 
But when the time came o re 
new the contract, Mr. " Little- 
breeches," the school officer sent 
word— he dare not come— tint he 
could get a teacher for twenty-five 
cents per month less, and sc had 
concluded not to contract witi the 
one who had been teaching the 
school. No. 1 felt it keenly, bit as 
she had made no provision foi any 
other school, and as sevent/-five 
cents for the term did not sut a 
great figure with her, she replied 
that she would teach for the lame. 
No. 2 then dropped twenty-five ;ents 
more per month and got the sciool. 

We feel like hiring a professonal 
to express our feelings. Forsevmty- 
five cents a term a district oficer 
would let a good teacher go !-for 
seventy-five cents upset the wok of 
a school! Isn't such a man milt 
on a magnificent pattern? The 
teacher that underbid the othir is 
just as bad, and worse, for she should 
know more. Why, ten million mch 
souls could dance quadrilles on the 
point of a cambric needle and not 
jostle one another- an atom. If ihat 
officer correctly represents the dis- 
trict, and their bodies are in size 
proportioned to their souls, let tiem 
all be housed in a hollow pea let 
the extra space in the pea be packed 
well to keep them from ratting, 
then ship them to Gulliver as es- 
caped specimens from the lane of 
Lilliput. They certainly have no 
place among the broad-gaujed,. 
whole souled people of Michigai.— 
Michiqan School Moderator. 


Infinitesimal Souls. 

achers of philosophy, if you 
an illustration of the very 
of, F g St tll »'ig that can be thought 
near u , tllls account : A teacher 
Michj » son > in Lenawee county, 
der tn V we blush to sa > r it, shud- 
u ^mk of it, and don sack- 

The March Century is particular^ in- 
teresting to the many thousands rho 
have constituted the audiences of the 
famous Polish pianist. Paderewski. in 
different parts of the United Staes. 
These papers on Paderewski are Dart of 
the musical series which the Centur, is 
publishing this year. The frontispijee 
is an engraving of Paderewski fron a 
photograph, and in addition a drawno- 
by Irving R. Wiles is given, showing ,he 
great virtuoso at the piano. Accompaiy- 
ing these pictures are "A Critcal 
Study," by the distinguished Amerian 
pianist and composer, William Mas.n 
"A Biographical Sketch," by Mss 
Fanny Morris Smith, and a poem, byR 
W. Gilder, entitled "How Paderewki 
Plays." The biographical sketch, bief 
as it is, contains, we understand, he 
fullest particulars ever yet given of he 
life of its famous subject. 

In this number of the Century lr. 
Stedman's essays on p )etry are bem 
Mrs. Schuyler Van Rensselaer has ui 
article on "St. Paul's Cathedial," whim 
is brilliantly illustrated by Joseph Pei- 

nell. The United States Fish Commis- 
sion is described by Mr. Richard Rath- 
bun, a scientific member of the staff. 
Piofessor Henry C. Adams presents a 
timely study of "The Farmer and Rail- 
way Legislation." Professor Boyesen 
tells of "An Acquaintance with Hans 
Christian Andersen." Colonel Richard 
Malcolm Johnston, the popular story- 
writer, has a paper, illustrated by Kem- 
ble, on " Middle Georgia Rural Life." 

In this number the Kipling-Balestier 
"Naulahka" is continued, as well as Dr. 
Weir Mitchell's "Characteristics." Ham- 
lin Garland, author of "Main Traveled 
Roads," etc., begins a serial in three 
parts entitled "01' Pap's Flaxen." 
Dorothy Prescott, a new writer, makes a 
social study of the environs of Boston in 
an illustrated story called "Our Tolstoi 
Club." Miss Viola Roseboro' tells the 
story of "The Village Romance," and 
Mrs. Burton Harrison (author of " The 
Anglomaniacs") thac of "Gay's Ro- 

Piotorially the number is remarkable 
not only for the pictures in the descrip- 
tive articles, so called, but for some of 
Mr. Cole's engravings, this time after 
Giorgione. The well-known picture, by 
Sargent, of Miss Beatrice Goelet is given 
in the series of American paintings. 

Among the poets of the number are 
Thomas - Bailey Aldrich, Mrs. James T. 
Fields, Langdon E. Mitchell, Charlotte 
Fiske Bates, Alice Williams Brotherton. 

Mr. Buel's article on the Louisiana 
Lottery in the February number is fol- 
lowed in this number by an editorial on 
"The Louisiana Lottery a National In- 
famy," written before the withdrawal of 
the Lottery from the contest in Louis- 
iana. Other editorials are on "Columbia 
College," "National Justice to Postal 
Clerks," and "A Columbian Fair Me- 
morial Building." 

In "Open Letters" are discussed "The 
Numerical Strength of the Confederate 
Army," "The Illinois of Lincoln's 
Time," and Mrs. Van Rensselaer has a 
brief essay on the painter Sargent. 

The Atlantic Monthly fur March opens 
with an article by the Rev. Brooke Her- 
ford, the popular Boston clergyman, on 
"An Old English Township," in which 
he embodies, in a delightful way, the 
chances and changes of a settlement in 
Lancashire, Singleton by name, with 
which Mr. Herford is thoroughly familiar, 
and which shows him at heart to have all 
that true English love of the country 
wbich is almost a national characteristic. 
Mr. Crawford continues his serial of 
Italian life, "Don Orsino," and Miss 
Isabel F. Hapgood has a vividy written 
papeV on Russian Travel, called " Har- 
vest-Tide on the Volga." Miss Agnes 
Repplier contributes an interesting essay 
on "The Children's Poets," ii which 
she demonstrates that it is not necessary 
for children to understand poetry to en- 
joy it ; and that very often children do 
not understtnd precisely the infantile 
kind of poetry which is written for them, 
but prefer poems like Tennyson's "Lady 
of Shalott," which not all grown people 
comprenend. Joel Chandler Harris has 
a short dialect story, called "The Belle 
of St. Valerien,"— not a story of Negro 
life, for St. Valerien is a township of New 
France. Edith Thpmas, under the fan- 
ciful title of "The Little Children of 
Cybele," describes in a half-serious, half- 
fanciful fashion, the habits of the swal- 
low, the squirrel, the tortoise, the chip- 
munk, and other duoib pensioners of 
nature, interspersed here and there with 
short poems, also by Miss Thomas. 



Mr. Edwin D. Mead discusses the 
Chilian trouble in the March New England 
Magazine, and takes the view that the 
United States has been made ridiculous 
by the recent explosion of war brag. 
"Walter Blackburn Harte devotes bis "In 
a Corner at Dodsley's," to exposing the 
quackery of professional literary advi- 



As Permanent Office Assistant. 

Either Gentleman or Lady. No preference, qualifica- 
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to Office if engaged. Enclose reference and self-ad- 
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John G. Kreider, 

Manufacturer of the following 
Grades of 

Full Roller Flour 

Anchor, Gold Leaf, "White Wonder, Low Grade. 
Also, Dealer in 

Grain, Feed, Seed, Salt, Buckwheat 
and Rye Flour, and Corn Meal. 


Compound Tar Lozenges 

<S-Read this good endorsement by Rev. A. 

Ebenezer, Pa., January 4, 1892. 
I have much pleasure in recommending 
Dr. Lemberger''s Compound Tur Lozenges, 
having used them very frequently during 
the past two years— they have always relieved 
a tickling in the throat and hoarseness. I 
think they are invaluable for Public Speak- 
ers and Singers. (Signed) 

Pastor U. It. Church. 
Sent by Mail on Receipt of Price. 

25 Cts. a Box. 5, 10 and 15c. Packages. 

PREPARED only at 

Jos. L Lemberger's Drug Store, Lebanon, Fa, 




Re-edited and Reset from Cover to Cover. 

for every Family and School. 

The work of revision occupied over 
ten years, more than a liun dred editors 
being: employed, and over 8300,000 
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Pamphlet sent free by the publishers. 

CAUTION is needed in purchasing a dic- 
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SEPTEMBER, 1891 ; 
In some Departments even later. 

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®k College ^runt. 

Lebanon Valley College 

V. No. 4. 



a q la y Dbanbb, A. M., Professor of Latin. 

E. Bbnj. Bikrman, A. M., President. 
J.E.Lehman, A.M., Professor of Mathematics 
Miss Sarah M. Sherriok, Ph. B., 

Professor of English Language. 
Rev. J. A. McDermad, A. M., 

Professor of Greek and Natural Science. 

Miss Carrie G. Eby, 

Professor of Piano and Voice. 
Miss Ella Mover, Professor of Harmony. 
Miss Emma E. Dittmar, Professor of Art. 

Clionian Society— Miss Anna R. Forney. 
Philokosmian Society— D. Albert Kreider. 
Kalozetean Society— Elmer L. Haak. 

Seba C. Huber, '92. 
Horace W. Crider, '93. 
William H. Kreider, '94. 

H. Clay Deaner. 

All communications or items of news 
should be sent to the Editor in Chief. Sub- 
scriptions should be sent to the Publish- 
ing Agent. 

THIS COLLEGE FORUM will he sent 
monthly for one school year on receipt of 
twenty-five cents. Subscriptions received at 
«ny time. 

F or terms of advertising, address the 
Publishing Agent. 

The observance of the Quarter 
Century of the College will take 
place in June, during commence- 
ment week. Special announcement 
will be made in the Ma}^ Forum. 

It ts earnestly desired that all 
ex-members of the Philokosmian 
Literary Society be present at the 
Society's Quarter-centennial exer- 
cises on the evening of May 6th. 
" It will be a feast of reason and a 
flow of soul." 

There is not that interest in edu- 
cation by the church that should be. 
The lack of interest is due to the fact 
that the great majority never con- 
tribute to the cause of education to 
that degree that makes them inter- 
ested. Where a man's treasure is, 
there his heart is also. 

Whole No 

Their pallid faces should tell them 
that they will soon join the manes 
unless they abandon the cigarette. 

Entered at the Post Office at Annville, 
as second-class mail matter. 



The one who 
°Pposes God. 

opposes education 

The spring term opened very en- 
couragingly with an increase of 
Wen ty new students. More are ex- 

teito anniver8ar y of tlie Kaloze " 
Literary Society, an account of 
cl1 is found in another column, 
^ as one of the best, if not the best, 
n the history of the society. 

^HB standing of graduates of Leb- 
an ° n Ya % College at Yale has had 
other manifestation in Yale's re- 
effort to learn who of the class 
ex pect to enter the ministry. 

" College Day " will be observed 
on the . first and second Sundays of 
May, or, to suit the convenience of 
our people, any- other Sabbatli dur- 
ing the month. If the Professors 
can be of any service to help make 
the day a grand success, they tender 
their assistance. 

The Quarter-Century of the Col- 
lege will afford a most excellent op- 
portunity for our people to contri- 
bute largely on "College Day." 
Two thousand dollars would be but 
a small free-will offering for a mem- 
bership of 35,000. If College Day " 
is presented to our people the}' will 
respond nobly. 

From the effects of cigarette smok- 
ing two persons die weekly, and 
two become insane. In other words, 
during the past year, one hundred 
young men under twenty-one years 
of age have died and one hundred 
became demented. These figures 
are reliable, and should cause man}- 
of our young men to think seriously. 

The drama, " Bread Upon the 
Waters," rendered by the students 
on the evening of the 15th inst., was 
a grand success. They were com- 
plimented in the highest terms for 
this excellent rendition of it. The 
parts were well chosen, and each 
displayed a remarkable suitableness 
for the character represented. 

The chapel was crowded, and all 
were universal in their expression of 
" bravo," students of Lebanon Col- 
lege. A very handsome sum was 
realized, which will be expended in 
repainting the chapel. 

A $300 Present for L. Y. C. 

Recently Lebanon Yalley College 
received a present of a $300 Farrel 
safe, five feet high, four feet wide 
and three feet deep, with inside 
doors and apartments to suit the 
convenience of the college. It was 
presented by President Bierman 
with six of his most intimate friends. 

College Pay. 


As Lebanon Yalley College does 
not have an adequate endowment, 
and the income from tuition and 
other sources is not sutiicient to 
meet the expenses of the college, 
" College Day " was inaugurated 
" as a day on which all our congrega- 
tions and people will be called upon 
to make a free will offering to the 
Lord for His tender mercies to them 
in behalf of Lebanon Yalley Col- 
lege toward meeting the deficit." 

The day was authorized by the 
presiding elders of the patronizing 
conferences, February 2nd, 1888, and 
ratified by the annual conferences 
year by year. 


Some do not like " College Day " 
because their gratitude to God is 
measured with money. Others say 



there are already too many collec- 
tions. Others that it is an unjust 
burden imposed upon our people, 
and is an encroachment upon church 
enterprises at home. 

That church which does not glad- 
ly extend the hand of benevolence 
beyond her own doors, is on the road 
to starvation, if not dead. The col- 
lege has as great a claim to your 
help as any other department of tlie 
church. There is no other depart- 
ment which does as much for the 
church as the college, and has se- 
sured so little. It is a universal law 
that giving increases, and withhold- 
ing impoverishes. The Dead Sea and 
our cities are good examples. The 
Dead Sea became such by year after 
year receiving and never giving off 
anything, while our cities are con- 
stantly rece'ving and sending away 
commodities of all kinds, through 
which exchange they become richer 
and richer. 

The Christian Herald of March 
contains an illustration of a colored 
preacher who wished to take up a 
collection outside of the regular pro- 
gram, that is so apropos that we 
give it in toto: 

"You musivt do it," said an ad- 
viser connected with the church. 
" Collections are too many already ; 
too many collections will kill a 
church." The preacher . looked at 
the man in amazement. "Giving 
kill a church 1" he cried. " When- 
ever was a Church killed by giv- 
ing; ? Never ! Show me a church 
anywhere, in any slate, that was kill- 
ed by giving, and I'll walk a hundred 
miles to see it, and I'll climb by the 
light of the moon up to the top of 
the moss-covered roof, and raising 
my hand toward heaven, I'll say, 
' Blessed are the dead that die in 
the Lord.' " 


" College Day " was never in- 
tended to be a day for the pastors to 
beg their congregations for money. 
It is to be a day of praise and 
thanksgiving, and counting of mer- 
cies, hence joyful to both old and 

1. It will be the pastor's oppor- 
tunity to impress his people and the 
whole community that he endorses 
higher Christian culture. 

2. To educate his people financi- 
ally, thereby filling his own purse all 
the more full, because benevolence in 
one cause will apply to others. 

3. It will get the pastor and 
people more interested in the col- 

4. It will create an interest in the 
college outside of the church, 
whereby students and money can be 
secured for the college. 

5. It wdl cultivate church spirit 
and denominational loyalty. 

6. It will afford an opportunity to 
instruct the people in their duty to 
educate their own children. 

T. It will prepare the church for 
larger giving. 

8. It will advertise Lebanon Val- 
ley College better than any other 
plan. Four hundred pulpits talking 
and praying Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege. Those pulpits telling of her 
noble record of the past, present suc- 
cess, advantages offered, Christian 
influences, good moral surroundings 
and needs. Who can measure the 
results of such a day's work in 
building up the college? 

Advertising Lebanon Valley 

BY MR. J. L. KEEDY, '89. 

When the copy for the Harvard 
catalogue was sent to the University 
press the order accompanying it was 
for 70,000 copies. We can not sup- 
pose that these 70,000 catalogues 
will be circulated without some ef- 
fort. Ten or twelve thousand may 
be promiscuously circulated, but the 
majority will be sent out to young 
men -whom it is desired to induce to 
come to Harvard. The point sought 
to be made is that a large number of 
catalogues is a necessity in an at- 
tempt to obtain students and that 
they must be S3nt out to .young men 
without waiting for applications for 
catalogues from them. 

Now it has often occurred to me 
(if I may be allowed personalities) 
that L. V. C. gets too few catalogues. 
One or two thousand has always 
been thought sulficient, and the fact 
that a large number always remained 
over from one year to another has 
always been deemed sufficient argu- 
ment against getting a larger number. 
Of course if it is the policy only to 
send a catalogue when there is an ap- 
plication for one, two thousand cata 
logues are enough and there might 
possibly be two or three copies left 
over to put in the library for refer- 
ence. But if it is the policy to send 
catalogues of the college into every 
church home in Pennsylvania, Mary- 
land and Virginia, where there are 
children who may be induced to go 
to college, and into the homes in 
proximity to Annville, two thousand 
is a very small number indeed. That 
number could be distributed in Har- 
risburg and Lebanon alone with 
astonishing results. 

Having once concluded to make a 
distribution as suggested, the next 
step would be to find out how many 
catalogues would be needed. If it 
required 8,000,-get that number; if 
it required 12,000, it wouldn't pay to 
get less. Of course the question 
whether or not the amount expended 
in getting these catalogues would be 
a paying investment would have to 

be first settled; but this can be 
done. Ten thousand catalogues don't 
cost five times as much as 2,000, but 
about twice as much. In other 
words, having paid for the setting up 
of the type in the first 2,000 you get 
any number of additional thousands 
can be gotten for the mere cost of 
the paper used in them. If, there- 
fore, it pays to get 2,000 to be dis. 
tributed hap-hazard, it pays to get 
10,000, with twice the cost, in order 
to distribute to every church home in 
the cooperating Conferences, and 
even good family within fifty mil e8 
of Annville. If you get only 2 
every catalogue sent out costs just 
twice as much as if you get 10,OuO, 
As to contents and appearance of 
the catalogue many lessons can be 
learned from private schools. The 
catalogues they send out are not 
large, (about half as large as last 
year's catalogue of L. V. C), bul 
they are crowded full of interest 
ing descriptions of the buildings, 
urounds, rooms, gynasium, etc., el 
There is invariably two or three 
fine illustrations of some building, 
of the grounds, or something of tlie 
sort. The whole catalogue has an 
appearance of neatness, and the m 
pression created invariably must be, 
"that is a good school, everythingB 
nice. I want to know more about 
it," and so more information is serf 
for and they become more interested 
in the school. Now L. V. C. en 
learn something from these private 
schools just in this direction 

The plan the writer would sug- 
gest is to make the catalogue 
about halt as large, and so ins 
of getting 2,000 for the ususi 
amount expended for catalogue 5 
10,000 could be obtained. With 
small additional expense one < 
two fine illustrations of the camp 1 ; 
or mainbuilding could be inserl 
which would add greatly to the ^ 
pearance of the catalogue, and * 
stead of being thrown in the Wj| 
basket as soon as it was gotten a° 
the office the catalogue would ' 
carefulby examined by almost evctf 
member of the family and ' 
likely read through. If L. »•* 
would make some change hi 
catalogue, such as above i |1<nc!i ^| 
the results I am sure would ben 1 "' 
greater than at present. '^ n ' s ,^ t j 
does not involve any additional 
pense, but only so changing 
catalogue that five times the nu" 1 
mav be secured at the same cost- 
the method of distributing, 
catalogues presupposes that ^ 
of all the church families in 

Maryland and Vn" 


sylvama, _ 

and all good families with 10 
given radius of the college 
formed, so that the catalogues * 
be judiciously distributed. S e 
methods could be employed 10 




a c 
abo 1 


s ligh 
a P|>e 
copi c 




* it 

Q nd: 





formingof such a list, which it isneed- 
] eSS to mention here. It would not 
be a difficult thing to do and would 
1 )3 of inestimable value. 

One other means which could be 
used to popularize the college is the 
college paper. Yale and Harvard each 
have five or six college papers and 
sil are well supported. There is no 
reason why a great deal of effective 
advertising should not be done 
through The College Forum. The 
same can be said here that was said 
about the catalogue, namely, there 
are too few copies circulated. The 
paper is run on too small a scale. 
Every one who knows anything 
about papers knows- that large circu- 
lations are necessary to make a 
paper pay. The first step would be 
to increase the circulation as much 
as possible by getting subscriptions 
among the friends of the college. 
Having gotten as many subscribers 
as possible it would be the next 
move to give free subscriptions to 
all ministers in the cooperating con- 
ferences, to all graduates and former 
students, to all good families within 
a certain radius of the college, and 
all church families outside of th's 
radius in the conferences. This 
Blight require about 10,000 copies 
each month; or if one half of the 
free subscribers would be sent 
each alternate month, 5,000 copies 
each month. These 5000 copies 
need not cost more than twice the 
cost of 1,000 as shown above. Now 
having a circulation of 5,000 each 
month a*:d distributing them as 
above indicated, much advertising 
could be secured from business 
nouses in Harrisburg, Reading, Leb- 
anon, etc., especially sincea large per- 
centage of the families of this dis- 
trict would receive copies of the 
P^Per. In addition to this class of 
advertisers would be that of another 
class who could be easily induced to 
Wvertise since the paper would 
'each nearly all the United Brethren 
g* les in the co;i P eratm g confer- 
Much more might be done along 
is line than there is at present, and 
2 e a 8"m clear profi t be made. A 
glit change might be made in the 
^Pe-rance of the paper, and the 

toil i U C0lltjlins miuht be of a 
o mowlmt different nature, if it was 
Con? etnded tiiat several thousand 
thev i W ° uld be P ri »te<l, an d that 
«la 9 V d be circulated among the 
gran? above -named. Of course the 
C olle ' r end W( >uld be to advertise the 
t m ~k through the paper, and not 
If j t e l } a money-making scheme. 
*ouM *j!. aid a11 expenses the paper 
Uteres i successful enterprise, yat 
bundr h d l)e no (,0llbt that several 
beared (lollars could be easi V 



implies that some one 

should give considerable time to the 
paper. The manager would have to 
see that it contained matter such as 
would well advertise the College, 
and at the same time induce young 
persons to go to college. Its con- 
tents consequently wouid have to be 
well selected. The manager would 
have to have some time allowed him 
to solicit advertisements, and to at- 
tend to the business interests of the 
paper generally. He might, along 
with conducting the paper, be given 
three or four classes to teach, and 
relieve the President of some of the 
menial work of his position. 

Until some greater effort is made 
by L. V. C. to get students than at 
present is made, I fancy there won't 
be a rapid increase. A careful study 
of the method employed by other 
colleges would reveal to many of the 
managers of the Lebanon Yalley 
College some good methods which 
they might adopt and successfully 
use. One or two of these methods 
have been barely sketched in this 

The one great trouble with L. 
Y. C is that its management is in 
the hands of men, however much 
they may know about the parlance 
of common business, and however 
successful they may be as ministers 
.or in their own business, they don't 
know how to manage a college. 
Colleges in these days aren't made 
successful institutions without some 
study of the methods used by other 
colleges. Until men who know some- 
thing about successful methods in 
the management of colleges get a 
controlling influence in the Board of 
Trustees, or the past methods be 
abandoned, the church must be dis- 
appointed in the hope which it has 
cherished so long. At the coming- 
session of the Board can there not 
be some legislation which will per- 
mit the college to be advertised ? 

The Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation and What Character- 
izes its Work. 

The Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation, is one of the greatest move- 
ments of this great century. When 
we think of the forces for good at 
work in our land, the work of this 
association and the results it has 
accomplished, dare not be omitted. 
It is pre-eminently a modern organ- 
ization. It began its career of use- 
fulness in this country in Boston, in 
1852. Its growth for a time was re- 
tarded by the war, but it is destined 
to growth, and in 1862 it sprang into 
beimr with all its life-giving powers, 
as did the goddess of wisdom from 
the head of Jupiter. To-day there 
are more than 1,450 associations in 
the United States and Canada. The 
number in the whole world is 4,4(54. 

The Intercollegiate Y. M. 0. A. 

was organized on June 6, 1811. ex- 
actly 30 years after the formation of 
the first Y. M. C. A. in London. It 
then included 21 colleges with less 
than 1000 members. The report of 
last year shows that we now have 
more than 400 Intercollegiate asso- 
ciations in the United States and 
Canada. The movement has not only 
spread rapidly throughout the above 
named places, but its influence has 
also been extended to Great Britain, 
Scandinavia, German}'', France, Tur- 
key, Syria, China, Japan, India 
and Ceylom Through the agency 
of this movement over 18,000 stu- 
dents have been led to accept 
Christ in the past fourteen years. 
It is the testimony of college pro- 
fessors and trustees that the reli- 
gious life of many colleges and uni- 
versities has been entirely trans- 
formed. Yet, over half of the 
150,000 young men in our institu- 
tions of higher learning are not 
Christians. What an incalculable 
influence for good these youn<z men 
could wield if they were all Chris- 
tians. It would be a mighty step 
toward the evangelization of the 
world in this generation. Mission- 
aries call for 20,000 foreign mission- 
aries in order to accomplish it. 

What characterizes the Y. M. C. 
work ? 

Fird. — It is a definite work — 
working for definite purposes and 
ends. Its purpose is to bring the 
young men of the world to Christ; 
to shield and save them from the 
temptations to intemperance, im- 
purity, impiety, infidelity and others 
more insidious and dangerous ; to 
furnish something that will draw in 
that class of young men who have 
gone from parental influence and 
prayer, who as yet have preserved 
their manhood and are anxious to do 
right; to impress them with the fact 
that business success is not the 
Hummum bonum of life, but that there 
is something higher and grander. 
Some people thought the Y. M. C. A. 
was organized to do an" work which 
the churches would not undertake. 
Others, to carry on general evange- 
listic work among the masses, and 
still others, to stir*up churches to 
right kind of work. The movement 
met with much opposition, aroused 
not by its defects, but by its pro- 
gress. This opposition, glad to say, 
is very rapidly vanishing. 

He who knows anything of the 
world's history cannot but see the 
importance of surrounding the young 
men of our fair land with every shield 
of Christian influence, for the hand 
of the young man has been and is to- 
day on the helm of human dentin}/. 
In every reform — moral, intellectual, 
or political, he has been at the front. 
It is he that has made history what 
it is. 



Second. — Its work is, above all, 
practical. It aims to meet the needs 
of that class of young men whom it 
tries to reach. It stretches out its 
hand expressly to the .young man in 
business man's employ. This is the 
reason it receives their hearty co- 
operation. Their business success 
depends very largely or entirely 
upon the energy, the faithfulness, the 
honor and the honesty of those 
whom they employ. John Wana- 
maker, who began his life as a Y. M. 
C. A. Secretary, is to-daj' a staunch 
friend of the Y. M. C. A. Chauncey 
M. Depew devotes much of his time 
to Y. M. C- A. work. Cornelius 
Vanderbilt, who is one of the Inter- 
national committee and has been 
chairman of the railroad branch of 
Y. M. C. A. work in New York City 
for the last ten } T ears, erected a build- 
ing fully equipped for this work, at a 
cost of $100,000, upon ground fur- 
nished by the N. Y. C. and H. R. R. 
R. Thus many have reared monu- 
ments to their names, which shall 
endure longer than that of Phidias, 
who thought to immortalize his name 
by engraving it in the sword of 
Minerva, for that masterpiece of 
Grecian art has perished, and his in- 
fluence on the world to-day is zero. 

Third.— The Y. M. C. A. is strict- 
ly non-sectarian. All evangelical 
denominations unite their efforts for 
the ennobling and the raising up of 
the Christian manhood of the young 
men of this great continent. They 
recognize in the Y. M. C. A. a 
mighty factor in the application of 
Christian force and Christian princi- 
ples to the worlcl-concpiest for Christ. 

The purpose of the Intercollegiate 
Y. M. C. A. is to bring the students 
to Christ, to build them up in Christ, 
and thus prepare them to do earnest 
work for Christ at home or abroad. 
It has broadened the scope of Chris- 
tian work in the colleges, given 
mutual help and inspiration, and has 
been instrumental in bringing the 
Bible into the curriculum of many 
institutions of higher learnino-. 

Fourth. — The work is also° diver- 
sified, (a) Physical, (b) Educational 
or Intellectual, (c) Social, and {d) 
Reli gious. It reaches out into every 
department of life to quicken and 
ennoble young men. It has its 
gymnasiums, its libraries and read- 
ing rooms, its lectures, its sociables 
its public meetings and assemblies, 
its college prayer-meetings and its 
Bible classes. Many young men are 
drawn in to obtain the benefits of 
gymnasium or any of the above- 
named privileges ; thus they are 
brought in contact with good men 
and by degrees are drawn under the 
influence of truth, and finally begin 
the crusade toward the holy city.° 

Fifth. — By uniqueness. The Y. M. 
C. A. is the half-way house between 

the world and the church, as the sun 
just before sunset is between the 
black clouds and the mountains. The 
Association never comes in conflict 
with the church of Christ. The church 
is given precedence. On the other 
hand, it is the most efficient and the 
greatest auxiliary the churches have 
at the present day. There should be 
one in every good-sized town. The 
churches over the country that have 
their young men neither in pra}er- 
meeting nor Sabbath-school are 
legion. Why? Because they are 
not sufficiently attractive to the un- 
regenerate mind. The only moments 
of sunshine enjoyed by many young 
men are the few hours spent within 
Y. M. C. A. walls. It is here that 
many receive the only rays of 
spiritual light they get in early years 
to . illumine and warm their lives. 
Would that its blessed influence 
would reach the 900,000 young men 
in the Keystone State, yea, the many 
millions in the world who never 
enter the portals of the church. 
What a tremendous work lies before 
us ? Is it not the duty of every 
Christian to be interested in the Y. 
M. C. A., which is based on Christian 
principles and stands for them ? 

Sixth. — Spirituality — which means 
God's spirit coming down and unit- 
ing with us in our work. We cannot 
have an earnest, active Association 
without spirituality. On it hinges 
the highest success of every form of 
Christian effort. The marked in- 
crease in spirituality is not least of 
the benefits of the Y. M. C. A. work. 
It must come in consecration and 
this results from communion with 
God, which is daily prayer. Our 
blessed Master — Luther, Otterbein, 
Columbus, Cromwell and Washing- 
ton, all knew the value of prayer. 
The Y. M. C. A. recognizes 'the 
power of prayer and the value of the 
Bible. It urges its members to keep 
the Bible close at hand, to consult 
daily its pages for the knowledge 
that leadeth to eternal life, to ap- 
proach it in a spirit of reverence and 
confidence, to ponder the things of 
the spirit and then our expression 
will be spontaneous, because it is the 
expression of a soul full of spiritual 
life. Thus it keeps before the young 
men a high standard for spiritual 
thinking, spiritual speaking, and 
spiritual working. H. U. R. 


'79, Mrs. Lizzie Weidman Groff 
has recovered from a severe illness. 

'91, Miss Mary M. Shenk, B. S.. 
is a student in the University Ex- 
tension course ati Lebanon, Pa., and 
has received her certificate in-English 
literature in a course of six lectures 
on the "-English Poets of the Revo- 
lutionary Age." 

'87, C. Hershey Backenstoe, E 
B. S., of Harrisburg, Pa., has been 
elected ex-orator of the Philokos- 
mi an Literary Society for the qu ar . 
ter century anniversary, on the 
evening of May 6th. 

'87, Rev. H. T. Denlinger, A.\ 
of Williamsport, Pa., delivered the 
graduate oration at the Kalozetean 
Literary Society Anniversary on the 
8th in st, 

'91, Rev. S. J. Evers, A. B., who 
filled so successfully the position as 
Assistant Secretary in the Y M. fj. 
A. at Dayton, Ohio, has resigned his 
position there and taken work in the 
Maryland Conference. He will, dur- 
ing the summer, preach preparatory 
to entering the U. B. Seminary in the 
fall. L. V. C. wishes him well in his 
new work. 

Class of '92. 

Between January 29th and April 
3d six of the nine male members of 
the class passed the twenty-first 
milestone of their terrestrial sojourn. 

On Friday, March 18, Mr. Samuel 
Henry Stein reached that point in 
his journe}^, and in the evening cele- 
brated the event by having the class 
take tea with him at his home on W. 
Main street. Miss Mary Stein, of 
Reading, and Mr. James R. Stein, 
'93, of Franklin and Marshall, were 
also present. The luxurious repast, 
the responses to toasts, the well- 
rendered music and the select games 
all united to make the occasion one 
of extreme pleasure. 


Mr. John Adam Bailor, of Ann- 
vibe, presented a blacksnake to tw 

Mrs. Bierman delivered a mission- 1 
ary address at Palmyra, Pa.,onttej 
12th in st. 

Rev. M. J. Mumma and wife, ' 
Hummelstown, Pa., on the 5th in st " 
visited the President. 

D. W. Crider, of York, Pa., will 1 * 
the founder-orator at the coining 8 * 
niversary of the Philokosmiafl Sj 
erary Society. 

II. U. Roop, class '92, has b«j 
elected orator of alumni of the ^ 
ton, Pa., High School, for the p uP 
meeting June 9, 1892. 


Messrs. George K. Hartman," 
D. Needy and H. U. Roop ^ 
elected delegates to the Y. M- ^ 
Convention at Gettysburg ° D H 
21st-24th inst. 

Prof. E. E. McCurdy, of HJveJ, 
Pa., spent the forenoon of the ^ 
inst. in visiting classes. He i n p 
was a student of the College- . ( 
the past four years he has been * 
cipal of the schools of ^Jy 
Through his efforts the school/ 



3, Esq. 
s been 
e quar. 

3n the. 

• A. B. ( 

red the 
7 on tlh : 

been greatly improved He opened 
a summer normal at Everett on the 
18th inst., which is well attended. 


Spring has come, and with it the 

In Ireland there are 1,1 1 5,0"0 
Protestants and about 4,000,000 

The campus is rapidly donning its 
spring dress. Ma}' it not be wan- 
tonly soiled by the rude vandal. 

It is said that the disposition of 
the Bland Silver Bill promises to 
shut down some of the big mines of 
Butte, Montana. 

Visiting the famous Gettysburg 
battle-field wdl soon be greatly 
facilitated by an electric railway 
now being constructed upon it. 

The blackbirds have resumed their 
celebrated auroral concerts upon the 
trees of the campus. They are truly 
ear-openers as well as " eye-openers." 

Another heavy burden has come 
upon the institution — one of 3000 
pounds — a much-needed safe. It is 
the gift of some friends in Reading. 

It is said that no bank failure has 
occurred in China for 900 years. 
Such a failure means the loss of the 
officials' heads. A suggestion, per- 

The Russian officials state that 
the famine districts have now suf- 
ficient food to last until May, and 
that there is plenty of seed for the 
next sowing. 

To the shame of the British gov- 
ernment the fact stands out that 
within the past fifty years it has de- 
rived an income of' more $1,200- 
000,000 from its opium traffic. 

It has been requested that speci- 
mens of the worst weeds from all 
the states and territories be sent to 
the World's Fair for exhibition, 
we suggest that the tobacco plant 
bead the list. 

To the credit of the institution 
°«r energetic steward has cautiously 
Se t about to clear the campus of 
'^J 06 °f its dead trees. That's right 
rop ; "i n the constant plod of na- 
™ e catch the step. 

The highest railroad tunnel in the 
is that of the Parana Oroya 
jfUroad through the Andes in 
er »- It is 600 feet above the per- 
ei ual snow line, and will be nearly 
ule e-fourth s of a mile long. 


"Ti mono l°gue impersonation of 
&3d i als '" l) y Mr - Underbill, the 
ent t • Was ' n tne high est degree 
k in ei 'taiiiing. It was the last enter- 

w«c, Inei ? t °t' a creditable course, and 
as Well 

worthy its crowning. 
K * ike Nolan 
$14 ne - v >" is 

sonf 00 for the copyright of that 
6» and $16,000 for that of " I 

the author of "Annie 
said to have received 

Whistled and Waited for Katie." 
Truly facts expressive of popular 

The degrading influences of lnger- 
sollism is well illustrated in the very 
nature of the "noisome stuff" 
contributed to literature by the late 
poet, Walt Whitman, at whose 
grave Ingersoll pronounced the 
funeral oration. 

Quite a number of our boys have 
contracted to sell, during the sum- 
mer, the Chautauqua Combination 
Drawing Board and Writing Desk. 
Their cards are headed " Educa- 
tional Appliances." We advise our 
readers to beware of the walking 
" appliances." 

Among many other good things in 
an article by Prof. Chas. F. Thwing 
in New York Independent, we deem 
the following worthy of emphasis : 
" That the college man abhors being 
the object of espionage. His feeling 
toward the spy is a union of con- 
tempt, hatred and shame. His feel- 
ing is a natural one. His feeling de- 
serves and receives sympathy. Pry- 
ing watchfulness is a challenge for 
evading the watchman. The stu- 
dent's sense of integrity is an in- 
spiration to him." 

On Saturday evening, the 9th inst., 
a public rhetorical exercise was 
given by five members of the pres- 
ent Senior class in the College 
Chapel. Creditable essays were read 
by Miss Annie E. Brightbill and 
Messrs. A. Raymond Kreider and 
Elmer E. Haak, and eloquent ora- 
tions delivered by Miss Lillie J. E. 
Rice and Mr. Seba C. Huber. 

These productions were all ex- 
pressed in unusually good English, 
and for rhetorical finish did honor 
to the respective authors. The 
music furnished for the occasion was 

The Frederick County Guide, a 
new weekly, published at Myersville, 
Md., is upon our table. It is, as its 
name indicates, a guide, brimful of 
news. Its debut speaks for itself, 
and if we are to judge of its future 
by its first issue it will be a guide 
that the people in Frederick county 
cannot do without. Its editors and 
publishers are Cyrus F. Flook and 
Reno S. Harp, A. B., former stu- 
dents of Lebanon Valley College. 
We wish them great success in their 
new enterprise, and shall be pleased 
to receive the weekly visits of the 
G u ide. 

It seems some little sentimental, 
concilatory brains have really con- 
ceived the grand catholic (?) idea of 
a Parliament of Religions at the 
World's Fair, with the expressed 
purposes of " showing to men in the 
most impressive way what and how 
many important truths the various 
religions hold in common. To pro- 
mote the spir-it of brotherhood among 

the religions of the world. And for 
mutual fellowship, conference and 
information.** What next? Finis. 

When Does Easter Come ? 

There is no period around which 
clings so much of interest to the 
Christian church as is Easter. It is 
the Christian passover and festival of 
the resurrection of Christ. For a 
long time there was great discussion 
as to the time of fixing the feast. 
The discussion became so angry, and 
to avert schisms in the church, Con- 
stantine had it brought before the 
Council of Nice, in 325, which finally 
setttled the question for the whole 
church by adopting the rule which 
makes Easter to come on the first 
Sunday after the full moon, which 
comes on or after March 21. By this 
arrangement Easter may come as 
early as March 22, or as late as A pril 
25. Thus we see the feast is mov- 
able, and the difficulty still confronts 
us to know when it will come. The 
celebrated Gauss has given us a neat 
formulas for ascertaining its occur- 
rence, wdiich is as follows : 

Let y = the year, and y ~ 19 gives a 
remainder — a ; y -=- 4 gives a remainder 
= b ; y-f 7 gives a remainder =c ; (19 a 
-f A) -h 80 gives a remainder = d ; (2 b 
+ 4c + (id-(-B)-r7 gives a remainder 
3= e ; then Easter — 22 + d + e of March, 
or Easter = d + e — 9 of April. Should 
the formulas give the 26th of April, seven 
davs must be subtracted. From 1800 to 
1899 A = 23; B = 4. 

By applying the formulas we get 
the following dates for Easter : 
April It, 1892; April 2,1893; March 
25, 1894; April 14, 1895; April 5, 
1896; April 18, 1897; April 10, 1898, 
and April 2, 1899. 

Clionioii Literary Society. 

Virtule et Fide. 

Mr. Rice, of Baltimore, Md., spent 
a day, March 21, with bis daughter, 
Miss Lillie. 

Miss Elvire Stehman and Miss 
Delia Roop spent their brief vaca- 
tion at their respective homes. 

We are glad to see Miss Strickler 
in the Hall again, as her ill health 
necessitated a release from regular 
collegiate work. 

Miss Minnie Weinman, who has 
been spending a week at her home at 
Wilkinsburg, returned on Monday, 
April 4. 

The following are some of the sub- 
jects that have been treated in the 
sessions of the preceding month : 
" Who Was the Pathfinder, and 
What Was His Mission ?" "'Life and 
Character of Him who Traveled 
Over Europe on Foot." The char- 
acters of John C. Fremont and Bay- 



ard Taylor were very carefully de- 
lineated, due attention being paid to 
their skillful methods of procedure. 
Two of our able speakers discussed 
the subject, " Resolved, That woman 
is given to revenge more than man," 
in the participation of which marked 
emphasis was laid on woman's more 
amiable qualities, her endowment by 
nature of a more tender, pacifying 
disposition than man. Again, very 
beautifully there was portrayed the 
character of man, who was too ra- 
tional, rather than sensitive, a being 
to give vent to his stronger emotions 
of anger so readily as woman. No 
casting vote was taken, but had the 
question been open for discussion, 
regardless of the merits of the speak- 
ers, but rather of the question itself, 
the apparent sentiment of the ladies 
would have favored the negative side 
of the question. 

Miss Naomi Mohn has been visit- 
ing friends at Reading during vaca- 

Miss Eby, an ex-member and mu- 
sical instructor at L. V. C, paid a 
pleasant visit to friends at Washing- 

The ladies of the Hall, eight in 
number, enjoyed the afternoon of the 
26th ult., by walking to Lebanon. 
They pleasantly surprised Miss 
Strickler by calling on her. The_y 
returned much wearied from their 
physical exercise. 

The officers elected for the spring 
term are : President, Anna Bright- 
bill ; Vice President, Lula Baker ; 
Secretarv, Anna Keedy; Treasurer, 
Bert ha Heberly ; Critic, Li Hie Rice. 

The society had the extreme pleas- 
ure of visiting the Philokosmian Lit- 
erary Society April 1st. Deceptions 
in mild forms so characteristic of the 
first day of April are relished by all. 
Especially so was the one given by 
the P. L. S.,as they greeted the Clios 
with an April fool instead of a pro- 
gramme. The Chairman afterward 
prevailing on the ladies to remain 
and listen to the rendering of a pre- 
pared programme, they consented, 
and were exceedingly well pleased 
with the exercises. 

Mrs. Minnie Brubaker Albright, a 
former member of the society, and 
known to most, was called from the 
scenes of life March 18, 1892. 

Philokosmian Literary Society. 

" Esse Quam ViderV 

The society is making prepara- 
tions for its twenty-fifth anniversary 
on the 6th proximo. As this will be 
the completion of the quarter-cen- 
tury, special interest is expected. 
After the anniversary exercises a 
Philo reunion and banquet will be 
held. Every effort is being put forth 

to make this an occasion of unusual 
interest and enjoyment. Besides the 
material feast, arrangements have 
been made for several interesting ad- 
dresses and toasts. An orchestra 
has been engaged to enliven the oc- 
casion, and a general good time is 
anticipated. All ex-active and hon- 
orary members are urged to be pres- 
ent and make this a red-letter day in 
the history of the P. L. S. 

For the few days between the 
terms a number of the boys went to 
their homes. Mr. S. C. Huber vis- 
ited friends at Harrisburg. 

Several of our members have de- 
termined upon canvassing for the 
Chautauqua writing desk as their 
work for the coming vacation. 

In answer to our invitation, the 
Clionians met with us on Frida3 r 
evening, the first of April. After the 
devotional exercises the Secretary 
announced as the programme" April 
Fool." The ladies took it good na- 
turedly enough and began to put on 
their wraps ; but the " April Fool " 
was just introduced, when the society 
was again called to order and the 
programme renders d. Miss Stein, of 
Reading, was also present on this 

The lecture course was concluded 
on March 23d with the monologue 
impersonation by Charles F. Under- 
bill in "The Rivals." The enter- 
tainments were all well attended and 
generally satisfactory. Eli Perkins 
opened the course with a very enter- 
taining and instructive lecture on 
1 The Philosophy of Wit and 
Humor," in which he sives some 
original and valuable definitions, dis- 
tinguishing between wit, humor, sa- 
tire and ridicule. Although the lec- 
ture was philosophical, it was so well 
varied with mirth that the audience 
could scarce realize that they had 
been entertained for two hours and a 

The Imperial Quartet, of Boston, 
followed with an excellent musical 
entertainment Than this no enter- 
tainment at L. V. C. for many years 
has been more satisfactory or highly 

S. Griftord Nelson disappointed us 
somewhat with his lecture on " Irish 
Drollery." He illustrated some of 
the peculiar Irish traits with amus- 
ing anecdotes, but did not ex- 
ercise the power of entertaining an 

G. Murry Klepfer gave us an elo- 
quent and earnest lecture on " The 
Mistakes of the Devil," urging the 
importance of propagating instead of 
defending truth. 

The monologue impersonation by 
('has. F. Underbill, in The Rivals,'" 
was an ideal representation of char- 
acters. He received here, as else- 
where, an enthusiastic reception. 

The society is grateful to the pu 
lie for their liberal patronage of t" 

Kalozetean Literary Society. 

Pal ma non sine Pulvere. 

Mr. Elmer L. Haak, class .'92, 
retiring from the society edit 
ship, will assume greater respon 
bility in his father's firm, as well 
devote more of his leisure hours to 
the discharge of increasing duties in 
and about his home at Myerstown, 
Pa. Mr. Haak says his native town 
is becoming more and more en-Ticc- 

During the few days of vacation, 
Messrs. J. 0. Mohn, H. B. Yohn and 
H, W. Mayer, visited their homes, 
returning with that same expression 
on their faces, so characteristic of 
boys, in whose ears the "farewell" 
of home friends is still ringing. 

This, however, soon gave place to 
the cheery expression of "jolly col- 
lege boys." 

The one thing that occupied our 
minds most, at the beginning of this 
term, was the nearing of anniversary. 
We were relieved of the cares ac- 
companying such occasions, on Fri- 
day evening, April 8th. 

Those who were present say the 
exercises passed off smoothly, and 
the anniversary may be considered 
a success. 

Messrs. C. B. Penny packer and 1 
S. Myers, of Mountville, also Mr. 
W. S haak, of Lebanon, all former 
members of the Society, were in at- 
tendance at the anniversary. 

Mr. Shaak is now a student in 
Palatinate College, Myerstown. P* 

We are pleased to welcome among 
us again, and into active society 
work, Mr. Morris Rider, who *| 
teaching during the winter. 

We clip the following from th« 
Daily Herald, of Dayton, Ohio: 

" Mr. S. J. Evers, who has mal 
many friends in this city during l» s 
term as membership Secretary *j 
the Y. M. C. A., has left for | 
home at Hagerstown, Md. ^ 
Evers has proven himself thorough') 
efficient, and the Association l oS f 
one of its most obliging and valM| 
officers. Mr. Evers will begin stu«| 
at once preparatory to entering^ ' 
B. Seminary in this city nest 

Since leaving Dayton, Mr. B ve .j 
has been visiting among relative 8 
W. Va., but has again returned ^ 
his home at Hagerstown. He * 
take work in the Md. Confere |1( J 
together with his study prepar»|l 
to the Seminary. The society J^. ( 
in wishing him abundant succes s 
his work. ^ 

In a recent letter Mr. J. A- S 1 ' 
maker, a former student and we f0 



>2, in 



of society, states his intention to re- 
turn to school next fall, and ex- 
presses his loyalty to Lebanon 
Valley College as well as to the 
society. Both will be pleased to 
welcome Mr. Shoemaker on his re- 

Kalozetean Anniversary. 

On the evening of April 8th the 
Kalozetean Literary Society cele- 
brated its fifteenth anniversary. Her 
many friends, gathered from far and 
near, formed a most appreciative 
audience. The choice programme 
rendered proves the excellent quality 
of the literary work done by this so- 

The President's words of welcome 
were brief, but in setting forth the 
cherished aims and hopes of the so- 
ciety he prepared all for the rich 
least which followed. The invoca- 
tion was pronounced by President 

The society motto, " Palma nnn 
sine Pulvere" was the subject of the 
Bret orator, E. L. Haak, of class '92. 
It was an earnest appeal for an act- 
ive life. Honor and distinction in 
this world, if worth having, must be 
won by labor. All past achieve- 
ments worthy a place in history rep- 
resent effort and self-sacrifice.' The 
oration showed careful thought and 
preparation, and was delivered in a 
creditable manner; in every way 
quite worthy of a Senior. 

The essayist, Jas. E. Zug, '94, 
gave an excellent production on 
"Russia and Her Ruler"— a sub- 
ject that appeals to the heart of 
every American, and must be of 
general interest so long as the pres- 
ent policy of Russia is continued, 
ft was an impartial presentation of 
the Russian question, dealing espe- 
cially with the responsibility of the 
'Wer, but not ignoring the better 
qua hues of the man, which we are 
"Kely to lose sight of in the enor- 
n,t .v of the abuses perpetrated in 

"ame, for some of which, at 


ioi some oi 
least, he is not responsible. 

fcpurgeon was the subject of an 
fluent eulogy by Geo. D. Needy, 
boo" T more inspiring subject could 
2?? y have been ch °sen. He 
fetched briefly the career of the 
& n w preacher, dwelling especially 
him h charact eristics which made 
ento, • ° enter of so man y Christian 
heart Pnses > and drew to him the 
tian , n ? apathy of the Chris- 
hom 7° .' ^ ne i ess °ns drawn 
thosp , , life appealed strongly to 
Usefni l00kl »g forward to a life of 

T ' uln ess and service. 

'94 ! ? Gcoml 0,,at01 % I>. N. Scott, 
fer; nt P e f of " The Price of Indif- 
l he \ n m Ax. • ^PPb'ing it especially to 

the welfare of the nation. Even- 
national calamity is a result of in- 
difference, to be avoided by the 
watchful care exemplified in the great 
father of our republic. This oration 
is to be especially commended for its 
style and polish. The perfect self- 
possession and natural delivery of 
the speaker added much to the pro- 

The Graduate Orator, H. T. Den- 
linger, A. B., chose the rather odd 
subject, " An Endogen." Botanists 
will recognize the term. Trans- 
ferring man into the vegetable king- 
dom he made him an endogen. In 
other words he declared the man to 
be within. The influence of sur- 
roundings was especially empha- 
sized, and the development of the 
moral and spiritual man given the 
first place in education. Mr. Den- 
linger is a ready off-hand speaker, 
and knows how to hold his audience. 

The music, though here mentioned 
last, was not the least enjoyable part 
of the programme. 

The soloist, Rev. J. H. Von Nieda, 
an ex-member of the society, is always 
welcome before an Annville audi- 
ence. He rendered very acceptably 
the solos " Our King " and " Lovely 
Spring." The first was especially 
beautiful and well rendered. 

The vocal duet by Messrs. .Yon 
Nieda and Scott was highly appre- 

The society quartet, composed of 
Messrs. Scott, Mohn, Yohn and 
Haak, gave two selections, quite 
charming the audience with their 
rendering of "The Skippers of St. 
Ives." They closed the programme 
with " Far Away the Camp Fires 

The rostrum was tastefully deco- 
rated with flowers and pictures, 
showing that the ffisthetic is not 
being neglected. Eveiy one went 
home feeling that Kalozetea is a suc- 
cess, and that the Kalozetean boys 
know how to entertain royally. 


gr eat ln ^ Iviclu al in "relation to the 
"toral questions which involve 

Canon Farrar's Latest and Greatest 
work, « The Story of St. Paul," is by far 
the best life of the great Apostle to the 
Gentile that has ever been written ; this 
is admitted by nearly all the great Bible 
scholars of the day. 

Dr. Farrar has a fascinating way of 
writing that thrills the reader. He tells 
the story of St. Paul's life and works 
with such a glow of fervor that every one 
will find a new interest, and will read 
and re-read this wonderful volume. 

The publisher, Henry Neil. 44 East 
14th Street, New York City, has made 
the book in popular style, illustrating it 
with a lar<ie number of new wood en- 
gravings and superb colored maps. 

The colored plates are the finest repro- 
ductions ever made of any paintings. 
The original paintings are the most fa- 
mous and best ever put upon canvass. 
They have made the artists' names im- 
mortal. Every one has heard of Rubens, 

Raphael and Dore, and in order to have 
every subscriber to "The Story of St. 
Paul" possess a copy of their greatest 
paintings in the original colors, the pub- 
lisher sent artists to the different art gal- 
leries where these paintings now are, and, 
at great expense, copied them to the most 
minute detail — making photograph to 
get the correct outlines, and copying the 
exact colors, shadings, etc. These col- 
ored plates alone are worth more than the 
price of the book. 

No other book has ever been made in 
such a handsome style, with such mag- 
nificent illustrations, written by such a 
world-renowned and able author, to be 
sold by subscription at such a marvel- 
ously low price. 

Tids book is sure to have a very large 

Mr. William Henry Bishop begins his 
series of papers on ''An American at 
Home in Europe " in the April number 
of the Atlantic Monthly His first chap- 
ter is on " House-Hunting and House- 
Keeping in Brittany, Pans, and the sub- 
urbs of Paris." The paper is most in- 
teresting, written in a lively styh% and 
with all the thousand " points " which a 
person who lives abroad can give to those 
who do not live there, but who wish to 
do so. Antoinette O^den's paper, "A 
Drive through, the Black Hills" is worth 
a careful reading. This may be s .id with 
still greater emphasis about a paper of a 
widely different type, namely, "The 
Federal Taxation of Loiteries," by Hon. 
T. M. Cooley, late Chief Justice of Mich- 
igan. A cleverly composed "trilogy" 
o:i naval subjects will delight the lover 
of things nautical,— " Admiral Farra- 
gut," by Edward Kirk Rawson, " Amer- 
ican Sea Songs," by Alfred M. Williams, 
and "The Limit in Battle Ships," by 
John M. Ellicott. For the fiction of the 
number we find some chapters of Craw- 
ford's "Don Orsino," and a clever, 
baffling story by Henry James, called 
"The Private Life." An interesting 
study of the impressionist school of 
painters is furnished by Cecilia Waern, 
under the modest title of " Some Notes 
on French Impressionism." It is impar- 
tial, and the writer understands her sub- 
ject thoroughly. "Legal Disfranchise- 
ment" is another of those unsigned 
papers which readers of the Atlantic have 
of late begun to speculate about. Some 
other papers which we have not space to 
do justice to, and the reviews of new 
books close the number. 

Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston. 



Canon Farrar's Latest and Greatest Book. 
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>8S-Read this good endorsement by Rev. A. 

Ebenezer, Pa., January 4, 1832. 

I have much pleasure in recommending 
Dr. Lembei ger's Compound T<rr Lozenges, 
having used them very irequeutly .luring 
the past two years— they have, always relieved 
a tickling In the throat and hoarseness. I 
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Pastor U. 1$. Church. 

Stilt by Mail on Receipt of Price. 

25 Cts. a Box. 5, 10 and 15e. Packages. 

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The International, which bears imprint of 
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SEPTEMBER, 1891 ; 
In some Departments even later. 

Some of its Features are: 

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Lebanon Valley College 

VOL. V. No. 5. 



H, Clay Deanbr, A. M., Professor of Latin. 

E. Benj. Bibrman, A. M., President. 
J. E. Lehman, A.M., Professor of Mathematics 
Miss Sarah M. Sherrick, Ph. B., 

Professor of English Language. 
Rkv. J. A. MoDermad, A. M., 

Professor of Greek and Natural Science. 
Miss Carrie G. Ebt, 

Professor of Piano and Voice. 
Miss Ella Moyer, Professor of Harmony. 
Miss Emma E. Dittmar, Professor of Art. 

ANNVILLE, PA., MAY, 1892. 

Whole No. 51. 

The musical part will be given by 
Prof. Lehman, Misses Eby and Ella 
Moyer, Mrs. Ella Smith Light, Prof. 
W. J. Baltzell, Mr. C. J. Barr and 
Rev. Grant Shaeffer. 

Clionian Society— Miss Anna R. Forney. 
Philokosmian Society— D. Albert Kreider. 
Kalozetean Society— D. Newton Scott. 

Sm C. Huber, '92. 
Horace W. Crider, '93. 
William H. Kreider, '94. 

We have before spoken of our 
handsome chapel. Its beauty has 
become greatly enchanced by the re- 
painting of the seats and windows 
in oak. This improvement suggests 
another to give the chapel a complete- 
ness — that of stained glass in the win- 

H. Clay Deaner. 

» s are. 

Ah communications or items of news 
should be sent to the Editor in Chief. Sub- 
scriptions should be sent to the PubUsh- 
H Agent. 

THK COLLEGE FORUM will be sent 
onthly for one school year on receipt of 
e'lty-five cents. Subscriptions received at 
an y nine. 

Pil?-V erms of advertising, address the 
rut »Uslung Agent. 

ere d at the Post Office at Annville, Pa. 
^^econd-class mail matter. 


Ta * graduating class of '92 is the 
T ' gest in tJ ie history of the college. 
U Ambers twenty. 

iGt°h 0Mi i ENCEMENT wil1 be on June 

L • It is hoped that all friends of 

one or WiU be P resent during 
to| )e J, more da y s r as this is expected 
coll ee . beSt in the histor J of the 

Pr °gram f P re P a red a special 

S. o n [° r Tu esday evening. Prof. 

„ A " M " ° f M0tOn ' Pa '' 
i. ]^ ' Uev - J- Henderson Kurtz, 

Vl;, Pitt8bur g h > Pa-, is histo- 

The prospects for a large increase 
in attendance next year are very 
good. Already twelve have arranged 
to enter in September, while weekly 
requests for catalogues are received. 
If all our friends will aid us, Lebanon 
Yalley College will enroll one hun- 
dred students the first week. 

There are enough young people in 
the patronizing territory to have 
twice that number. It is our pur- 
pose to reach that number. To do 
it, will require work, not only work 
by a few, but by trustees, alumni, 
ex-students, faculty and friends. The 
whole church would rejoice, to see 
the halls of Lebanon Valley crowded 
to over-flowing. How easy it could 
be done if everybody would talk 
Lebanon Valley College to the young 
people of the church. 

performed the last rites and ceremo- 
nies at the deceased's funeral. 

Mr. Sanders entered Lebanon Val- 
ley College in the fall of 1870, and 
was graduated with the class of 1877, 
serving as janitor of the institution 
the greater part of this time. He 
was a faithful student, an industrious 
worker in any cause that he es- 
poused, and leaves many friends to 
mourn his early death. After his 
graduation he joined the East Penn- 
sylvania Annual Conference, and de- 
voted his life to the work of the gos- 
pel ministry, serving a number of 
fields successfully. His labors ended 
at Marietta, to which circuit he was 
appointed by Bishop Kephart at the 
last Fall Conference at Reading. He 
leaves a sorrowing wife and three 
children. Peace to his ashes ! 

6f Mrs. Jennie Crouse,M. A., 


is essayist. 

Rev. Monroe P. Sanders. 

We are sorry to inform the many 
readers of The Forum that the Rev. 
Monroe P. Sanders is no more. 
He died on the morning of Tuesday, 
the 10th day of May, at Marietta, 
Lancaster county, and was buried 
near Sunbury the following Friday. 
Presiding Elder Dohner, a personal 
friend and schoolmate, with the as- 
sistance of the Rev. M. J. Mumma, 

Commencement Week. 

The following is the order of ex- 
ercises for commencement week : 

SUNDAY, JUNE 12, 1892. 

10 A. M. Baccalaureate sermon 
by the Rev. Bishop E. B. Kephart, 
D. D., LL. D. 

2 P. M. Address before the grad- 
uates of the Bible Normal Union, bv 
Rev. C.'J. Kephart, A. M. 

7:30 P. M. Annual Sermon by the 
pastor, Rev. Henry B. Spayd. 


7:30 P. M. Graduating Exercises 
of the Department of Music. 


9 A. M. Annual Meeting of the 
Board of Trustees. 

7:30 P. M. Public Meeting of the 
Alumni Association. Alumni ban- 


Quarter-Century Anniversary Ex- 
ercises. Addresses by Judge John 
B. McPherson, Bishop Kephart, 
Rev. Dr. Eberly, Hon. Henry Houck, 
President Bierman and others. 


9 A. M. Commencement Exer- 



The public is most cordially in- 
vited to attend. Railroad orders 
may be secured for reduced fares, 
on the Reading and the Cumber- 
land Valley Railroads by addressing 
the President of the College. 

The Y. M. C. A. Convention at 

The fifth annual convention of the 
Young Men's Christian Associations 
of the Harrisburg district, includ- 
ing Adams, Cumberland, Dauphin, 
Franklin, Lebanon and Perry coun- 
ties, met at Gettysburg, April 22- 
24, '92. The four delegates from 
L. V. C. joined the delegates of 
Harrisburg associations and arrived 
about 2 p. m. at Gettysburg, where 
we were met by representatives of 
the town association, and directed 
to the Y. M. C. A. rooms. After 
registering, we were assigned to our 
respective homes during our sojourn 

The first session, held in Metho- 
dist Episcopal church, was opened 
at 2:45 with devotional exercises, 
conducted by W. H. Rinek, Harris- 
burg, Chairman of the Convention. 
The writer was again elected Secre- 
tary of Convention. Gilbert Beaver, 
Assistant State Secretary, gave an 
impressive Bible talk, after which 
the Convention adjourned, in re- 
sponse to an invitation from the Y. 
M. C. A. of Pennsylvania College, 
to their hall, where the college asso- 
ciation gave a very cordial reception. 

In the evening the Convention 
opened with half hour's song ser- 
vice. The address of welcome was 
delivered in Christ Lutheran Church 
by Rev. Dr. Hay, of Gettysburg 
Theological Seminary. Response 
was made by W. H. Rinek, followed 
by the address of the evening by Rev. 
Dr. Leak. 

The following papers were read 
and discussed on Saturday morning: 
" Personal Purity," by G. S.. Hull, 
M. D., Chambersburg ; " The* Rela- 
tion of Athletics to Y. M. C. A. 
Work," by N. B. Masters, Dickinson 
College ; " The Y. M. C. A. Star 
Course," by Dewitt A. Fry, Harris- 

The Convention re-assembled at 
2:30 p. m. The programme was 
opened with a paper, " What agencies 
can be successfully used by the as- 
sociation in small towns," by Prof. 
Dutton, Carlisle, followed by a paper 
on " Committee Work," by Harry 
Stock, Carlisle, and a paper on " The 
Missionary Movement in College Y. 
M. C. A. Work," by G. K. Hartman, 
Lebanon Valley College. Gilbert 
Beaver conducted a parlor confer- 
ence for college young men from 
2:30 to 3:30. 

The Convention re-assembled at 
7:30. James B. Bailey, Jr., Harris- 

burg, read a short paper on " Why 
Business Men are interested in Y. 
M. C. A." The principal feature of 
the evening's programme was the 
addresses given by the six young 
men of Indian Training School, 
Carlisle. One hundred Indian young 
men were converted during the year 
through the influence of Y. M. C. 
A. at this school. 

They recognize that Christianity 
is a great power, and they say if it 
is applied to the Indians in a proper 
way the Indian question will be 
settled. It is time that it should be 
settled. We want no sa vages among 
this civilized people. They talk in 
this manner : How often have you 
thought of the Indians in your 
country who have never heard of the 
gospef of Jesus Christ, or of such a 
person as Jesus ? While you are 
sending your missionaries to India, 
Japan, China and Africa, the very 
place where Moses received the law 
from God, where Christ went for 
protection, I want to know how 
many times you have passed the 
plate around for the support of mis- 
sionaries in the Indian Territory, 
or Arizona, or Dakota. They want 
our religion. How many Indians 
there are to-day on the prairies and 
in the forests who are dying with- 
out receiving any ray of light, any 
word of Christ from this great Chris- 
tian nation ? They want the gospel, 
our education, the privileges we en- 
joy for the cultivation of their abil- 
ities, since they are God's creatures, 
made by Him and endowed with the 
same gifts we possess. To show 
their attitude, a certain Indian said : 
" We are a part of you. Your fore- 
fathers framed this government, say- 
ing that all men are created equal ; 
that all these United States are one, 
and we want not only United States, 
but a united people, who will work 
together for good and for the uplift- 
ing of their fellowmen. We do not 
want a separate people ; we want to 
prepare for the world to come, where 
we will be united, for we will walk in 
the golden streets of a city which 
Christ has gone to prepare for us." 
One said in his closing remarks : " I 
want you to understand that if we 
cannot become citizens of the United 
States we can become citizens of the 
Kingdom of Heaven." They truly 
believe in the God of promise, who 
has said : w I will never forget nor 
forsake thee." 

A consecration service was held in 
Christ Lutheran church on Sunda}*- 
morning at 9 o'clock. From 3:30 to 
4:30 a men's mass meeting was held. 
These meetings were conducted by 
Gilbert Beaver. 

The Sabbath evening service con- 
sisted of a lecture on " The co-opera- 
tion of religious work with the vari- 
ous denominations," by Dr. Russell 

of New York City. Among other 
things, he said, co-operation is needed 
to bring a better esprit to the work, 
to take care of our community, 
Acquaintance breaks down church 
barriers. Pure and undefiled relig. 
ion is to visit. 

Farewell meeting was led by Gil- 
bert Beaver. It was a solemn ser- 
vice and at its close all joined in 
singing the Y. M. C. A. doxology, 
"Blest be the tie that binds." The 
Convention was a very profitable 
and impressive one. The delegates 
were impressed more than ever of the 
marvelous work there is for young 
men to do, and of our responsibilities 
which are immeasureable by human 
thought. It becomes the Christian 
church to run after young men and 
save them. Everybody is after young 
men, the devil, the saloon, and the 
gambling place is open, etc. 

One great advantage of the asso- 
ciations is that it gives the churches 
a chance to work together. 

On Monday forenoon many of the 
delegates visited the battlefield and 
cemeteries, after which we returned 
to our work much pleased, strength- 
ened and invigorated by our trip. 

History of the Philokosmian lit 
erary Society of Lebanon 
Yalley College. 

From its Origin, May 6, 1867, to May 6, M 


Man is essentially a creature of 
community and association. Though 
he may live in temporary or partial 
seclusion, no man can live entire') 
independent of all others. Every 
man is in part responsible for the 
condition of his fellow man ; W 
equally so for his personal improve- 
ment as made possible by his expe- 
rience with others. Both of these 
ends, therefore, demand among roe" 
association for mutual improvemen- 

This dependence is especially 11 '; 
ticeable among students. For th e > 
information they rely largely on | 
researches and discoveries of tb° 
who have preceded them. *1 
sonally to read all the works a kn" 
edge of which is essential to ^ ^ 
education, is almost impossible 
a student who is diligently P ul \ U lj 
a regular course and who t9 ^ 
proper precautions for his b e * j 
But by regular meeting of orga Dl | 
students, various subjects nia} 
assigned for individual study a 111 ^ 
the repective members ; and tb u y 
each contributing his quota of ^ 
all by manifesting an interest ^ 
attention, may in one evenh 1 ? ' 
tain information on a variety 
works and subjects, each of ^ 
would have required as mucb 





a re 
are t 

'-' x pec 

v ari e( 
v ocal 
Q eath 

and p 



mal labor and time as had been 
estowed by all. 

By thus associating in common in- 
erests, students profit by each oth- 
r's knowledge and experience ; they 
eceive an impetus for broader fields 
f study ; they are spurred on by 
mulation and enjoy many privileges 
f which they would otherwise be 

The realization of these facts by 
le first students of Lebanon Valley 
ollege, led them, on May 6, 1867, a 
uarter of a century ago to-night, to 
stablish such an organization under 
he name of the Philokosmian Liter- 
ary Societ}' — Philokosmian signify- 
ing " Lovers of the Beautiful." Sev- 
eral years thereafter (March 27, 
1872), adopting as their motto Esse 
Quam Videri — to be rather than to 

The worthy aim of this society, the 
ennobling spirit which its name em- 
bodies, and the honorable sentiment 
of its motto, seems a sufficient guar- 
antee of an illustrious history. But 
when we remember that the very in- 
auguration of this society was not 
without an invocation of Divine as- 
sistance, and that devotional exer- 
cises — including song, Scripture- 
reading and prayer — has character- 
ized every meeting throughout the 
twenty-five years of our existence, 
there is revealed in our prosperity 
the guiding hand of the Divine 
Author of the Beautiful ; the hand of 
Him who can be no other than He 

The sessions of this society, which 
are held every Friday evening, are 
divided under two heads — Rhetorical 
and Business. Under these heads 
the history will be traced. 

The rhetorical exercises consist of 
a regular programme, which is at 
times miscellaneous, but more gen- 
erally upon some theme. The theme 
may be in literature, in which fre- 
quently the productions of an age 
are taken up, studied, criticised and 
compared by discussions and debates. 
On other occasions the topics may be 
religious, historical, social or political. 
No live question escapes discussion 
°i' debate. 

In addition to this there is a semi- 
monthly paper, entitled Living 
thoughts, the contents of which are 
expected to be consistent with the 

% the aid of an organ, (procured 
March 4, '81), these programmes are 
Varied, with instrumental as well as 
v ocal music. The programmes are 
neatly type-written and published on 
0ll r bulletin, (presented by Geo. Durr 
and Perry Heindel, of York,) which 
kangs outside the chapel door. 
The history under this head has not 
ee n much varied. The executive 
e .°ttmittee encourages all kinds of 
'terary performances ; and the critic, 

who reports at the close of the pro- 
gramme, is urged to discard all tim- 
idity, and to criticise firmly and min- 
utely, but in an impartial and frater- 
nal spirit, while the society as a bod} r 
gives most of the encouragement by 
way of applause. Ours is a society' 

whose very existence is the result ofj friends, this department has grown 

■ 1 till at present it contains over eight 

The Library is the oldest b. 
of the society's work. From . 
meagre start, by efforts in the way 
of entertainments, lectures, indi- 
vidual contributions and donations 
from our grand list of honorary and 
ex-active members, and generous 

a desire for improvement. Not „ 
association of those who envy each] 
other's progress, but of those who\ 
" take pride in [their] friends' accom-\ 
plishments as if they were [their] 
own;" a society which gives en- 
couragement where it is needed, 
praise where it is merited and cen^ 
sure where that will be salutary. J 
One feature of unusual interest in 
the Rhetorical work is our conjoint 
sessions with the Clionians, in which 
both ladies and gentlemen take part 
in the programme. Similar meetings 
had been held before (Oct. 25, 1878), 
but for some reason abandoned ; the 
socities thereafter only exchanging 
visits. During the last year the idea 
was again proposed, and resulted in 
two excellent meetings. (See Forum, 
October, '91, and March, '92.) 

The business sessions furnish more 
for the historian to record. In the 
earlier days of the society there was 
little interest in this department, 
there being no business other than 
that incidental to a purely literary 

The then active members felt their 
need of something which would be 
a continual stimulus to effort, and 
finally concluded that a competing 
society would best subserve that 
purpose. Thus, in 1877, originated 
our esteemed contemporary, the 
Kalozetean Literary Society. 

The founding of this societ} 7 had 
the desired effect. Our members 
were seized with a passionate emula- 
tion. Not a desire to keep others 
down, but a determination to merit 
that superiority which is sure of its 
reward. From that event dates a 
growth and development in the P. 
L. S. unequaled by any accessory of 
the College j yea, not even by the in- 
stitution itself. Members were added 
by the score ; strongholds were forti- 
fied and the sphere of labor widened. 
The introduction of new business 
ideas gave birth to others until, to- 
day, the society affords opportunities 
for business qualifications which no 
student of Lebanon Valley College 
outside of the P. L. S. enjoj's; in- 
deed its training is almost equal to 
that of a commercial school. 

Not only are these enterprises 
beneficial to the society itself, but 
they have .become a source of 
strength, of influence and of attrac- 
tion to the whole College, as will be 
seen from the various branches of bus- 
iness the control of which we have as- 
sumed, and which to-day are the best 
advertising media of the institution. 

hundred judiciously selected vol 
umes of ths choicest literature of the 

These books are kept in an apart- 
ment back of the reading room (se- 
cured by petition, Fall term, '83). 
The place, however, is small and 
underground, and the books are 
suffering from the effects of the 

Besides the books in our own 
library, the society purchased Dick- 
ens' complete works and presented 
them to the Clionian Literary So- 
ciety ("Sept. 21, '83.) 

The Reading-room is a depart- 
ment of which not only the society 
but the whole institution may be 
proud. It was started in the Fall 
term of '78 (Oct. 22, '78), and con- 
tains news and literature excelled by 
few reading-rooms of a like nature. 
In it there are nine dailies, twenty- 
six weeklies, twenty-four monthly 
papers and magazines, and a number 
of miscellaneous publications. 

The reading-room during the last 
year has been neatly papered, 
painted, wainscoted and newly car- 
peted, which, with the addition of an 
excellent light, has made a great 

A Lecture Course, however in- 
dispensable to a good institution, 
was never undertaken till the Philo 
boys, realizing the importance and 
need of such instruction, determined 
that if any effort could support a 
course at L. V. C. it should have 

In the fall term of '81 the society 
ventured upon this new enterprise 
by preparing and submitting to the 
public their first course. In this by 
diligently soliciting patronage they 
were quite successful. 

Courses were likewise submitted 
in '82 and '83, and would have been 
continued annually, had not the 
envy of other societies too easily 
persuaded the faculty to take from 
us this industry. Having dis- 
covered, by two years of dismal 
failure in conducting a course, 
" that not all is gold that glistens," 
they were generous enough to again 
leave this in the hands of P. L. S. 

The boys decided to build anew 
the shattered foundation, and from 
that time on have been improving it 
under increasing patronage ; until 
to-day we are having courses which 
compare favorably with the courses 
they are having anywhere else. 
The society has brought to the 


jt. such lecturers as Russell H. 
^onwell, John DeWitt Miller, Dr. 
Hedley, Robert Nourse, " Eli Per- 
kins," Mary A. Livermore and Chas. 
F. Underhill, and among the musi- 
cal entertainments. The Boston Ideal 
Banjo Club, and The Imperial Quar- 
tet of Boston. 

Partly from the recollection of 
their experience in the Lecture 
Course, and partly from their disas- 
trous experiment with The College 
Forum, the faculty proposed to sub- 
mit that as another enterprise to the 
P. L. S., whose characteristic energy 
and determination they had now 
learned to respect. 

Up to January 1, 1891, the date at 
which we assumed control of The 
Forum, it had been conducted by the 
faculty at a considerable loss annu- 
ally. The report at the end of our 
first year's management showed an 
increase of 80 per cent, in circu- 
lation ; in advertisements, 90 per 
cent., and although we had to 
supply, without any remunera- 
tion, all subscriptions which had 
been paid in advance, and also 
run the advertisements to the ex- 
piration of their time, a small 
balance was left in the hands of 
the committee. 

Certain other enterprises which 
the society started it was com- 
pelled to abandon. Among these 
was the Natural History .Depart- 
ment, originated in 1877. (Speci- 
mens received January 12 and 
August 13, 1877.) The result 
was a fine collection of minerals, 
birds, reptiles and insects. This 
collection afforded students val- 
uable aid in the study of miner- 
alogy and zoology, and although 
for a time it rivaled that of the 
college proper, it had to be dis- 
continued for want of room. 

The P. L. S. at one time had 
an orchestra which furnished 
some excellent music at our an- 
niversary in '86. But this was 
also broken up by the ever- 
changing membership. 

For many years after its founding 
the society suffered many inconven- 
iences from having no regular place 
of meeting. It was not until the 
fall term of '7 6 that the room which 
we at present occupy was procured. 
This the society fitted up for its own 
use, but it is far from filling our 
present needs. 

Undoubtedly the grandest under- 
taking upon which the society ever 
ventured was the building of a Hall 
of its own (May 27, 1887). One 
which should contain a room for our 
regular meetings, a reading room, a 
library and a natural science room. 
Notwithstanding the fact that over 
$500 had been subscribed among the 
members, and much had been prom- 
ised outside, the Faculty again inter- 
fered and called a halt. [Afraid of 

it interfering with their plan of raising 
an endowment.] 

Such a hall is an absolute need of 
the societjr. For want of it we are 
suffering many inconveniences ; our 
books are moulding in the library ; 
the reading-room is damp ; the nat- 
ural science enterprise rendered en- 
tirely impracticable and a further 
widening of our sphere of influence 
made impossible. 

' At an early date an Endowment 
Fund was started, and has gradually 
grown very encouragingly. The in- 
terest of this money is invested in 
books for the Library. 

The mislaying and consequent 
loss of two one hundred dollar notes, 
several years ago, was an expensive 
lesson for the society, but one by 
which it has profited. 

It is very much hoped that this fund 
may ere long be converted into a hall. 

In March, 1891 (received May 13), 


through the kind aid of one of our 
ex-members, attorney S. P. Light, of 
Lebanon, the P. L. S. became a char- 
tered organization ; giving it greater 
privilege and security in business 

There are certain apparently in- 
significant customs characteristic of 
similar organizations which the P. 
L. S. has always observed ; because 
than these there is nothing more 
drastic in strengthening the esprit 
de corps of any association. 

Among these is our song, the 
words of which were composed by 
one of our most promising young 
men, Geo. J. C. Durr, whose death 
we were grieved to record during 
the last year. It is sung to the tune 
of " Old Lang Syne." 

Another was the adopting of the 

Escutcheon upon which every Philo- 
kosmian loves to rest his eyes; for 
on it he beholds the very soul of 
Philokosmian. The white back- 
ground implies purity, virtue — the 
basis of our each and every principle. 

One of our colors, Blue, embla- 
matic of truth, embodies the senti- 
ment of our motto. Gold, the other 
color, is symbolical of the value, the 
unquestionable worth of the society. 
The Battle-axes represent the weap- 
ons, or cogency, which onr discipline 
affords. While the form of the 
whole, a shield, is significant of the 
security which fidelity to our princi- 
ples guarantees. For an insignia of 
Philokosmians among strangers we 
have our Gold Badge in the form of 
a shield, (adopted, Nov. 18, 1878,) 
and the Colors, Gold and Blue, 
(adopted, Apr. 25, '90). For the blind 
we have our yell, (adopted, Apr. 25, 
'90) — which even the deaf can hear. 
From the foregoing review of 
the various branches of the so- 
ciety's work, both Rhetorical and 
Business, the control of which 
demands, on the part of its mem- 
bers, effort and skill — if not na- 
tive, to be acquired — it may he 
inferred that its discipline is val- 
uable. The superior opportuni- 
ties which the society affords its 
members for development in bus- 
iness and literary capacities are 
best proved ; and the influence 
which it is exerting upon Leb- 
H anon Yalley College, upon our 
government, upon society and 
upon religion, is best seen by 
briefly noting the position of 
honor occupied by our ex-mem- 
bers. With few exceptions time 
will allow but a classification. 

We have given to the pulpit 
sixty-five ministers, among which 
are five who have risen to the dig' 
nity of presiding eldership. We 
have six representatives in the' 
editorial chair; eight lawyers; 
four bankers; fifteen physicians; 
three state senators and repre- 
sentatives, and many successful 
merchants. Professors and teachers, 
we have furnished twenty-three, 
under which are included only such 
as have occupied positions higher 
than a public school. 

Among these was : " Prof. Wffl' 
B. Bodenhorn, who was superin- 
tendent of the public schools of 
Lebanon county, until death took 
him from his great work. 

Prof. I. A. Loose, who, after his 
graduation, entered Yale Divinity 
School, where he won the first priz e 
which took him to Leipsig. On his 
return he accepted a call from West- 
ern College, and at present occupies 
the chair of Political Science in low* 
State University. 

Dr. Jacob G. Hoffman, lecturer & 
^he Wichita Medical School, Kansas 
Pr. E. Hershey Sneath, profess©* 



Philo- of Ethics at Yale, one of the most 
s I for learned and eloquent lecturers of our 
°ul of ; country. 

back. Dr. J. W. Etter, Professor of 

e — -the Theology in Union Biblical Sem- 
nciple. inary, Dayton, 0.; Editor of U. B. 
embla. Quarterly Review, and author of 

senti. , works on " Homiletics," " Christian 
* other | Baptism," and a " Thorn in the 
ue,the ; Flesh." 

ociety. ' In our own institution it will be 
noticed that of the thirty-two trus- 
tees, thirteen are ex-Philokosmians. 
Moreover, that the President of this 
Board of Trustees is our founder 
and first President, D. W. Crider, of 
York, Pa. 

Mr. Crider is one of our success- 
ful business men who is exerting an 
inestimable influence for the church 
for the cause of education and for 
good in general. His benevolence 
has made Lebanon Valley College 
grateful for several thousand dol- 
lars. The church has seen fit to 
place him on the Board of Trustees 
of the U. B. Publishing House, of 
Dayton, 0., as the only delegate 
east of the Alleghenies. In this 
Board his superior executive ability- 
was soon recognized by an election 
to its chair, which honor he was 
compelled to decline because of other 
labors, and the disadvantage of dis- 

While we are pleased to have with 
as tins evening, and to point with 
pride to this our founder and first 
president, we recognize in his son, 
o«r present chairman, one who " we 
nope and believe, will be as credita- 
j'e to his alma mater and his society 
as is his father." 

Returning again to our own insti- 
tut on it will be noticed that every 
!»ale member of the Faculty, except- 
of T v W n°' alth °ugh never a student 
ttiftk 1 ' 1S an ex-Philokosmian : 
J* that at the head of this Faculty 

Bel 8 0116 0f our founders, E. Benj. 
^man,who, in the two years of 

colwT T-° y aS P residen t of the 
oy his superior qualities as 

have traced its humble business ven- 
tures until we have seen it supplv 
the college with many absolute 
needs ; until we have seen a further 
extension of its boundaries made 
impossible by lack of accommoda- 
tions in the main building. 

It is the heartfelt concern of the 
present historian that he who shall 
prepare the history of the P. L. S. at 
the completion of its half century, 
may be able to state that in '92-'93 
the society entered upon a new era of 
prosperity, all encumbrances having 
been removed by the building of a 
hall — a hall which shall stand as an 
honor and an impetus to the Philo- 
kosmian Literary Society, as an ad- 
ditional prestige to Lebanon Valley 
College, and as the grandest monu- 
ment of our magnanimous ex-mem- 
bers and friends. 

tive \k , n . 1Ctor ' and his keen execu 
• ability has brought L. V. C. to t 

better m 

tionth • m ° re P ros Perous condi- 
all ef J ' an lfc has ever known. Despite 
Bomie a t0 the contra rv, his eco- 
b as in*- succe ^ful management 
and st n lr - confide nce, which has, 
to thl 1S P e niug pocket books 
The el n eeds of the institutions, 
j^icion improvements bv his 

evia en ex Penditures are ample 

There i<f S ° f his sound judgment, 
a f e * m ever y reason to believe that 
*ill snre 6 years °f bis management, 
C -in ^ 6 t0 fi rmly establish L. V. 
tQe way of prosperity. 


^ni/.r been thc history of this 
is * n on. Such the influence it 
m g- From its founding we 

e «ert 

The Philokosmian Silver 

May 6th was a red-letter day in the 
history of the Philokosmian Liter- 
ary Society, having celebrated its 
twenty-fifth anniversary under the 
most auspicious circumstances. The 
chapel put on a festive appearance, 
and looked unusually attractive. 
The rostrum was filled with potted 
flowers, ferns and cedars, which were 
artistically arranged by Miss Ditt- 
mar, the teacher of Art. 

In the recess was hung the escutch- 
eon of the society, with the motto, 
" Esse Quam Videri," in gilt letters. 
Every available space of the chapel 
was filled to overflowing. 

At 7:40 Prof. 0. H. IJnger's or- 
chestra of Reading, Pa., played a se- 
lection of music, when the society 
entered in a body, the officers and 
speakers occupying the rostrum, 
while the members and ex-members 
were seated to the north side of the 

_ - President E. Benjamin Biermanled 
in invocation. 

The President of the society, Mr. 
Horace W. Crider, '93, of York, Pa., 
then welcomed the large audience to 
the 25th anniversary. We are just 
passing the 25th year of our exist- 
ence ; we are ever true to our motto ; 
whether we have been progressive 
the historian will show ; this is the 
most prosperous year since the so- 
ciety was founded ; ex-members have 
reached high positions, and we have 
labored for our welfare. He again I 
extended a hearty welcome to all. I 
Mr. Seba C. Huber, '92, of Cham- 
bersburg, Pa., spoke on 

"earth's battlefields." 

Earth s battlefields mark the places 
where the links of the great chain of 
history have been forged. 
| [Eden, the scene of the first en- 
gagement, shaped the course of all 

history. Of the thousands of fields 
contributing to the world's advance- 
ment, Marathon, Syracuse, Tours, 
Hastings, Saratoga and a few others 
won the great boons. All through 
the ages intelligence and virtue have 
been waging a continuous war against 
ignorance and vice. The churches, 
schools, legislatures, and election 
polls of the world, mark distinct 
lines of battle. The discussions of 
the individual mind are the most 
important, for on them depend the 
results of all engagements. 

Battles divide themselves into two 
classes as to the inducing cause, 
those of ambition and those of in- 
dependence, and further as to powers 
employed, into physical and mental. 
In the early ages ambition and men- 
tal power generally prompted the 
conflicts and decided their issues ; 
to-day the opposite is true. The 
15th century marks the turning point 
in the great war of civilization. At 
that time the invention of printing, 
the mariner's compass and fire-arms' 
freed the peasantry, wrested the 
power from the hands of the pope, 
turned the tide of battle in favor of 
intelligence, and from a state of chaos 
evolved modern Europe. 

In this enlightened age let 
America bury the sword and join 
hands with the civilized nations of 
the world in a great campaign 
against the forces of ignorance and 
vice, so that the evening shades of 
the twentieth century may fall on a 
world blessed with perpetual peace 
and happiness. 

Mr. S. Henry Stein, '92, of Ann- 
ville, delivered a eulogy on " The 
Good Gray Poet." The life of the 
good gray poet, Walt Whitman, is 
but the repetition of many an 
American boy's life; born at West 
Hills, but brought up in Brooklyn, 
where he learned the printing trade ; 
going to the far West, where he re- 
ceived fresh impressions, he was 
associated with the military during 
the years of the civil war as relief 
agent in the army hospitals; his 
war poems are among the finest of 
heroic verse ; he spoke of the good 
qualities of the man in most fitting- 
terms, of his uncouth personality, 
his hatred of shams, his loyalty to 
nature and faith in democracy. 

Mr. D. Albert Krider, '92, of Ann- 
ville, was historian. [The history is 
given in another column.] 

Mr. Harry B. Roop, '92, of High- 
spire, Pa., took for his theme, 


All through the ages of the past 
the star of empire has been slowly 
taking its way towards the setting 
sun, until now, almost on the thresh- 
old of the twentieth century it seems 
to have readied the limit of its pro- 
gress, while civilization appears to 



stand on the pinnacle of greatness yon to-night, an honor to be a Philo- 

and the enlightened world to .take a 
retrospect. At the beginning of the 
last century the- proud monarchies of 
the old world would have laughed at 
the idea that the American colonies 
could ever rival them in power. For 
then they were mere experiments. 

Great Britain then had no idea 
other than that of holding the colo- 
nies under perpetual control. When 
at length she opened her eyes to 
their importance the Declaration of 
Independence had been written, and 
she found that the child of her's had 
left home and commenced life on its 
own account. 

The progress of the nation since 
her independence has been marvel- 
ous. The population now extends 
from sea to sea, and much more 
richly endowed in arable lands, in 
mineral wealth and in commercial 
advantages than any other nation. 
Never were people more justly proud 
of its dominion than are we, for 
England and other nations are rap- 
idly turning to a Republican form of 

Hence, we have a right to boast 
of the grand and glorious achieve- 
ments of our Republic ; in what it is 
doing for other nations as well as 
for our broad acreage, our civil 
rights and our free institutitns. 

American liberty has a meaning 
in which was attached to no Republic 
ancient, mediaeval or modern times; 
it was the germ which in the hand 
of Jefferson flowered into the Decla- 
ration of Independence. 

Furthermore we find that all the 
increased enlightenment and im- 
provement of the age have conspired 
to aid us in disseminating the prin- 
ciples of American liberty. But 
with our unprecedented progress as 
a nation, there are nevertheless evils 
that need to be checked, 3 T ea, eradi- 
cated or they will undermine our 
prosperity and the luster of our 
greatness ; for if we fail to uphold 
the banner of American liberty, we 
not only rob the succeeding genera- 
tions of their inheritance, but will 
be felt throughout the world and 
even to the end of all time. There- 
fore, with the dawning of the 20th 
century can we not confidently pre 
diet that he who has brought us thus 
far will raise up men of purity, of 
ability and of wisdom, adequate to 
the solution of every remaining prob- 
lem, and that American liberty will 
continue to be, as it has been during 
the last century, the beacon light 
guiding the nations of earth in to the 
haven of justice, equal rights, virtue, 
liberty and independence. 

C. H. Backenstoe, Esq., '81, B. S., 
of Harrisburg, delivered the ex- 
Philokosmian oration, "Every Day 
Life." Among other things he said ; 
" It is a happy privilege to be with 

.vosmian; ray theme is rather, a 
homely one, not a field for rhetoric ; 
it is the most important part of our 
education which is neglected. Our 
colleges and schools are of inestim- 
able value, but they cannot do all 
when you leave their halls ; then the 
battle only begins. The proper 
study of mankind is man. It is an 
imperative duty to know something 
of ourselves. Man is the supreme 
problem which confronts us every 
day, every week, every year. Did 
all pursue the same course all 
would be monotonous. All the great 
events can be traced to every day 
life. Washington was perhaps the 
only man that could win independ- 
ence for the colonies. The desire of 
liberty in our colonies came from 
every day life. The higher we place 
our standard the higher will be our 
attainments, and the value and influ- 
ence of each individual on every day 
life. "Esse Quam ViderV To be 
rather than seem, the principles that 
should animate our every day 
life. Let us follow the paths up- 
wards, ever remember the motto, and 
cultivate nobility for ourselves, and 
put it into use in the world." It 
was a scholarly production. 

The exercises closed by an ad- 
dress by Founder D. W. Crider, of 
York, Pa. He said : " It affords me 
great pleasure to be with you to- 
night on this joyous occasion." 
Spoke about the organization of the 
society twenty-five years ago ; the 
meeting then was quite different 
from now ; we had our ups and 
downs ; our mission is to do good 
unto others ; life is short, and he 
who reaches the highest pinnacle of 
fame will go to the grave the same as 
the beggar ; the years are coming 
and going and so are we ; let us live 
to make the world better. I am glad 
to-night that this society was estab- 
lished. Our great creator has made 
us for a great and noble purpose, to 
be somebody and do something. 

The address was witty and full of 
valuable suggestions. 

The music was of a high order, 
and rendered in such a happy style 
as to win the admiration of the en- 
tire audience. 

In every way the anniversary was 
a grand culmination of the labors of 
twenty-five years. The past has 
been full of noble achievements. 
The goal of past achievements is 
now the starting point of to day. 
The past is made. What will the 
future be? We trust grander, no- 
bler, and a larger development of 
the great possibilities within all. 


Immediately after the exercises of 
the anniversary were over, the so- 
ciety celebrated its Fifth Quinquen- 

nial Reunion in the dining hall f 
the college. About one hundred 
and fifty active, honorary, and ex- 
members were present. When all 
were seated, prayer was offered by 
Rev. H. B- Spayd. All then joined 
in singing the Philokosmian song; 

Come Philokosmians all unite 
In songs of hearty cheer, 

We welcome to this hall to-night 
The friends who meet us here. 

On to our nohle end now press 
Our work demands our zeal , 
God will our humble efforts bles 
To our eternal weal. 
The menu consisted of beef, ham 
chicken salad, coffee, cakes, ice cream, 
fruits, nuts, wit, humor, and elo- 

The following toasts were given: 
" New Hall Project," by D. W. 

" Our Founder," by President E. 
B. Bierman. 

" Relation of ex-members to So- 
ciety," by A. R. Forney. 

" Our Late Improvements," by H, 
H. Kreider. 

" Relation of active members to 
Society," by Prof. H. Clay Deaner. 

" The Society a Sphere of Busi- 
ness," by M. S. Brightbill. 

" Relation of honorary members 
to the Society," by S. L. Brightbill, 

" My Sentiments," responded to 
by G. W. Stein, D. O. Shenk, David 
Kreider, Albert Seltzer and Joseph 
H. Kreider. 

The " new hall project " met with 
universal approval. Nearly $4,008 
were obligated, while promises were 
made that will amount to about 
$2,000 more. There is no doubt 
that the Philo hall is a certainty. 
Arrangements are in making to per- 
fect the scheme. Announcements 
will be made in the near future. T flf 
banquet of '92 will not soon be for- 
gotten. The committee and societj 
are to be congratulated on the happ? 
completion of so enjoyable an occa- 


Clionian Literary Society. 

Virtute et Fide. 

Miss Ada Beech pleasantly ^ 
tained her parents a few days 

Miss Eby, musical instructor 

attended the opera in whicn * 
sung in Philadelphia, reports 1 ^ 
favorably as to her appreciate 
the music. p. 

Miss Maggie Strickler visited ^ 
Burtner, and Miss Delia Roop 
ited the Misses Backenstoe. ^ 
Miss Lillian Quigley, who v 
present at the P. L. S. annive^ 
was the guest of Miss Wd 11 
from the 6th to 9th. 

Miss Clara Backenstoe 


a i 


f-v ( 


a iv 

at h 




all of 
i ex- 
n all 
id by 




town on the 6th, and called on 
friends at the hall. 

Miss Core, of Harrisburg, visited 
Miss Roop on the 6th. 

Miss Bertha Heberly engaged 
rooms at the hall, as her parents re 
moved from this place to York. 

The following was the programme 
for April 22nd.: 

Piano Duet, Misses Baker and Roop. 

Recitation, Maybelle Saltzer. 

Essay, Esther Mohn. 

Vocal Solo, Katie Mumma. 

Discussion— Does the U. S. need a larger 

navy? Katie Klinger. 

Essay— Home, Anna Keedy. 

Referred Question — Could Shakespeare 

have been a good orator, . . Mabel Saylor. 
Quartet— Misses Mumma, Klinger, Keedy 

and Roop. 

Debate— Resolved, That text books should 
be uniform throughout the country, 

Affirmative, Maggie Strickler, 

Negative, Laura Reider. 

Olive Branch, Lulu Baker. 

Solo, Elvire Stehman. 

The society, through the assist- 
ance and kindness of Mr. S. P. Light, 
of Lebanon, became a chartered 
body on April 28th. This was found 
to be necessary for the progress of 
the society. We are glad the idea 
of having a charter, which has been 
considered for a few years, has been 
realized, as we now exist more in- 
dependently, and are enabled to take 
definite action in regard to what 
previously was impossible. 

The Society hopes to have the 
pleasure of entertaining the Philos. 
on the 13th. 

Kalozetean Literary Society. 

Palma nun sine Pulvere. 

Prof. J. E. Lehman made the so- 
C1 ety a pleasant call Friday evening, 
April 22d. The Professor is always 
a welcome visitor, and his words of 
encouragement and advice are highly 

The question for debate on that 
evening was : " Resolved, That the 
jecent Chinese legislation was justi- 

Mr. Gr. D. Needy was elected a del- 
ate to the Y. M. C. A. Conven- 
or, which convened at Gettysburg, 
YS April 22d to 24th. He also took 
opportunity to visit the battle- 

( and cemetery at that place. 
l 6 Jr r ' J - 0. Mohn left school April 
a V' retuvne d after having spent 

M -D at his home in Rea ding, Pa. 
cietT r lwin K. R"dy joined our so- 

at, K{g V J H- Artz spent a few days 

Jffr A° me ' leavin S here May 3d. 
h. s A A , a y on M- Engle joined the K 


A Pril 26th. 

Wia S £ ciet y presented Miss Eby 
Works- 11 Set of Ge orge Elliott's 
lent sp ln - a PP reci ation of the excel- 
er vices rendered in the musical 

part of the anniversary programme. 
The set is in eight volumes, bound in 

Also a volume of Longfellow's 
poems was presented to Miss Ditt- 
mar for so tastily arranging the dec- 

While in the midst of the enjoy- 
ment of the P. L. S. anniversary, the 
members of our society were sud- 
denly very much astonished and 
chagrined at a statement of the his- 
torian, in which he arrogated to 
them (the Philos) the honor of hav- 
ing founded the Kalozetean Literary 
Society. We are not at all surprised 
that the gentleman should want to 
crown his society with glory by 
claiming this honor, but he should 
not presume too much upon the 
ignorance of his audience, or else 
make his statements where his 
fallacies will not be detected. How- 
ever, it is only another proof to us 
that history does repeat itself; for 
the defect of the ancient Livy, that 
of searching for facts, but paying 
little attention to their truthfulness, 
seems to stand out very prominent 
in this young historian of the 
P. L. S. 

We are proud to inform the 
gentleman that the founders of the 
Kalozetean Literary Society are 
men whose names have never been 
on the Philokosmian roll-book. 

In this case, brother historian, we 
would suggest that you reverse the 
order of your Society's motto, and 
make it " Videri quam esse," for we 
have no objections to your seeming 
to be our parent, but the honor of 
the " esse " must forever remain to 

Class of '92. 

On the evening of the 21st ultimo, 
the class took dinner with Mr. A. R. 
Kreider, at his home on East Main 

Surrounding the large tables, laden 
with all the various luxuries of the 
season, each member clearly and 
forcibly demonstrated to their host 
that his entertainment was most 
highly appreciated. After dinner 
several hours were enjoyably spent 
in social conversation and at various 
parlor games. Pres. Bierman and 
wife were with us on this occasion. 

Our Exchanges. 

The new exchanges which have 
received a welcome to our table since 
our last issue are The Pharetra, 
Coney Student, Our Animal Friends, 
and The Student, Portland, Oregon. 

The Pharetra is put up in very 
neat and attractive style. Its read- 
ing matter is instructive and enter- 
taining. The two prize stories, " Is 
it True " and "Two Japanese Girls," 
deserve special mention. 

The Coney Student, among many 
other things, contains an article en- 
titled "Shall Women Vote," in 
which the author seems to shudder 
at the thought of women controlling 
the government. While we ourselves 
would not at present care to see the 
government under the complete con- 
trol of women, we still believe that 
women ought to have some part in 
its work, and therefore hope to see 
in the new future the franchise ex- 
tended to the fair sex. 

TIME TABLE— Dec. 1st, 1891. 

Down Trains 













A. M. 



A. M. 

P. M. 

P. M. 

P. M. 

Lv. Winchester 

6 45 



" Martin- b'g 

7 30 


7 00 

" Hagersto'n 



8 30 

12 25 

4 00 

10 05 

" Greencas'e 



8 55 

12 50 

4 27 

10 25 

" Ma ion.. 

9 05 

1 00 

4 37 

" Ct'amb'g.... 
" Shippens'g 

6 30 



9 20 

1 15 

4 55 

10 46 

6 55 



9 42 


5 09 

11 04 

" Newvi le ... 




10 02 

1 58 

5 40 

11 21 

" Carlisle 

7 37 



10 28 

2 20 

6 07 

11 41 

" Mechan'bg 

8 02 



10 53 

2 45 

6 34 

12 01 

Ar. Dillsburg... 
" Harrisbu'g 


4 40 

8 20 




11 15 

3 05 

6 55 

12 21 

" Philad'a 





6 50 

10 55 

4 25 

" New York.. 

2 00 



5 50 

9 35 

3 50 

7 10 

" Baltimore.. 




3 20 

6 45 

10 40 

6 20 

P. M. 



P. M. 

P. M. 

P. M. 

A. M. 

Additional Train will leave Carlisle daily except 
Sunday at 5:50 a. m., stopping at all intermediate sta- 
tions, arriving at Harrisburg at 6:40 a. m. 

Atlantic Express and Night Express east will run 
daily between Harrisburg and Hagerstown, and Even- 
ing Mail daily between Harrisburg andChambersburg. 








Up Trains. 







P. M. 

A. M. 

A. M. 

A. M. 

P. M. 



Lv. Baltimore.. 


4 50 

9 10 

11 55 

4 20 



" New York 

8 00 


9 00 




" Puilad'a 

11 25 

4 30 

8 50 

11 40 




" Harrisb'g... 

5 33 

7 45 

12 30 


7 30 



" Dillsburg... 
" Mechnn'bg 

7 30 

10 15 

6 00 

5 52 

8 10 

12 50 


7 51 



" Carlisle 

6 14 

8 35 

1 15 

4 32 

8 15 



" Newviue.... 

6 36 

9 00 

1 39 

4 55 

8 42 



" Shippens'g 

6 55 

9 26 

2 00 


9 03 



" Chamb'g.... 

7 18 


2 25 

5 40 




" Marion 

2 37 

5 52 

" Greencas'e.. 

7 40 

10 17 

2 47 

6 03 



" Hagerst'n... 


10 42 

3 13 

6 27 



" Martinsb'g 

11 27 


Ar. Winchester 

12 15 

7 55 

A. M, 

P. M. 

P. M. 

P. M. 

P. M. 



Additional Train will leave Harrisburg daily except 
Saturday and Sunday at 6:20 p. m., arriving at Car- 
lisle at 7:10 p. m., stopping at all intermediate stations, 
and on Saturdays train will leave Harrisburg at 5;20 
p. m., arriving at Carlisle at 6:10 p. m., stopping at all 
i , termediate stations. 

Memphis Exp ess and New Orleans Express run 
daily between Harrisburg and Hagerstown, and Morn- 
ing Mail daily 1 etu eenHarr sburg and Chambersburg. 

Pullman Palace Sleeping Cars between Hagerstown 
and New York on Atlantic Express and Night Ex- 
press east, and on Memphis Express and New Orleans 
Express wrst. 

Pullman Sleeping Cars on Night Express and New 
Orleans Express between Philadelphia and New Or- 

Through Coaches to and from Philadelphia on Morn- 
ing Mail east and Hagerstown Accommodation west. 



Canon Parrar's Latest and Greatest Book. 
Illustrated with Magnificent Reproduction of 



PRICE ONLY $2.75. - OUTFIT $1.00. 

Liberal Commission to Agents. 


Address HENRY NEIL, 

118 S. 7th Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 





; As Permanent Office Assistant. 

; Either Gentleman or Lady. No preference, qualifica- ■ 
, Hons being equal. Salary $750. and Railway fare paid ' 
to Office if engaged. Enclose reference and self-ad- ' 
dressed stamped envelope to 



John G. Kreider, 

Manufacturer of the following 
Grades of 

Full Roller Flour 

Anchor, Gold Leaf, White Wonder, Low Grade. 
Also, Dealer in 

Grain, Feed, Seed, Salt, Buckwheat 
and Rye Flour, and Corn Meal. 


Compound Tar Lozenges 

*S~Read this good endorsement by Rev. A. 

Ebenezer, Pa., January 4, 1892. 

I have much pleasure in recommending 
Dr. Lemberger's Compound Tar Lozenges, 
having used them very Irequently during 
the past two years— they have always relieved 
a tickling in the throat and hoarseness. I 
think they are invaluable for Public Speak- 
ers and Singers. (Signed) 

Pastor XI. li. Church. 

Sent by Mail on Receipt of Price. 

25 Cts. a Box. 5, 10 and 15c. Packages. 


Jos. L, Lemberger's Drug Store, Lebanon, Fa. 




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for every Family and School. 

The work of revision occupied over 
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CAUTION is needed in purchasing a dic- 
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English Language 

SEPTEMBER, 1891 ; 
In some Departments even later. 

Some of its Features are: 

Latest Census of all Countries; New State Maps made for this edition ; all Maps Revised to Novem- 
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Ife (College Jftfrum 

VOL. V. 

Lebanon Valley College 




H. Clay Deaner, A. M., Professor of Latin. 

E. 15knj. Bierman, A. M., President, 
j. K. Lehman, A.M., Professor of Mathematics 
Miss Sarah M. Sherrick, Ph. B., 

Professor of English Language. 
Kkv. 3. A. McDermab, A. M., 

Professor of Greek and Natural Science. 
Miss Carrie G. Eby, 

Professor of Piano and Voice. 
Miss Ella Mover, Professor of Harmony. 
Miss Emma E. Dittmar, Professor of Art. 

©Ionian Soeiety-Miss Anna R. Forney. 
1'hilolcosmian Society— D. Albert Kreider. 
Kalozetcan Society-D. Newton Scott. 

Seba C. Huber, '92. 
Horace W. Crider, '93. 
William H. Kreider, '94. 

H. Clay Deaner. 

All communications or items of news 
should be sent to the Editor in Chief. Sub- 
"Wptions should be sent to the Publish- 
"'g Agent. 

J?m COIXEGE FOKUM will be sent 
'tmy for one gchool year on receipt of 

"'tJ-hve cents. Subscriptions received at 
""J time. 

pi.* 6 " 1 " 5 of advertising, address tlie 
nbbslung Agent. 

at thTp^tToffice at~Annville, Pa. 
as second-class mail matter. 


ex J E § ive f «n accounts of all the 
So Cl ° 1Ses of commencement week, 

Qnab] 0U1 many friends who were 
eessfu e t0 attend may learn how suc- 

Cf>n. U } the entire programme was 
UQSu mmated. 

fesi^ VaCancies occasioned by the 
^nation of Misses Sherrick and 

th n t h be fiUed with the best talent 
near S f( aVailable ' *nd that too in the 
c aileies U Ure - As soon as the va- 

*illh« fille<l > an announcement 
be made. 

will be opened and laid out as soon 
as the crops are gathered. The cash 
was secured, save about one hundred 
dollars, on the day of purchase. 

The annual re-union of the Mary- 
land students will be held at Myers- 
ville, Md.,on the evening of July 
22. On the following day a picnic 
will be held in one of Myersville's 
picturesque groves. The young peo- 
ple of the vicinity are most cordi- 
ally invited to join us in the grove. 

The outlook for next j'ear is very 
good indeed. Already sixteen new 
students have been secured. The 
•canvass for students will be begun 
at once by the President and Pro- 
fessors. There should be at least 
one new student for each field of 
labor. We ask the co-operation of 
our friends. Send in names of young 
people who should be in college and 
we will see them. It is our purpose 
to open in the fall with the largest 
attendance the College has had for 
years. Let all friends bestir them- 

month is that of the conferring of 
the degree of Ph. D., upon our 
worthy President, E. Benj. Bierman, 
by the authorities of TJrsinus Col- 
lege at Collegeville, this State. 

The President's successful work 
at Lebanon Valley College alone 
merits the honor which he has re- 

At the same time the degree of 
Doctor of Divinity was conferred 
upon Rev. D. J. Waller, State Super- 
intendent of Public Instruction. 

Bomberger Memorial Hall, which 
cost $100,000, and is paid for, was 
also dedicated on the same day 
amidst the rejoicings of the friends of 

'N f raCt 0f land — between thr 
C °IW U ! acres — vvest of the main 


tile ^o a J ! Uldin S w as purchased by 
r(l of Trustees. The ground 

The visitors to commencement 
were highly pleased at the mauy im- 
provements made in the town and at 
the College. The class-rooms, halls 
and chapel were the admiration of 
all. The week before commencement, 
Mr. J. M. Shenk, of Lebanon, pre- 
sented a carpet for the rostrum. The 
pulse of the friends of the College 
never beat warmer, and willing hands 
were never more anxious to do for 
for the College than at present. We 
are entering upon a most auspicious 
period in the College's history. Great 
things the near future has in store 
for Lebanon Valley College. 

Bequest to Lebanon Valley College. 

The will of Levi S. Reist, late of 
Warwick township, which has been 
admitted to probate, bequeaths to 
the trustees of Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege, at Annville, the interest of $300 
and to the East Pennsylvania Con- 
ference of the U. B. Church, for the 
retired and needy ministers, the in- 
terest of $600— Lane. Examiner. 


Degrees Conferred. 

One of the most gratifying items 
of news that has come to us from 
our sister Colleges during the past 


With Sabbath morning, June 12, 
began the exercises of the twenty- 
third commencement of the College. 

The sun rose bright and clear, anp 
nature was robed in her most beauti- 
ful garb. The Committee on Deco- 
ration arranged potted plants very 
artistically, which gave the ros- 
trum a pleasing effect. The choir of 
the U. B. church, with Prof. John E. 
Lehman as leader, furnished the 
music for the entire day. 

The chapel was filled with friends 
who had come to hear the parting- 
words of counsel to the class. 

As Miss Ella Moyer played a vol- 
untary, President Bierman, Bishop 
E. B. Kephart, D. D., LL. D., ex- 
President C. J. Kephart, of Leb- 
anon, Pa., and Rev. A. H. Rice, of 
Baltimore, Md., took seats upon the 



rostrum, and the class of '92 took 
seats in the body of the chapel. 

After the choir sang a beautiful 
anthem, ex-President Kephart read 
the 91st Psalm, and after the singing 
of a hymn announced by Rev. Rice, 
led in invocation. Bishop Kephart 
preached the Baccalaureate sermon 
from Philippians iv., 1-8, which he 
read as follows : Finally, members 
of the senior class, whatsoever things 
are true, whatsoever things are 
honest, whatsoever things are just, 
whatsoever things are pure, whatso- 
ever things are of good report ; if 
there be any virtue, and if there be 
any praise, think on these things, and 
the peace of God, which passeth all 
understanding, shall keep your 
hearts and minds through Christ 

Members of the Senior class of 
Lebanon Yalley College, I have con- 
sented to take the place of your 
president on this morning to address 
some remarks to you, which I hope 
may be beneficial toj^ou. I suppose 
you have invited all your friends 
to these exercises to enjoy the oc- 
casion and to hear what I shall say 
to you. 

All men enter the race of life on 
an equality, at least in one particu- 
lar, and that is that all are equally 
ignorant. But their environments 
and their capabilities for the acquire- 
ments of knowledge differ widely, 
some having much greater capactty 
and aptitude than others. 

Life is made up of a series of im- 
portant epochs — infanc}^, childhood, 
youth, manhood, and old age. At 
the end of each of these epochs the 
avenues to great opportunities close, 
only to open again in the succeeding 
one to higher opportunities and 
larger fields for investigation. 

As a rule, men and women who 
are religiously inclined are prone to 
fall into this error, that there are 
only certain departments of life that 
are fruitful of cultivation; each think- 
ing the one in which he was reared 
and educated to be the best for the 
development of his particular talents. 

The word of God teaches that all 
fields, in every department of life, 
may be cultivated and made fruitful ; 
hence the apostle addressed his breth- 
ren in the language of the text : 

"Whatsoever things are true, what- 
soever things are honest, whatsoever 
things are just, whatsoever things 
are pure, whatsoever things are 
lovely , whatsoever things are of good 
report ; if there be any virtue, and 
if there be any praise, think on these 
things." This was a kind of Baccal- 
aureate sermon to his brethren. 

No period of life is more fraught 
with importance than graduation. It 
is expected that the habits of life 
have been well established in those 
who have had the privileges of train- 

ing and discipline which comes 
through education. The life of those 
who have had these advantages dif- 
fers widely from those who have not 
had these opportunities for self de- 
velopment and culture. 

As a rule, those who pass through 
the course of instruction in a Christ- 
ian college, are converted, and go 
out from such an institution to abide 
in their religious life. I have not 
known a single instance where any 
have failed to do this. On the other 
hand, I have not known a single 
instance of a person becoming re- 
ligious after leaving college, who has 
neglected the opportunities afforded 
by a course of training in a Christian 
college. They generally remain what 
they are ; they sometimes change, 
but very seldom. Hence, in so far 
as you have improved the oppor- 
tunities afforded in your college 
course, your life differs from those 
who have neglected those oppor- 
tunities, and from those who have 
not had such opportunities. But, 
remember those who have profited 
by such opportunities are not angels 
yet, neither are the}* in the realms of 
glory yet, but they are more sure to 
get there because of the course of 
study they have pursued and the 
discipline they have received through 

We are prone to believe that some 
fields of operation are more free from 
temptation than others. The minis- 
ter is apt to conclude that his field is 
more favorable for the cultivation of 
religion, than that of the lawyer or 
the physician. The farmer gathers 
the idea that there are few honest 
but himself. Hence the adage, " The 
honest farmer." The doctor thinks 
his profession is more favorable for 
religious culture than the lawyer's. 
The lawyer thinks the legal profes- 
sion is more favorable to it than any 
other. The children are imbued and 
moulded in and by the opinions of 
the parents, and those of one calling 
or profession do not want their 
children to enter into that of the 
other. The farmer does not want 
his son to become a preacher, and 
the preacher does not want his son 
to be a law3*er, and so on. 

These are legitimate fields for all 
to enter and cultivate to their ut- 
most extent, and one is not more 
free from temptation than another. 
The person called to the ministry is 
not more free from them than any 
other. All who entertain such a no- 
tion as this are mistaken. " What !" 
yon say, " is a minister subject to 
temptation like other men?" Yes. 
The ministry is no guarantee that 
you will get into the kingdom of 
heaven. You must get into it here, 
if you want to get in at all. 

The minister, physician and law- 
yer are all alike human, and must 


meet the difficulties and 
ties of life as such. 

The success of the physician de- 
pends on the number of patients be 
cures, and not on those that die 
Every one that dies reports on him 
at once, and tell of failure. Hence 
the importance to him of trying to 
cure and keep people out of the 

The minister on the other hand 
has peculiar temptations, slights bis 
work. If he is true to his calling be 
must not use untempered mortar, or 
hide the truth. He must tell the 
fraudulent rich man that the devil 
will get him as well as the dishonest 
poor man. The rich man will object 
to that kind of preaching, and will 
refuse to support the man that does 
it. Then it becomes a question of 
bread and butter to the minister, 
hence the temptation to use untem- 
pered mortar, and smooth things 
over. Men like to have smooth 
things preached to them, and not tin 
cutting truth that lays bare their evil 
heart. The dead never return to re- 
port on the dereliction and want of 
skill of the minister as they do on 
the doctor. If they could so report 
there would be quite a difference in 
the way the ministers discharged 
their duties. Christian men have a 
low notion of the legal profession 
'and think the men engaged in it are 
all tricksters and frauds. But there 
are tricksters, shams and frauds in 
all professions and callings. 

If you. want to make a possible 
success in life, you must try and see 
where your peculiar gifts are most 
needed, and take all the qualifica- 
tions you can into account, and do 
not let your likes and dislikes or your 
inherited evil tendencies control yon- 
Yet, gifts and qualifications aft 
not always an evidence, what a ptf 
son really is. Fluency in prayer j 
not always the measure of piety 
man has, but that depends on tb 6 
gift he has in that direction. Som e 
men are naturally reserved, and se 
to be cold and umsympathetic 
their dispositions, and yet they d 
be warm-hearted and pious 

Preachers are sometimes suppo se 
to have an easy time of it in life ; ' 
a preacher who takes things easy 
ought to be scourged out of his cai 
ing, like Jesus scourged the mow 
changers out of the Temple. I |B 
known men with gifts of an a D c 
who did not magnify their ca 'y 
because they neglected the gifts * 
were in them. The Apostle sa) 
" Do." Wherever you go, you 
do. If you have not the dispose - 
to do, you had better die. But 
you have the disposition to f ]°>' i 
follow it, you will succeed i n *2 
calling in life. Elihu Burritt, 
learned blacksmith, succeeded ^ 
pounding away at his anvil an" 



of i 
to 1 
on t 
the a; 
the g 






you T 

that , 

a naV 

tr «th. , 

If 3 

oon 0r 

ci ?iliz; 


U oth 
Jo 8t , 

rai >ks c 
are e a 



plying himself to his books at the 
same time. Who has ascended 
higher than he in his attainments ? 
There were linguists superior to him, 
and yet he was only a blacksmith 
when he began. Has not every mem- 
ber of this graduating class as much 
capacity as he had ? Do not the 
opportunities for advancement pre 
sent themselves to all men, as well 
aS to him ? But he succeeded by 
perseverance, — by making the most 
of his time, talents and opportuni- 
ties. Yet, he is not an isolated case 
of what a person can do by trying 
to make the most of himself, that 
his talents and opportunities will 
allow. I knew an eminent Pennsyl- 
vanian, who learned to read different 
languages while shaving shingles. 
He would have his book before him 
on the head of his shingle-horse and 
study while he shaved. The man 
who does this is the man who suc- 

A certain man said he did not like 
to hear the violin played, because he 
always felt like dancing, and he 
thought that was wrong. But the 
devil was in the man and not in the 
violin. Who created sound and or- 
dained that thrill the angels, but 
God, the creator of all things. 

If you are gifted in music, use 
your gift to the glory of him who 
lias created music. Or if you are 
gifted in any 'other way, use your 
gifts to the glory of him who has 
endowed you with them. 

The golden gate of Knowledge is 
thrown wide open to-day to both 
sexes, and to all classes ; but only 
those who are worthy can enter in 
an <l reap its benefits. Seek to be 
*°rthy, and qualify yourself to the 
best of your ability and then enter 
we arena of life, and do not neglect 
jour opportunities, but use them for 
">e glory of God and the good of 
ma , n - Be a man or 
f^ing. Stand 

Wder in manhood and womanhood. 
hrl ei T year Christian civilization is 
jfOadening the field for usefulness 

woman in your 
near the top of the 

ypu ar e called 

to the ministry, 
, you are a man or a woman, 
nter and 

th U WUl 

lt y° u i t have a clean heart 

under God's blessing 
succeed. But remember. 

Smi? rig n ht s P irit > aud stand for the 
and right. 

h 0noi , y ° u are called to be a lawyer 
civile f at P rofes sion ; for Christian 

Mtho i\ i n Can no more S et alon g 
in ot , 1 Ia wyers than without men 

Host i profes sions. Some of the 

Br ethr C p rn! ed men in the United 

^ksom , Urch ' t0 - da 3 r » are in the 
ar e OQ ,,„ nele gal profession. If you 

go and 

8t and 


to enter into it 
^ D y them. 

to-day W ° t 1(1 Was never better than 
Per S ee ut - nves tigation may bring 
l0n f or heresy, because you 

cannot agree with all that other men 
say ; but your heresy, like that of 
John Huss, may be called orthodoxy 
in the years to come. Hence, the 
admonition, the text. 

There are ever opening fields of 
usefulness in the higher professions 
of life. The ministry, especially, 
opens up such fields to the earnest, 
consecrated workers. The heathen 
world, everywhere, calls for Chris- 
tian men and women to go and 
preach the blessed tidings of salva- 

But if you are not called to any of 
these, but are only called to be a hod 
carrier, do not mind the sneers and 
criticisms of the people who think 
your time was wasted in getting a 
college education. Your knowledge 
is not in vain. It makes you a bet- 
ter hod carrier, and a happier man 
for having it. A man is nothing 
without intelligence. Then, what 
you have learned is eternal and can- 
not be taken from you. 

Then be true to the gifts that God 
has given you. Do not be carried 
about by every wind of doctrine — by 
that I mean, do not let indecision rule 
your life. You are not large enough 
to spread yourself very much. But 
one opportunity, well improved, 
brings success, and makes life grand 
and noble. But, remember to keep 
humbly at the feet of your Lord, for 
it is only by and through his blessing 
what you are. 


On Sabbath afternoon, at 2 p. m., 
occurred the graduation of a class of 
thirteen persons, who had completed 
the course of the Bible Normal 

The class had been under the in- 
struction of Prof. H. Clay Deaner, 
and judging from his efficiency in 
past years, the class has no doubt 
done excellent work, and feel them- 
selves able to go out and take their 
place in the ranks of competent Sab- 
bath school workers. 

The class adopted the motto, "Aim 
to be what you seem," which had a 
conspicuous place on the wall of the 
chapel, back of the pulpit. 

The class adopted the daisy as the 
class flower. 

A quartette consisting of Prof. J. 
E. Lehman, Miss Anna Forney, H. 
U. Roop and D. Albert Kreider, 
rendered some fine music. 

Bishop Kephart led in the intro- 
ductory exercises, and also delivered 
the 'diplomas to the class at the 

Rev. C. J. Kephart, pastor of 
Trinity United Brethren church, of 
Lebanon, delivered the address. 

The subject was, " Some of the 
disputed points in the history of the 
life of our Savior." The speaker 
directed his efforts more especially 

to the dispute regarding the length 
of time the Savior engaged in this 
earthly ministry, quoting a great 
deal of scripture to show that the 
time must have been about three 
years and a half. 

The address was replete with in- 
struction and full of interest from be- 
ginning to end. 

The members of the class are: 
Misses Bertha M. Heberly, Lula M. 
Baker, Delia F. Roop, Anna E. 
Wilson, Elvire C. Stehman,and Mag- 
gie Strickler, and Messrs. John D. 
Rice, Seba C. Huber, John H. May- 
silles, Harry B. Roop, D. Newton 
Scott, Hervin U. Roop and Samuel 
F. Huber. 


Rev. H. B. Spayd, pastor of ©ur 
church, preached the annual sermon 
from Psa. 19:11. — Moreover by them 
is thy servant warned, and in keep- 
ing of them there is great reward. 

An eminent writer said relative to 
the first part : " The book of nature 
has three leaves, heaven, earth and 
sea, of which heaven is the first and 
most glorious, and by its aid we are 
able to see the beauties of the other 
two. Any book without its first 
page would be sadly imperfect, and 
especially the great Nature Bible, 
since its first pages, the sun, moon 
and stars, supply light to the rest of 
the volume, and are thus the keys, 
without which the writing which 
follows would be dark and undis- 
cerned. Man walking erect, was 
evidently made to scan the skies, 
and he who begins to read creation 
by studying the stars begins the 
book at the right place." 

I deem it altogether appropriate 
to call your attention specially to 
the second part of this most excel- 
lent Psalm. « The law of the 
Lord," which the Psalmist says is 
perfect and sure. " More to be de- 
sired than gold, yea, than much fine 
gold ; sweeter also than honey and 
the honeycomb." 

Christian friends, it is always safe 
to begin with the Bible. The bless- 
ed Savior himself said " Seek ye first 
the kingdom of God and His right- 
eousness, and all other things shall 
be added unto you." 

The soul that regularly, thought- 
fully and prayerfully feasts upon the 
perfect Law of the Lord is rich in- 
deed, rich in sanctified knowledge, 
rich in comfort, rich in practical 
Godliness, rich in a true joy, rich in 
a living hope of heaven. 

L God warns us by pointing out 
sin and by describing its nature and 

2. The Word of God warns against 
the sins of omission. 

3. The law of the Lord also warns 
against the danger of self-sufficiency. 

4. Lastly, it warns us of the gen- 
eral j udgment. 



I wish to speak a little while on 
our keeping the word. In the keep- 
ing there are so many rewards. 

1. Great peace. 

2. An increase of true wisdom. 

3. A consciousness that our pray- 
ers are heard. 

4. That God uses his obedient 
children as instruments for the ac- 
complishment of his purpose. 

In conclusion let me beseech you 
once more to hold fast to the eternal 
word of God. Everything else in 
this world will perish, but it will 
endure. Make it the man of your 
counsel. "Buy the truth," regard- 
less of cost, " and sell it not." 


The stars and stripes were un- 
folded to breezes at an early hour, 
in recognition of which event the bell 
was rung. 

About noon the class of '94 raised 
a flag of white with '94 in lavender 
on it, amid great cheering. 

The flag was fastened above the 
weather vane on the main building. 
The afternoon trains brought scores 
of friends to witness the graduating 
exercises of the department of music. 
Not half could be accommodated with 

The class ascended the rostrum, 
preceded by President Bierman and 
Misses Eby and Moyer, teachers in 
music, and took their places at 
twenty-five minutes of 8 o'clock. 
The class consisted of Misses Lulu 
Mi Baker, of Keedysville, Md. ; 
Florence R. Brindel, of Shamokin, 
Pa. ; Delia F. Roop, of Highspire, 
Pa.; Elvire Stehman, of MountvilJe, 
Pa. ; Katie P. Mumma, of Hummels- 
town, Pa. ; Ella N. Saylor, Annie E. 
Brightbill and Mr. S. H. Stein, of 

Rev. M. J. Mumma, of Hummels- 
town, led the audience in a very im- 
pressive pra} r er. 

The following is the programme : 

Quartette— Caprice Heroique,.. Kontski. 

(Two Pianos.) 
Miss Stehman, Mr. Stein, Missse Brightbill 
and Mumma. 

Solo— Sonate o p- 13 Beethoven. 

Florence R. Brindel. 

Solo— Polka de la Heine, Raff. 

Delia F. Roop. 

Duett— "O Come to Me," Kucken. 

Misses Wilson and Eby. 

Solo— Kammenoi-Ostrow Rubenstein. 

S. Henry Stein. 

Solo— Polacca Brilliante, Weber. 

Elvire Stehman. 

Quartette—" Legends," Mohring. 

Misses Wilson, Heberly, Mumma and Eby. 

Solo— Ballade Op. 47, Chopin. 

J.ula M. Baker. 

Solo— Caprice Fantastique, W ollenhaupt. 

Ella N. Saylor. 

Quartette— Caliph de Bagdad Boieldieu. 

(Two Pianos.) 
Misses Roop, Saylor, Baker and Brindel. 

Solo— Blumenstuck Schumann, 

Anna E. Brightbill. 

Solo— Thema, No. 3 Schubert. 

Katie P. Mumma. 

Chorus— Charity Rossini. 

Misses Wilson, Heberly, Mumma, Jacoby, 
Brindel, Forney, Grove, Mohn, Roop ' 
Saylor, Klinger and Yost. ' 

The entire class aquitted them- 
selves with great credit. Despite of 

the great heat, and constant use of 
fans, nothing occurred to mar the 
grand success in any way. 

All did so well that it is difficult 
to make comparisons, yet the quar- 
tette "Legends" was so perfectly 
and well rendered that it held the 
audience as if by magic. 

President Bierman awarded the 
diplomas, saying "May you hereafter 
by a worthy life honor Lebanon 
Valley College as she honors you 


Chapel services were conducted at 
8:30 by Rev. C. A. Burtner, A. M., 
of York, Pa. 

The public meeting of the Alumni 
was held at 1:30 p. m., Reno S. Harp, 
A. B., presiding. Rev. Grant L. 
Shaeffer, A. B., sang with good effect 
the solo, " The Bugler." The invo- 
cation was given by Rev. C. T. 

The Misses Eby and Moyer ren- 
dered a piano duet with consummate 

" The Emancipation of 'Woman " 
was the subject of an essay by Mrs. 
Jennie E. Crouse, M. A., of Phoenix- 
ville, Pa. 

The solo, " Schoene Zeit, Sel'ge 
Zeit," by C. J. Barr, was well re- 

Rev. J. H. Kurtz, A. B., of Pitts- 
burg, Pa., was historian. 

Mrs. Ella Smith Light sang a solo 
to her own accompaniment, which de- 
lighted all. 

The Alumnal Address was given 
by Prof. S. 0. Goho, A. M., of Mil- 
ton, Pa., on " Some Old Saws Re- 
filed." This was an address of wheat 
without any chaff" in it. 

The exercises closed with a vocal 
duet by Prof. J. E. Lehman and Miss 
Carrie Eby. 

This Alumnal entertainment was 
the best held for years. 


The annual banquet was held in 
the dining room of the Ladies' Hall 
at 10 o'clock. 

Prof. Deaner took charge of fes- 
tivities. The following toasts were 
given : 

H. E. Steinmetz. — The Quarter 

Rev.C. A. Burtner. — The Ministry 
of the Alumni. 

■ Prof. A. V. Hiester.— The Repub- 
lican Nominees. 

Dr. D. Eberly.— Our Past. 

Rev. C. T. Stearn.— College Im- 


The annual business meeting was 
held on Wednesday morning in the 
chapel immediately after the reading 
of the grades, President R. S. Harp 
in the chair. 

Committee on Endowment 
ported as follows : 
Interest rec'd on endowment, $93 30 

Cash on endowment, 30 00 

Cash by 10c. plan, 8 40 

The following officers were elected 
for the ensuing year : 

President, B. F. Daugherty ; Yi Ce 
President, S. J. Evers ; Secretary 
Anna R. Forney ; Treasurer, I. jj' 

The Committee on Special R a ll v 
Meeting of Alumni are R. S. Harp 
W. H. Hain and D. E. Burtner. 

The arranging of the programme 
for next year was referred to Ex- 
ecutive Committee. Ordered to 
have a banquet next year. 

The following is Ex. Committee- 
Prof. H. Clay Deaner, Prof. J. E. 
Lehman, H. F. Denlinger, H. U. 
Roop, Emma L. Landis and Mart 
M. Shenk. 

The following resolutions of con- 
dolence were adopted : 

During the past year death has visited 
our ranks and claimed one of our number. 

On May 10th, r}ev. M. P. Sanders 
passed quietly and peacefully away. 

In the death of Bro. Sanders the col- 
lege lost one of its warmest friends, the 
Alumni one of its most genial associates, 
and the Church one of its most earnest, 
zealous, devoted, consecrated workers. 

In the work of the ministry lie was 
successful everywhere, yet always humble 
and unassuming. 

During commencement week he al way- 
was present showing his love for those 
from whom he has been separated and 
his interest in our college. As an associa- 
tion we will miss him. 

The Alumni extends its warmest sym- 
pathies to the bereaved wife and children. 

The Quarter Centennial. 

The Quarter Centennial exercises 
of Lebanon Valley College occurred 
on Wednesda}' evening, June 15, it 
being twenty-five years since t ue 
College started on its career as « 
chartered institution. The many 
friends of the College gathered ] 
the chapel until it was filled to * 
utmost capacity. Conspicuous anion? 
them on this occasion, was J° nI1 
H uber, of B. from ChambersbinJ 
who is rising unto the 84th year 
his age. 

The Washington Band Orchest* 
of Annville, consisting of seven 
the prominent members of the 
brated Silver Cornet Band, furnish 
the music for the evening. 

With President Bierman, the 
lowing gentlemen sat on the roS ^!L 
and took part in the exercises 01 ^ 
evening, viz.: Judge McPherson 8 
Rev. C. J. Kephart, of Lebanon; J 
W. C rider, of York, president of tB 


Board of Trustees : Dr. B. 

of Abbotstown; Rev. J. W. Ki*f T 
of Mechanicsburg and Rev. 
Stearn, of Chambersburg. $ 
Rev. Mr. Kiracofe led the aud'j^ 
in a fervent pra} r er for the Col' * 




we I 
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on th 
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President Bierman welcomed the 
audience to the exercises in appropri- 
ate words of welcome, also giving a 
brief history of the founding and estab- 
lishing of the College in Annville in 
1867. He thought that the past 
measure of prosperity of the school 
warranted the holding of a Silver 
Anniversary on this, the 25th year of 
her existence. He then introduced 
Judge McPherson, who gave an 
excellent address, which will appear 
in the next issue of the Forum 

Rev. C. J. Kephart was the next 
speaker, taking the place of his 
brother, Bishop Kephart, who was 
unavoidably absent. 

Mr. Kephart spoke of the educa 
tional work of the United Brethren 
Ohurch. This work was a great 
problem in the earlier period of the 
church's history, and is of but com 
parative recent date with us. 

The fatners of the church did not 
see as we see, and did not think as 
we think, and looked upon the work 
of higher education as being the 
cause of much skepticism in the 
world. The establishing of colleges 
always has been a perplexing prob- 
lem, and there were probably too 
many of them in the church, but no 
mistake was made in establishing 
Lebanon Yalley College. 

We are not now in the history of 
the church— in the history of the 
world and civilization, where we can 
do without educated men. 

Educated men in the ministry are 
a positive necessity. And as the 
«Wty are taking responsible and 
prominent part in the church, they 
need education. 

We are not doing all we ought to 
Wfy the laity for this work. 
Women stand on equality with 
in our church in this respect, 


*na hence the importance of educat- 
h S A sexes ' 0ur sch ools always 
?M co-education, and this is a prom- 
"mg omeu to the church. He con- 
gratul ated Lebanon Valley College 
JL lar S e number of graduates 
8e nt out from her halls. 

ducd D * Eberlv was tnen intro- 
spek to the audience as the next 

aeJ! He £ ave a verv interesting 
and th?* the es tablishing of colleges 
the struggles for existence in 
hav/i ear8 gone b y- We expect to 
ktl m ^ man uscript for publication 
J; ue * ORUM. 

d Uee e d V ' C - T - Stearn was then intro- 
m ak He said he was not there to 

the fii,q Speech ' but to tel1 them that 
the n , • ying immediately west of 

c Wfor^ Uild \? g had been pUf - 
w ere IOr the college, and that $1500 

^ntedf t0 W for U > and ne 
and tll t0 secure that amount then 

$l2oo i 6re " He succe eded in raising 
h *s h B l D subs criptions. The balance 
*. ue en assured. 

read the fol- 

p ~« assured. 
re sident Bierman 

lowing interesting letter from the 
Rev. Dr. Yickroy, of St. Louis, Mo., 
the first President of the College : 
St. Louis, June 3, 1892. 
Prof. E. Benj. Bierman, A. M. 

My Dear President : Your letter 
inviting me to be present at the 
Quarter Century Anniversary Ex- 
ercises of Lebanon Yalley College is 
at hand, but duties which I cannot 
lay aside for a single day compel me 
to forego a pleasure to which I have 
looked forward through the mists of 

The recognition of our work is the 
smile of God, and I am glad to know 
that as the years unfold, the plans 
I devised and the work which I did 
trusting in God for their realization 
in coming years are bearing such 
rich fruition. When last I stood on 
the platform from which this will be 
read, the shadows of farewell lingered 
around us and I was going out, like 
Abraham of old, to explore a field I 
knew not of. But it has been a pre- 
cious discipline of life to grow strono- 
by trusting in God. 

I have been glad to hear from time 
to time of the growth and develop- 
ment of the College. That it has 
and will have struggles is natural ; 
but it has lived through its most 
critical period, and is an institution 
that has done a work for the com- 
munity and the church which should 
evoke the profoundest gratitude. 

I saw the College when it had 
neither student nor name ; I saw it 
when arms were raised to strike it to 
the ground ; I gave my young life's 
energies to counteract these influ 
ences, and for all I did for it, to-daj 
I give God profound thanks that he 
gave me the strength and the cour- 
age to do this work. Many who 
assisted me so nobly are asleep in 
Jesus awaiting the resurrection of 
the just. Many young men and 
young women have gone forth from 
these walls into the various walks of 
life to benefit society. 

I saw all this and more in vision. 
I now look into the dim future and 
the faith by which the elders ob- 
tained a good report enables me to 
behold unseen things. As the years 
roll on I see the children, grand 
children and a long line of their de- 
scendants flocking back to this spot 
bringing with them thankofferings 
to endow the College and provide the 
needed means for the highest and 
best education. 

Better than all I am sure that the 
precious name of Jesus will ever be 
revered within these walls. 
And now hail and good-bye ! 
When the next generation gathers 
to celebrate the half century, God 
has so blessed me in body and spirit 
that I have fair hopes to be one of 
that number, but, if not, with all 
who hare loved this work and have 

labored to advance it, from the fair 
fields of glory, I shall be present 
with you in spirit as I am to-day, 

With my best wishes for your 
personal welfare, I am as ever 
Yery truly vours, 

T. R. Yickroy. 

The doxology was then sung and 
the people were dismissed with the 
benediction by Rev. Stearp. 

Commencement Day. 

The threatening sky did not deter 
the great crowd from filling the 
chapel to its utmost capacity. The 
Faculty and class occupied places on 
the rostrum at 9:15, when Rev. C. T. 
Stearn offered an earnest prayer for 
the class and the College. Music 
was furnished by Prof. 0. H. Unger's 
orchestra of Reading, Pa. Miss 
Anna E. Brightbill, of Annville, spoke 
first on " A Nation's Legends." 

In the olden time man conjectured 
fantastic explanations for what he 
saw and heard. Yain traditions and 
false theories deluded him. 

The legends concerning the origin 
of the human race differ very widely. 
The most ancient are those which 
describe man as springing from trees 
or rocks, ancl an account makes Pro- 
metheus creator of mankind. 

The seven hills of imperial Rome 
are crowned with legends. The Rock 
Tarpeian, Horatius at the bridge, 
" The touching story of Coriolanus, 
the still more touching story of Vir- 
ginia, and the wild legend of the 
draining of the Alban lake." But 
what awe-inspiring thoughts, what 
tender memories cluster round our 
native land. 

What tales there are of Indian 
warfare, of the dark days of the Rev- 
olution, and in that later day, when 
we passed through the maelstrom of 
the most terrible rebellion that ever 
scourged a nation. Oh, strange, new 
land, thy history, thy legends, are 
not written on mouldering stone, thy 
fame brighly glows in the remem- 
brance of mankind, and may it con- 
tinue to shine in all the pristine 
brilliancy till time shall be no more. 

" The Battle and the Yictory " was 
the theme of the address of Mr. 
Elmer L. Haak, of Myerstown, Pa. 
In all creation there is nothing 
nobler than man, whose duty and 
privilege it is to make his life a suc- 
cess. It is impossible for all to be 
Washingtons or Grants, but do well 
that which lies in your power to do. 
Many difficulties beset a human life, 
which if conquered will lead to 
pleasant and profitable results. 

Men have computed distances, di- 
mensions and velocities of hosts of 
worlds. Men in all ages have been 
persecuted, who courageously taught 
the principles and doctrines which 
have aided the progress in civiliza- 



tion. Socrates when teaching a sen- 
sible theory of divinity was com- 
pelled to drink the poison hemlock. 
Nature teaches humanity many les- 
sons of perseverance. The lofty 
mountains are wearing down by slow 
degrees. Ages of wars and horrors 
were required to establish Christi- 
anity. Life, like the da} r , is short, 
hence the importance of living life 

Mr. Jacob M. Herr, of Annville, 
described " The Ideal Man," as fol- 
lows : 

There is certainly no age more po- 
tential for good or evil than that of 
early manhood. The ideal man is 
the man who cherishes those noble 
inherent qualities, which manifest 
themselves so strikingly in early life. 
The man who reads, thinks, studies 
and meditates has intelligence cut in 
his features, stamped on his brow 
and gleaming in his eye. 

A heart uncontaminated by the 
degrading influence of corrupt mor- 
als, and the motives actuated by a 
well disciplined intellect, will de- 
velop the God-given powers in man 
to their utmost, and mould them 
into a weapon, that no skeptic's el- 
oquence can influence, no worldly al- 
lurements entice, and no scheme of 
dishonesty blunt. 

But the ideal man is the man who 
nips the evil in the bud, or if in full 
blast, musters all his forces to eradi- 
cate such a monstrous evil, the sting 
of which is too keenly felt in the 
various walks of life. Mind is des- 
tined to march on. It existed long 
before matter and the ponderous 
laws by which matter is controlled, 
and if sound principle controls and 
directs human force, strengthened by 
the additional power that our schools 
and colleges impart, purified by the 
grace of God, it will develop the 
ideal man — the man who can look 
up through nature to nature's God. 

Mr. Seba C. Huber, of Chambers- 
burg, discussed "Modern Feudal- 

Among the various periods of his- 
tory the Feudal Age presents one of 
the most striking. The characteris- 
tic of this age was that public rela- 
tions were dependent upon private 
relations. Modern Feudalism is 
characterized by the same underly- 
ing principles ; however, millions 
and votes instead of acres and war- 
riors being the measure of strength. 

Monopoly, the instrument of our 
feudalism, removes the incentive to 
individual enterprise ; decreases the 
supply of articles and increases the 
supply of competing labor, thus 
gaining control of both prices and 
wages ; further, it gives rise to 
strikes and lockouts, and is the 
prime cause of the unnatural and 
disastrous war between capital and 
labor ; it is the real source of all 

political corruption; the millions an- 
nually spent for bribes are but the 
ill-gotten gains of the illegal corpo- 
ration. Thus we see these robbing 
lords not only rob the helpless la- 
borer, but with the spoils bribe and 
corrupt his agents, the congressman, 
the legislator and the juror. 

We must defeat the corrupt guard 
and overthrow the feudal monarchies 
who now not only rob but rule us. 

Then will the dark clouds of op- 
pression roll away and the bright 
sunlight of freedom break forth. 
Then will the refreshing fragrance of 
prosperity fill the air, and all reap 
from the abundant harvest according 
as they have used their God-given 
powers. Then, with the great crimes, 
of intemperance, Sabbath desecra- 
tion and gambling banished, will 
America be a " government of the 
people, for the people and by the 
people," and will guide the nations 
of earth into the haven of perpetual 
liberty and enlightenment. 

Miss Josephine Kreider, of Ann- 
ville, had for her subject "Eyes That 
See." Our sight is such a common 
blessing that we accept and use it 
without estimating its worth until 
threatened with its loss. Material 
vision would be the last of our facul- 
ties we would be willing to surren- 
der. The intelligent observer and 
thinker sees more and more clearly 
the deeper he looks into things, the 
power and infinite wisdom that 
planned it all, and reads plainly the 
beneficent hand and thought of the 
Almighty Creator. Our natural eyes 
behold only the outward seeming. 
Through intellect we look from na- 
ture up to Nature's God, hence the 
injunction, " Get wisdom, and with 
all thy getting get understanding." 
Blind indeed are those who only dis- 
cern the groveling things of earth. 
How important to cultivate the gift 
of intellectual perception, and to 
turn our eyes inward upon ourselves 
to see what manner of creatures we 
are, and thus seeing of littleness and 
imperfections, we may keep our eyes 
upon the perfect pattern, Christ 
Jesus, and so beholding Him may 
grow in His likeness, and be ti'ans- 
formed into His image. 

Mr. A. Raymond Kreider of Ann- 
ville, Pa., discussed " An Unsolved 
Problem." Our rapid progress in 
civilization tends to force upon us 
an important question for us to 
solve, which is the Indian ques- 
tion. From the savage state he 
is gradually entering the civil- 
ized and mixing with the white 
race. The American Indians were 
formerly nomadic and warlike in 
their habits ; now they are more 
quiet and peaceable. They are be- 
coming more and more like the 
white race as to their habits of life. 
He has the same primary qualities, 

This is thi 
the Indians 
the sea of 

and in him you find the same com 
mon basis of humanity that we fini 
in all races of men. His surround- 
ings and conditions have developed 
his character and made it necessary 
to give him an education calculated to 
fit him for civilized life and then allow 
him to fade naturally into civiliza- 
tion. Unless this be done our In. 
dian population will be converted 
into beggars and prostitutes, to curse 
and pollute the people of our raw 
with whom they mingle 
inevitable result when 
will have melted into 
white civilization. 

Miss Laura E. Reider,of Hummels- 
town, Pa., asked an answered theques. 
tion : " What of the Next Century?" 
Time viewed from the present, as 
a standpoint, presents two phases, 
the past and the future, and man 
lives through the three periods, the 
past, the present and the future. 
Memory opens the gates into the 
realms of departed time and hope is 
the password which admits into time 
to come. 

Education has been making slow 
progress, but it laid a good founda 
tion. In science the borderland is 
still ahead of us constantly enlarging 
as we move forward. The greatest 
change, however, has taken place in 
the religious world. The history of 
the eighteenth century is filled with 
punishments and bloodshed for the 
cause of Christianity. 

There are two classes looking into 
the future, those who look on the 
bright side, and the others who look- 
on the dark side. The educational 
world predicts for itself a bright fu- 
ture. Our literature must suffer i 
reform before it can become what it 
should be. 

The continual strikes in the labor- 
ing class are but the struggling 8 
toward a better system. In t ne 
political world everywhere the dem- 
ocratic idea of self-rule is advancing 
in spite of hereditary rulers. /" 
science we will see our wildest in 1 ' 
aginations put into practice. 

A coming century may he ^ 
agined which can be attained in p a " 
only. All nations will have 
same form of governmeut. Ste** 
boats may double their size 
speed in the next century. Of ® 
we may be certain : no one 09 
measure the reach of man's inteH e j 
and it lies in his power to shape, *° 
great extent, the events of the » e 

Miss Lillie J. E. Rice, of M 
more, Md., gave a glimpse oi 
yond the Bend." , . 

Life is but a journey filled wjt^ 
numerable turnings, and were i* 1 
for these changes man would rel^ ( 
into a state of quiescence, and 15 ^ 
of his best powers would rem» in 






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If he were enabled to see his whole 
life from the cradle to the grave, the 
perils through which he must needs 
nass, the crosses he will have to en- 
dure and the heartaches he must 
sutler, he would not have the courage 
to £0 forward were it not that God 
has so wisely arranged the bends in 
life that man, by anticipating what is 
beyond them, strives constantly to 
rise to higher attainments. 

To-day we are about passing be- 
yond one of the bends in education. 
We may imagine ourselves as pass- 
ing within the bounds of the coming 
era, and may find in its teachings 
and its hope something at least that 
may reassure us that " the Lord's 
our rock, in Him we hide," etc. 

Our pathway in this world is not 
one in which all the future flashes on 
our enraptured vision in one view, 
but awaits the continual unfolding of 
a higher light and increasing possi- 
bility. We can thus truly say with 
the poet, " Man never is, but always 
is to be blest." 

Mr. Harry B. Roop, of Highspire, 
Pa., portrayed " Man a Progressive 

Man has never been satisfied with 
his condition. He never stands still. 

Beginning life helpless, unlearned, 
unskilled and inexperienced, he has 
risen step by step, gained strength 
from every act, intelligence from 
every thought, wisdom from every 

Every avenue of trade, every field 
of activity manifests his progressive- 
ness. We sing the praises of Morse ; 
we write him down among our 
greatest ; the world pays tribute to 
Ms greatness, because he in a great 
measure has made it possible to 
crowd the transactions of a day into 
* penny paper, and enabled us to 
behold as in a moving panorama the 
m en of the entire world. 
, We see that this progressive man, 
^spired by a scientific spirit, be- 
nol ds nature, only to be wrapped in a 
jj^ze of astonishment, and hence he 
as always exerted his energies to 
yprehend and unravel the laws 
Qich dwell in the various phe- 
nomena of nature. He takes hold of 
e latent forces of nature and makes 
S Serve his interest ; he fathoms 
hidden^ ^ ^ brings forth their 



e world's experience is in our 
ission ; we live not only in the 
ti m ^ ent ' D «t may in all the past ; the 
man f F inactiy ity i s passed ; the 
g re . of ^e future is a man of pro- 
8i ( i e Slv , e activity. For if we con- 
the Power the human mind and 
com? r ° gressive s P irit which has ac- 
look f Gd h tnrou g h the ages, and 
e Xp l0r ^ard into the future we may 
the s the verv visions of dreams of 
latest enthusiast to be eclipsed 

by the luster of actual accomplish- 

Miss Annie R. Forney, of Ann- 
ville Pa., spoke on ''Towards Sun- 

In the beginning God created 
the heavens and earth and over all 
darkness reigned. The mighty archi- 
tect of heaven said " Let there be 
light and there was light." 

As we contemplate the history of 
this globe, we consider the past, 
present and future as one prolonged 
day, having its inception prior to 
sunrise and terminating at sunset. 

As the sun is the centre of the 
physical universe and from nrhieh 
emanates heat and life, so Christ is 
the centre of the moral universe and 
from Him emanate life, peace and 

He has made the wilderness 
blossom as the rose. Right and 
justice triumph and indifference and 
infidelity will largely vanish ; the 
Jews shall again be restored to their 
Solomonic splendor, and the world 
prepared for Him whose love the 
the heathen shall confess. 

As we peer through the vista of 
time behold a celestial light dawns 
upon the spherical orb; enchanted we 
think we hear the gates of heaven 
swing ajar and with uplifted eyes we 
behold all heaven and earth burnished 
with divine radiance and the resurrec- 
tion angel will trumpet, proclaiming 
the sunset of the universe ; the earth 
is rent, the massive clouds are furled 
and lo ! the Christ saying, "lam the 
resurrection and the life." As before 
him are marshalled the host of infi- 
dels, atheists, persecutors and liquor 
dealers, His majestic yet stern voice 
will pronounce the verdict, "depart 
from me ye cursed into everlasting 
perdition ;" while to the multitudes 
of the faithful, the martyrs, mission 
aries, reformers, the righteous poor, 
and ministerial workers, above the 
chant of the " Inflamatus" by the 
angelic choir heralding the Judg- 
ment Day, there may be heard His 
voice, " enter thou into the joys of 
thy Lord, therein shall they dwell 
throughout the cycles of eternity." 

Mr. D. Albert Kreider discussed 
" The Young Man of America." 
The career of man in all ages bears 
the impress of external conditions 
and circumstances. In America the 
mingling of all people is evolving 
the finest race of men, physically. 
Unexcelled educational facilities are 
open to all, while the numerous 
churches administer to the spiritual 

The three institutions of Society 
— Family, the generation ; State, the 
organizer, and Church, the regenera- 
tion, each of which is essential to the 
other, form the tripod upon which is 
to be constructed this higher civili- 
zation. The means lie in the educa- 

tion of the masses with regard to re- 
storing to their pristine purity the 
ideas of these three institutions. 

The Family, as the source from 
which both Church and State draws, 
is to be preserved in purity. Edu- 
cation should teach, not an indepen- 
dent life, but a life of mutual interest j 
men and women in their respective 

In America we habitually regard 
religion as something that concerns 
only the individual, and in seeking 
for public good, Christianity is 
wholly left out ; whereas, for its own 
principles it ought to be, and might 
become, the most potent factor in the 
social and political life of the land. 

If the young man of America but 
does his duty, we shall find that the 
disturbances and distress of the pres- 
ent day are not as was the case with 
Rome under the late emperors in its 
agonies of expiring life, but only an 
evidence that we are suffering for 
"growing pains." If we but dili- 
gently improve the unprecedented 
opportunities which the Almighty 
has given us, we shall find that we 
are but entering the dawn of a more 
glorious civilization than the world 
has ever known. 

Mr. John D. Rice, of Chambers- 
burg, Pa., gave the sweet symphonies 
produced by " The Music of the 

The infinite co-relation of the mind 
itself with the material world, the 
fact that the subjective, with all its 
power and knowledge, finds its per- 
fect counterpart in the objective, has 
always been universally acknowl- 
edged. In the very form and ap- 
pearance of man, the image of his 
creator, erect, looking beyond an 
infinite horizon, is portrayed the 
infinitude of his spiritual aspiration. 
To every truth in the material world, 
whether form, color, magnitude or 
law of motion, there harmonizes in 
grandest perfection a melodious note 
in both thought and feeling. 

Truth, as found in the mind's own 
action, is identical with that in the 
great cosmos without. In the physi- 
cal realm such harmony is perceived 
in the majestic motion of the 
heavenly orbs. 

Chemistry reveals each atom and 
molecule as well as the world har- 
monizing in the universal chorus. 
Vegetable growth conforms to the 
same principle of order and sym- 

In the sphere of Zoology similar 
wonders are revealed in regard to 
the animal structure. 

Continental areas, mountains, riv- 
ers, winds and ocean currents, all 
are so harmoniously related that 
they conspire most perfectly for the 
welfare of man. Not only matter in 
all its forms, but also the laws and 
forces under which it operates are 



exquisitely suited for the service of 
man. Such are some of the grand 
truths which man in his rational 
nature is permitted to contemplate. 
Such cordial strains his aesthetic 
nature permits him to enjoy. 

If such harmony is revealed in the 
light of the scientific world, then 
science is neither a barren field nor a 
dangerous maze. If atheists have 
endeavored to coerce science to their 
nefarious dogmas the devil also has 
quoted scripture to his purpose. 

Science on evei'y hand reveals 
order, design and adaptation. Every 
sphere sings of the Infinite, the 
Omniscient and the Omnipotent. 
Science is the light by whose rays, 
with inexpressible feelings of ad- 
miration and awe, we may enter the 
grand temple of nature and there 
clearly see the marvelous works of 
the great architect, and there trace 
the unbounded power and exquisite 
skill exhibited in the minutest as 
well as the mightiest parts of the 
universal cosmos. 

Mr. Hervin U. Roop, of High- 
spire. Pa., delivered a masterly 
oration on " The Sovereignty of the 

Man, the enigma of the ages, has 
made pilgrimages of life down 
through hoary lapses of centuries 
upon lines of progress, which draw 
nearer and nearer as time rolls on, 
finally to meet in the focal point of 
God's purpose. The laws of human 
progress lead to but one conclusion, 
that all the history of civilization has 
been the story of the resistless march 
of the human race toward that one 
goal — The Sovereignty of the Indi- 

Study critically the various civili- 
zations which have in turn domi- 
nated the world, and you will find 
that each one embodied some cen- 
tral, some permanent principle. In 
Greece, the land of the human intel- 
lect, we see the state perfected, the 
idea of beauty developed and the 
principle of reason established. 
Rome, the land of the human will, 
gave to the world the wonderful 
system of jurisprudence. Hebrew- 
dom, the land of the human heart, 
preserved a heaven-born religion and 
thus established a standard of 

Three cumulative events mark the 
evolution of the individual. Over in 
Judea a star appears. An incarnate 
Savior redeems the soul and awak- 
ens a consciousness of its own des- 

The sixteenth century begins. 
Erasmus makes possible a Luther. 
Luther proclaims the reformation — 
the freedom of the mind. He bursts 
asunder the chains of superstition, 
and the burden of intellectual degra- 
dation falls from man's shoulders. 
But again : The hand of an Ameri- 

can was the next to swing, the great 
hammer of time. The blow then 
struck was for political freedom — 
the political enfranchisement of the 
individual. The shackles of Euro- 
pean bondage are broken, monarchy 
is dethroned and man crowned. 

Thus the spiritual, the mental and 
civil are the three elements which 
have produced individual sover- 
eignty. They are the triangle of 
forces bounding the possibilities of 
the ideal and real man, the founda- 
tion upon which must rest all liberty, 
equality and fraternity. 

This places the individual upon his 
own responsibilit}' and gives him the 
greatest power for good or evil within 
the reach of finite beings ; he may 
stand upon the exalted plane of noble 
manhood, or he may drift into the 
lowest depravity. But the better 
nature of man is toward a loft} 7 ideal 
to draw nearer to the cross of a pure 
and noble life ; he is inclined to labor 
for the perpetuation of those princi- 
ples which have resulted in his 
highest good, and therefore the most 
rapid extermination of evil is as- 
sured. Time has united all the great 
institutions of the world to make 
strong the individual. The ultimate 
perfection of the individual char- 
acter is to be the climax of all his- 

President Bierman conferred the 
degrees. The degree of A. B. was 
conferred upon Miss Anna R. For- 
ney and Messrs. D. Albert Kreider, 
John D. Rice and Hervin U. Roop. 

The degree of B. S. upon Misses 
Anna E. Brightbill, Laura E. Reider, 
Josephine Kreider and Lillie J. E. 
Rice, and Messrs. Elmer L. Haak, 
Jacob M. Herr, Seba C. Huber, A. 
Raymond Kreider, and Harry B. 

The degree of A. M. in cursu was 
conferred upon Revs. S. D. Faust, A. 
A. Long, B. F. Daugherty, and 
Reno S. Harp, Esq. The class song 
was then sung. The music was by 
Delia F. Roop, words by D. Albert 
Kreider. Class motto — " Carpe 

The degree of Ph. D., on examina- 
tion, was conferred upon Rev. C. A. 
Burtner, A. M., of York, Pa. 

The honorary degree of D. D. was 
conferred upon Rev. Aaron E. Gob- 
ble, A. M., President of Central Penn- 
sylvania College. 

Rev. C. T. Steam pronounced the 
benediction and the commencement 
passed into history. 

Congratulations and farewells fol- 

Board of Trustees. 

The Trustees of the College met 
in annual session on Tuesday morn- 
ing, June 14, 1892, at 9 o'clock. 

The devotional exercises were con- 

ducted by the Rev. Solomon L 

The following members were pres. 
ent, viz. : David W. Crider, G. C 
Snyder, I. H. Allbright, Chas. X. 
Stearn, Adam R. Forney, Isaac b! 
Haak, Charles A. Mutch, Cyrus F 
Flook, D. D. Keedy, Wm. 0. Baker 
Samuel F. Engle, Wm. H. Ulrich' 
Jno. B. Stehman, Daniel Eberly' 
Boaz W. Light, Solomon L. Swartz' 
A. H. Rice, H. H. Kreider, and S.' 
W. Clippinger. 

D. W. Crider, Esq., was elected 
President, Wm. H. Ulrich, Vice- 
President, and Isaac H. Albright, 

The following standing committees 
were appointed : 

Endowment — Bros. Ulrich, Krei- 
der, Light, Stehman and Crider. 

Faculty — Bros. Albright, Kreider, 
Mutch, Keed} 7 and Engle. 

Library and Apparatus — Bros. 
Flook, Ulrich, Deaner, McDermad 
and Stearn. 

Finance — Bros. Swartz, Haak, 
Kreider, Eberly, Baker and Clip- 

Grounds and Buildings — Bros. 
Forney, Flook, Lehman and Engle. 

Steward and Domestic Department 
— Bros. Haak, Fornej^, Clippinger 
and Rice. 

Auditors — Bros. Snyder, Deaner 
and Light. 

Isaac B. Haak, Esq., Financial 
Agent, presented the following re- 
port, which was adopted : 



Boarding and Tuition.... S^SS? 

Music, etc. 


College Day 

Endowment Interest. 

Room Rent 

Diploma Fees 

Contingent Fund 

Bills Collectible 

Rent for House 

185 00 
341 « 
Soft 00 
120 00 
200 9J 
440 50 


.$10,1-21 9 


Domestic Department $ 

Coal w 

Teachers' Salaries »«j 


Money Refunded 

College Association ij t < 

Steward's Salary 

Janitor's Services 

Advertising S ji 

Expressage and Postage 

Repairing "faS 

Traveling Expenses mjH 

Soliciting Agent's Salary "SjS) 

Catalogues, etc • • ■ 



Balance in Hand " 

Received on Old Accounts 
Endowment Interest 


Interest on Mortgages and D lS \-[<$i 

counts ." * "gflt 

Old Accounts Settled -J2| 

Respectfully submitted, 
Isaac B. Haas, 
Financial Ag^ 1 
H. H. Kreider, Esq., Treasure 1 

the ( 

I r 

for tl 
A mo 


No. ol 
by all 
uses i 
hope i. 
done s 

the var 
and ur< 
need o; 
tion in 
the Inst 
ceived, i 

On n 
jear, V i 

Win. If. 

Jacob E 


tor ex-orf 
H. H. J 

]n S year. 

Passed au 
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^ a chelo 

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S ees be 
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tbe College, presented the following 
report, which was adopted : 
treasurer's report. 
I respectfully submit the following 
for the past year : 

Amount received $11,141.28 

Amount paid out 11,116.55 

Balance on hand $24.13 

H. H. Kreider, Treasurer. 
Prof. H. Clay Deaner, Librarian, 
made the following report which was 
adopted : 

Xo. of volumes in Library 3,150 

No department in the college is 
growing more rapidly than the 
library and good use is made of it 
by all our students. The need of a 
(ire-proof building for this and other 
uses is imperative. May we not 
hope that something tangible will be 
done soon for this important inter- 

President Bierman then made his 
annual report, calling attention to 
the various interest of the College, 
and urging in vigorous language the 
need of immediate and decisive ac- 
tion in the purchase of additional 
ground, the improvement of the 
buildings, the devising of a plan to 
secure money to cancel the indebt- 
edness of the College and the en- 
largement of other departments of 
the institution. The report was re- 
ceived, and the various items of it 
referred to the proper standing com- 

On motion the following were 
elected members of the Executive 
Committee for the ensuing collegiate 
far, viz.: W. 0. Baker, H. H. 
glider, Isaac B. Haak, A. H. Rice, 
H. Ulrich, Adam R. Forney, 
• Jac ob R. Ridenourand I. H. Al- 
Jngbt. President Bierman is mem- 
^ex-officio of this committee. 

tf- H. Kreider, Esq., was re-elected 
treasurer of the college for the com- 
ln g year. 

Resolutions were unanimously 
jssed authorizing the graduation of 
l "e following, viz. : 

bachelor of Science— Misses Anna 
/■ -Bnghtbill, Josephine Kreider, 
S m E - Rei ^r, Liliie J. E.Rice 
Messrs. Elmer L. Haak, Jacob 
E5J rr > Se »a C. H uber, A. Raymond 
***** and Harrv B. Roop. 

Forn r 0f Arts ~ Miss Anna R - 
Un y aud Messrs - D. Albert 
rj '" er , John D. Rice and Hervin 

"nan? 0111110118 were als0 P as sed by 
W„ , lls vote that th e following 

be conferred : 
*S«*rof Arts-Rev. Samuel D. 

Rev a A V ' Ben J- F - Daughertv, 
V A - Lon g an d Reno S. Harp, 

the honorary degree of Doctor of 
Divinity be conferred on the Rev. 
Prof. Aaron E. Gobble, A. M., Pres- 
ident of Central Pennsylvania Col- 


Wednesday's session. 

5atio?\ r %f Philosophy (on exami- 
' ass oflsVs'" °' A ' Burtner ' A - M ' 
Solution was also adopted that 

S. W. Clippinger, Esq., led the 
devotional exercises. 

William 0. Baker read the follow- 
ing report on Finance, which, after 
an interesting discussion, was 
adopted : 

We are glad to find that the finan- 
cial department has been conducted 
during the past year on as econom- 
ical principles as the efficiency of the 
College would permit. It is, how- 
ever, evident that at least twenty-five 
thousand ($25,000) dollars should be 
secured to aid the institution in its 
work, and we therefore recommend 
to this Board of Trustees the adop- 
tion of the plan proposed by Presi- 
dent Bierman, by making an appeal 
to our church members, congrega- 
tions and Sunday schools to raise 
the above amount in one thousand 
shares of twenty-five ($25) dollars 
each ; that we instruct the Executive 
Committee to employ some suitable 
and efficient person to carry out this 
work in its details. Should, how- 
ever, the Executive Committee not 
be able to secure an agent such as 
they desire, then the Conferences 
cooperating with this College shall 
severally be asked to take the neces- 
sary steps to make this enterprise 

The Auditing Committee made a 
report stating that it found the ac- 
counts of the Financial Agent and 
the Treasurer correctly kept. 

The Committee on Steward re- 
ported that the Domestic Depart- 
ment was well kept and recommended 
the re-election of Mr. Jno. H. Maul- 
fair. The report was adopted and 
Mr. Maulfair unanimously re-elected. 

The Committee on Grounds and 
Buildings made a report recommend- 
ing the purchase of additional ground 
west of the main building ; the sale 
of the frame building on college 
avenue, and the erection of the north 
wing of the main building ; the im- 
provement of the Ladies' Hall and 
the removal of several outbuildings, 
and the report was adopted. 

The Committee on Faculty made 
the following report, viz. : 

We recommend that the following 
professors be re-elected : 

E. Benj. Bierman, A. M., President, 
Professor of Mental and Moral Sci- 
ence; H. Clay Deaner, A. M., Pro- 
fessor of Latin and Astronomy; 
John E. Lehman, A. M., Professor 
of Mathematics; J. A. McDermad, 
A. M., Professor of the Greek Lan- 
guage; Miss Emma A. Dittmar, 
Teacher of Fine Arts. 

That the resignation of Miss Sarah 
E. Sherrick, B. Ph., be accepted. 

That the resignation of Miss Carrie 
Gertrude Eby be accepted. 

That the Executive Committee is 
hereby instructed to fill the vacancies 
created by the resignation of Misses 
Sherrick and Eby. 

That the Executive Committee is 
further instructed to elect a pro- 
fessor of natural science. 

The following resolution was unan- 
imously adopted : 

Resolved, That we hereby express 
our high appreciation of the valuable 
services of Miss Sherrick and Miss 
Eby who this day voluntarily retire 
from the work in this Institution, 
and pray that they may win larger 
fields of usefulness and success as 
the years roll on. 

The Committee on Endowment 
made a report urging all to work to- 
wards the increase of the Endow- 
ment Fund, which report was 

On motion, Bros. H. H. Kreider, 
A. R. Forney and Dan- 7 ! Eberly were 
appointed a committee with the in- 
struction to purchase at once, if pos- 
sible, the three and a-half acres, more 
or less, of land lying west of the 
main building or North College, from 
Mr. Peter Graybill. The Committee 
at a subsequent meeting reported 
that they have made the purchase 
and the report was confirmed. Con- 
sideration, $1500. 

The board did all its business 
during Tuesday and Wednesday, 
was a unit on almost every question 
that came before it for considera- 
tion, planned well for the future and 
merits the thanks of the patrons and 
friends of the College, and of the 
cause of education in general. 


Lebanon Yalley College in Excel- 
lent Condition — A Recent 
Purchase— Improvements. 
Two Bright Chambers- 
burg Graduates. 

The commencement exercises of 
Lebanon Valley College, last week, 
closed one of the most brilliant and 
successful years in the history of the 
institution. Its efficient management 
under its esteemed President, E. 
Benjamin Bierman, A. M., is restor- 
ing perfect confidence in the United 
Brethren people and friends of the 
college generally, and has at last 
settled the old " re-location question " 
in favor of its present location be- 
yond all probability of further agi- 

Among the progressive steps taken 
at the recent Board meeting was the 
purchase of a very fine field of about 
five acres, adjoining the campus, for 


$1,500. This land was reduced to 
this nominal sum from $4,000, its es- 
timated value, through the benefi- 
cence of its former owner. Upon at 
least part of this field the campus 
will be extended and fine athletic 
grounds will be laid out. It is also 
highly probable that the Philokos- 
mian Literary Society will secure 
part of this ground for the erection 
of a new hall, which they contem- 
plate building during the coming 
year at a cost of $10,000. 

The Board has also perfected a 
plan for the speedy liquidation of 
the present debt, which it is believed 
will be entirely successful. The 
buildings, which upon the interior, 
during the past year, have under- 
gone thorough repair, will also be 
improved upon the exterior at an 
early date. The present faculty will 
also be increased. 

Upon the whole, the improved con- 
dition of the College cannot help be- 
ing a source of great satisfaction to 
the returning students and a very 
gratifying inducement to prospective 

The College this year celebrates 
its twenty-fifth anniversary by send- 
ing out twenty-one graduates. 
Among those who received the B. S. 
degree was S. C. Huber, son of Rev. 
B. G. Huber, and upon J. D. Rice, 
son of Councilman A. H. Rice, was 
conferred the degree of A. B. The 
former gentleman took for his theme 
" Modern Feudalism," and Mr. Rice 
spoke of " The Music of the Spheres," 
in which he presented some of the 
grand harmonies existing in nature 
as revealed in the light of modern 
science, dwelling especially upon our 
moral obligation to explore the sci- 
entific world. — Chambersburg Public 


Analyze and parse : dogs bark. 

What is propriety? Answer — To 
display common sense. 

The sons of " old Izaak " are now 
in search of the best trout waters. 

Prince Bismarek, it is said, fears 
that drinking is going out of fashion. 

The Christian Advocate says the 
rum business is an incarnation of 
criminal spirits. 

What period in Grecian history 
was known as the age of despots? 
Answer— 650 to 500 B. C. 

How much must patient students 
yet sacrifice to senseless capricious- 
ness? Ye gods, answer. 

It appears that the warm weather 
is as baneful in its effects upon 
lunacy as the moon's changes. 

Poe's own copy of " The Bells " 
sold recently at a Boston auction for 
|230. — Exchange. 

The American Bible Society will 
exhibit at the World's Fair the Bible 
in more than 200 different languages. 

What period in modern history 
should be styled the age of fools and 
cranks? Every student answers, 
" Now." 

The youngest college president in 
the United States is John H. Finley, 
of Knox College, Ills. He is twenty- 
eight years old. 

There are in the world 147 educa- 
tional institutions called universities, 
the largest of which is in Paris with 
9,216 students. — Exchange. 

A full-blooded Indian, a lineal de- 
scendant of Tecumseh, will repre- 
sent Oklahoma in the next Repub- 
lican National Convention. 

A gentleman of Boston offers three 
prizes of $50, $30 and $20 respec- 
tively for the best three comic songs 
satirizing the foolish and cruel habit 
of "docking" horses. 

The rapid growth of political lib- 
erty is plainly suggested in the state- 
ment by Mr. Gladstone: "I was 
educated to regard liberty as an evil. 
I have learned to regard it as a 

Mr. Jas. Anthony Froude was re- 
cently appointed to succeed the late 
Mr. Freeman as Regius Professor of 
Modern History at Oxford. Mr. 
Froude is seventy-four years old. 

In Philadelphia, the 28th ult., 
more than 4,000 people listened to 
an interesting debate on Sunday 
newspapers. Editors Jas. M. Beck 
and Col. A. K. McClure contended 
pro, and the Revs. Russell H. Con- 
well and Forrest E. Dager, con. The 
verdict was rendered in favor of the 

Fhilokosmian Literary Society. 

Esse Quam Videri. 

On the evening of the 6th, the so- 
ciety celebrated its twenty-fifth an- 
niversary by the successful render- 
ing of an interesting programme. 
At the banquet, served after the an- 
niversary, a movement was set on 
foot which guarantees to the P. L. 
S. a half of its own in the near fu- 
ture. Between three and four thou- 
sand dollars were subscribed on the 
spur of the moment. This is sure to 
be raised to twelve or fifteen thou- 
sand dollars before June. It is more 
than probable that for this purpose 
the society will receive from each of 
four gentlemen two thousand dollars 
apiece. Blessed may they be. 

Much interest was manifested by 
the presence of many ex-active and 
honorary members. Space will not 
permit personal mention. See anni- 
versary, etc., in another column. 

Rev. H. U. Roop, '92, preached at 
Reading on the 1st inst., and con. 
ducted " College Day " services at 
York on Sunday, the 8th. 

S. C. Huber was called home on 
the 24th ult. by the death of his 

John D. Rice was at home forsev- 
eral weeks taking examinations pre. 
liminary to his entering a course of 
study in law. He passed very cred- 

O. E. Good, G. K. Hartman and 
H. U. Roop were among the dele- 
gates to the Y. M. C. A. convention, 
which was held at Gettysburg from 
the 22d to the 25th of April. 

Messrs. Shaeffer and Enck, '91, 
having finished the first year's study 
at the U. B. Seminary, have returned 
to their homes. Mr. Enck is taking 
a charge at Pottstown, Pa., during 
the summer. 

The President's and Judge's chairs 
have been so neatly recovered in 
one of the colors, blue, as to present 
the appearance of new furniture. 

Horace W. Crider attended the 
convention of the Y. M. C. A. presi- 
dents, of Pennsylvania, at Lancas- 
ter, on Sunday, the 1st. 



Miss Minnie C. Harman was mar- 
ried to Dr. O. H. Hoffman on the 
14th ult. 

President Bierman assisted Rev. 
W. H. Washington with " College 
Day " on the 8th inst. 

Mrs. Bierman was in Baltimore, 
Md., in the interests of missionary 

Mr. J. T. Strickler, of Topeka. 
Kansas, visited the College on ^ 
9th inst. He was one of the fitfj 
students of the College, and helped 
to plant the trees in the campus. 
He is delighted with the beautiful 
surroundings and appearance of the 

Gifts to P. L. S.'s Library. 

Bulwer Lytton's Novels, 13 vols- 
by Morris E. Moyer. 

Prescott's Conquest of Mexico*' 
vols., by Mr. and Mrs. Maufl<* 

King's Hand-Book of the U» itel 
States, by S. G. Light. 

Hours with the Bible (GeikicV 
vols., by C. Smith. 

The Great Invasion (Hoke), V 
David Kreider. 

Things Not Generally & n °* 
(Wells), by D. O. Shenk. 

Lucille (Owen Meredith) ; y 
Hall (Tennyson); Faust 
Last Days of Pompeii (Bulwerh 
S. L. Brightbill. 


B. ( 
by I 
by J 
J. A 
by li 


5 voli 
3 vo 

ture, - 
v ols., ] 

novel i 
l tat th 
to con 
jg, as 
Jat th. 
de Pend 
*oieh i 
[hat Wa 

M 8 U ( 
lQ5 Port a 
Cl *li 2 ec 


to the ft 





;h f 


ne on 
of his 

or sev- 
is pre. 
irse of 
y cred- 

m and 
e dele- 
g from 

k. '91, . . 
5 study 




3 chairs 
jred in 
led the 
l. presi- 

vas mar- 
i on the 

ed Rev. 
■ College 


i on the 
the first 
d helped 

cc of the 


f 13 vols-i 
Mexico, J 

ie ^ 
Geikie), 3 
Hoke), W 
v %^ 

Gallery of Bida Engravings, by 
College Forum. 

Prescott's Conquest of. Mexico, 3 
vols-, by Miss Sarah M. Sherrick. 

Recollections by George W. Childs, 
by Ed. Walker. 

' Xapoleon and his Marshals (Hart- 
ley), by Rev. B. F. Dougherty. 

Life of C. H. Spurgeon ( Russell 
Conwell),by Rev. Joseph Dougherty. 

Acts and Anecdotes of Authors 
(Barrows), by Prof. H. Clay Deaner 
and Wife. 

Wonders of the Tropics (North- 
rop); Shams, or Uncle Ben's Ex- 
perience with Hypocrites (Benj. 
Morgan), by Geo. B. Ulrich. 

Following the Guidon (Elizabeth 
B. Custer), by Miss Emma A. Ditt- 

Rawlinson's Ancient Religions, 
by Miss Carrie Eby. 

A Tour in Europe (Grace Green- 
wood), by A. R. Forney. 

The Throne of David (Ingraham), 
by Miss Ella Mayer. 

Lucille (Owen Meredith), by Prof. 
J. A. McDermad. 

The Christian's Legacy (Jackson), 
by Hon. J. H. Kinports. 

The Beautiful Story. 

The Thorn in the' Flesh (Etter), 
by Miss Elvire Stehman. 

Rawlinson's Ancient Monarchies, 
5 vols.; Morley's English Literature, 
3 vols.; Essays (Mason), 2 vols.; 
England, political and social (Lan- 
gel) ; History of English Institu- 
tions (P. V. Smith); My Remin- 
iscences (Lord Gouer); Her Pic- 
u' re ' ' Aunt Serena (Blanche 
Howard); Kathleen (Mrs. F. H. 
Burnett); by Judge John B. Mc- 
1 herson. 

The International Cyclopedia, 15 
Vols - » by the society. 


lulwer)- J 

the sagacious Peter. In 1103 he gave 
a dinner at Moscow to celebrate the 
marriage of one of his jesters and in- 
sisted that it should be conducted in 
strict conformity with ancient usage. 
There had formerly been a super- 
stitious custom of not lighting a fire 
on a wedding. So Peter made them 
do without a fire, although it was 
colder than Christmas in a Hoboken 
boarding-house. He wouldn't give 
them any wine, because their fore- 
fathers never drank it. When they 
remonstrated he reminded them that 
it was a poor rule that did not work 
all around, and thus, by his good- 
natured greatness, wheedled his peo- 
ple into new coats— about the hard- 
est thing that can be done with 
humanity. — Clothier and Furnisher. 


A lesson Well Given. 

Peter the Great adopted rather a 
th ? , means t0 convince his subjects 
«at they should change their clothes 
t c °nform with the modern cos- 
hes of Western Europe. Believ- 

thftfi 8 1S Wel1 known historically, 
atthe future greatness of Russia 
Mended upon the facility with 
lit U WaS made to assimiIa te all 
had WaS ^ est in otner countries, he 
irnr)o S f CCeeded in introducing some 
civii; ant ^novations into the half- 

ihT a region over which he held 

cloth i len gth he had patterns of 
town ? g " P at the S ates of tbe 

to the*? l - h ° Se who did not conform 
pu ]j cl * asino n thus set were docked 

All " 

»m{J eit Biswas done in as pleasant 
lie Ve ^ er as possible, for Peter be- 
pe p] e n Ji e,n g good-natured with his 
'NIv' i lc y» on tne other hand, 

t h urre<1 and used the ar g"- 
V ' t . at w hat was good enough 
Wf' r forefathers was good 
su r <>r them. "Very well," said 

The July Century is sufficiently sum- 
mary in its contents, the opening paper 
being a readable and authentic account 
of the great French landscape-painter 
Daubigny, with illustrations from his 
own work, portraits of himself and pic- 
tures of his favorite haunts. 

There is a good deal of fiction in the 
number, including the last chapters of 
Dr Weir Mitchell's "Characteristics," 
and also of the striking "Naulahka," by 
Messrs. Kipling and Balestier. The sec- 
ond instalment of "The Chatelaine of La 
Trinite" is given, and the third instalment 
of Mrs. Mary Hallock Foote's story of 
"The Chosen Valley," which is being 
read with peculiar interest in the West! 
There are also short stories by Maurice 
Thompson, Charles Belmont Davis (a 
brother of Richard Harding Davis), and 
George Wharton Edwards. 

Mr. Van Brunt's article on " The 
Architecture at the World's Columbian 
Exposition" contains the most carefully 
prepared pictures yet made of the build- 
ings at Chicago. Tnis instalment is par- 
ticularly rich in reproductions of the 
sculpture of the Exposition, which is 
evidently, in its way, to be as distin- 
guished as the architecture. 

Professor Charles Waldstein, Director 
of the American School of Archaeology of 
Athens, writes of "The Finding of the 
Tomb" of Aristotle " during the course of 
the excavations made by the school in 
Eretria. Not only is the paper of great 
archaeological value, but it is unusually 
readable. Professor Waldstein describes 
with great charm and insight the life of 
th s out-of-the-way part of Europe. 

Frederic Villiers, the war correspond- 
ent, also writes of remote regions of the 
world, and describes a visit to King 
Johannes of Abyssinia, which he took in 
company with a mission sent into Abys- 
sinia by the English and Egyptian gov- 
ernments. Mr. Villiers illustrates his 
own article, which is bright and interest- 

In his third paper on the life of " Chris- 
topher Columbus," Emilio Castelar de- 
scribes the trials and disappointments 
which Columbus underwent in "Win- 
ning the favor of Ferdinand and Isa- 
bella." The article is illustrated with 
portraits of the king and queen and with 
views of the Convent of La Rabida, 
where Columbus found refuge in the time 
of greatest discouragement, and where he 
received the news of a change in the dis- 
position of the rulers toward his great 

An article of special value to farmers 

and of suggestive interest to everybody is 
the paper entitled "What the Govern- 
ment is Doing for the Farmer," bv A. W. 
Harris, of the Department^ of Agricul- 
ture. He points to the necessity of 
changing the old method of land-skim- 
ming for scientific ways of land culture, 
and gives the outlines and effects of leg- 
islation on the subjects of oleomargarine, 
the signal service, sorghum sugar, in- 
spection of live stock and meats, the 
tariff and reciprocity. 

The poet Stedman, in his series of 
studies of "The Nature and Elements of 
Poetry," devotes the present installment 
to the fruitful subject of "Beauty" in 

A brief paper, by a new writer, on 
" The Great American Safety- Valve " will 
be read with approval by American 
readers of The Century, illustrating as it 
does a peculiar national characteristic. 

In the editorial department the follow- 
ing topics are treated: "Responsibility 
for Political Corruption," "A New Move- 
ment in Municipal Reform," and "An- 
other Word on 'Cheap Money.' " 

Mr. Henry Cabot Lodge has, in "Open 
Letters," "A Word More on the Distri- 
bution of Ability." 

In "Lighter Vein" a new writer, 
Alice Turner, h>s a brief prose piece, 
illustrated by Kcmble, called "Aunt 
Lucretia's Libretto." 

Among the poets of the number are 
Bliss Carmon, Miss Guiney, Frank 
Dempster Sherman, Edgar Fawcet, Pro- 
fessor C. G. D. Roberts, Edith M. 
Thomas, Elizabeth Akers, and others. 

TIME TABLE— June 3d, 1892. 

Down Trains 


. Winchester 
Martin b'g 
Ci amb'g... 
Newvi le ... 



New York. 
Baltimore . 



6 15 

6 55 

7 20 
7 44 

8 05 

Ky'e Mr'g Day I Ev'g J N'gt 
Exp Mail Exp I Mail Exp 

No. 3 No. 4 No. 6No. 8 No. 10 

6 10 
6 30 

6 50 

7 08 

7 45 

8 04 
8 50 
8 20 

11 25 
2 00 
1 15 

P. M. 

7 10 

7 53 

8 15 
8 37 

8 58 

9 20 
9 43 

10 05 

10 25 

1 25 
4 00 
1 15 
P. M. 

P. M. 

P. M. 

P. M. 



3 25 

7 00 

12 15 

4 IS 

10 05 

12 37 

4 42 

10 25 

1 00 


10 46 

1 21 

5 33 

11 04 

1 43 


11 21 


6 22 

11 41 

2 30 

6 49 

12 01 

4 40 

8 20 



12 20 

A. M. 

6 50 

10 55 


9 25 

3 50 


6 45 

10 40 


P. M. 

P. M. 

A. M. 

Additional trains will leave Carlisle daily except 
Sunday at 5:55 a. m., 12:30 p. m., 4:15 p. m. stopping at 
all intermediate stations, arriving at Harrisburg at 
6:40 a. m., 1:15 p. m., 5:05 p. m. " 

Evening Mail runs daily between Harrisburg and 

Up Trains. 






N. O. 

|No. 1 

No. 3 

No. 5 

No. 7 


No. 9 

P. M. 

A. M. 

A. M. 

A. M. 

P. M. 

P. M. 

Lv. Baltimore.. 

11 30 

4 50 


11 55 

4 20 

4 20 

" New York 

8 00 

12 15 


2 00 

5 00 

" Philad'a 

11 20 

4 30 

8 50 

11 50 

4 25 

7 40 

A. M. 

A. M. 

P. M. 

P. M. 

P. M. 

P. M. 

" Harrisb'g... 


7 55 

12 30 


7 30 

10 25 

7 10 

12 10 

5 15 

" Mechm'bg 

6 21 

8 11 

12 52 

4 06 


10 42 

6 45 

8 31 

1 17 

4 30 

8 14 

11 02 

" Newviiie.... 

7 07 


1 43 

4 55 

8 38 

11 21 

" Shippens'g 
" Chamb'g.... 

7 28 

9 13 

2 05 


8 59 

11 38 

7 55 

9 37 

2 32 

5 41 

9 20 

11 57 

" Greencas'e.. 

8 18 

9 58 

2 54 

6 03 

12 16 

" Hagerst'n... 

8 47 

10 20 

3 20 

6 30 

12 35 

" Martinsb'g 
Ar. Winchester 

9 30 


10 20 

8 00 

A. M. 

A. M. 

P. M. 

P. M. 

P. M. 

A. M. 

Additional trains wil leave Harrisburg daily except 
Sunday at 8:05 a. m., 10:00 a. m.. 5:20 p. m., arriving 
at Carlisle at 8:50 a. m., 10:50 a. m., 6:05 p. m., stop- 
ping at all intermediate stations ; on Saturday addi- 
tional train will leave Harrisburg at 5:20 p. m., arriv- 
ing at Mecha'dcsburg 5:42 p. m., stopping at all i i- 
termediate stations. 

Pullman Palace Sleeping Cars between Hagerstown 
and New York on Keystone Express and Night Ex- 
press east, and on Memphis Express and New Orleans 
Express w. St. 

Pullman Sleepinsr Cars oi» Night Express and New 
Orleans Express between Philadelphia and N w Or- 





As Permanent Office Assistant. 

Either Gentleman or Lady. No preference, qualifica- J 
tions being equal. Salary $750, and Railway fare paid , 
to Office if engaged. Enclose reference and self-ad- ' 
d'essed stamped envelope to 



John G. Kreider, 

Manufacturer of the following 
Grades of 

Full Roller Flour 

Anchor, Gold Leaf, White Wonder, Low Grade. 
Also, Dealer in 

Grain, Feed, Seed, Salt, Buckwheat 
and Rye Flour, and Corn Meal. 


Compound Tar Lozenges 

4S»Read this good endorsement by Rev. A. 

Ebenezer, Pa., January 4, 1892. 

I have much pleasure in recommending 
Dr. Lemberger's Compound Tar Lozenges, 
having used them very frequently during 
the past two years— they have always relieved 
a tickling in the throat and hoarseness. I 
think they are invaluable for Public Speak- 
ers and Singers. (Signed) 

Pastor U. 1$. Church. 

Sent by Mail on Receipt of Price. 

25 Cts. a Box. 5, 10 and 15c. Packages. 

prepared only at 

Jos, L. Lemberger's Drug Store, Lebanon, Pa, 




Re-edited and Reset from Cover to Cover. 

for eve*-;, jTamily and School. 

The work of revision occupied over 
ten years, more than a hundred editors 
being employed, and over 8300,000 
expended before first copy was printed. 
Pamphlet sent free by the publishers. 

CAUTION is needed in purchasing a dic- 
tionary, as photographic reprints of an obso- 
lete and comparatively worthless edition of 
Webster are being marketed under various 
names and often by misrepresentation. 
The International, which bears imprint of 
G. & C. MERRIAM & CO., Publishers, 
Springfield, Mass., U. S. A. 


Standard and Reliable 
Clothing at Reasona- 
ble Prices. All Our 
Own Make. Spring 
and Summer Stock 
Now Ready. 


Cor. 8th and Penn Sts., 



IF you wish to advertise anything anywhere at 
time, write to GEO. P. HOWELL & Co., No. 
Spruce Street, New York. 

EVERY one in need if information on the snbj- 
of advertising will do well to obtain a copyc 
' ' Book for Advertisers, ' 1 3tiS pages, pri.-c one dollar. 
Mailed, postage paid, on receipt of price. Contains! 
careful compilation from the American Newspaper 
Directory of all the best papers and class journals] 
gives the circulation rating of every one. and ago 
deal of information about rates and other nam 
pertaining to the business of advertising. Adiln 
Street, New York. 



Canon Farrar's Latest and Greatest Book. 
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